- Authors: Capels Vasily Ulyanovich
- Purpose: Table
- Berry color: Dark Cherry
- Taste: Muscata
- Ripening time (filter): Early
- Ripening time, days: 100-105
- Frost resistance, ° C: -25
- Synonyms names: II-5-7B
- Weight bunchy, g: 700-1200
- Type of flower: Oboy
See all the characteristics
Many gardeners would like to diversify their garden with a unique and rather exotic plant, but at the same time understandable to many. Giovanni grape variety exactly what many were looking for. Unique and very interesting hybrid that attracts with its forms and color. It should be found in the history of the derivation of this culture, its features, yield, as well as nuances of growing.
History of removal
This grape variety is a hybrid, that is, crossed culture. Also called II-5-7B. The southern part of Russia is considered to be the distribution region, as well as culture can be found in the territory of such countries as Ukraine, Moldova and Belarus.
Brought this grade gardener in. W., Right from the Rostov region. As a basis for removing the hybrid, he took 2 types of grapes, namely: the delight of red and F-4.
Giovanni Grapes – Extremely interesting grade. This culture refers to the early. By the middle or end of July, the first berries appear, which can already be used.
The bush grows in size above average, so it is necessary to constantly care for the plant, not letting the opportunities to grow too quickly. Brozdi Pretty large and sweaty, large and dense berries. Leaves on shoots big, dark green shade.
Grapes refers to early grades, so bloom begins in May, until the ripening of fruits is on average up to 120 days. If you grow this culture in the south, then after swelling the kidneys for the maturation of the first berries required 100-105 days. If we grow in the northern parts of the country, the term may increase. Gardeners note that the degree of care and feeding for this culture also affect the ripening period of berries.
On every shoot, 1 big clusters grows, rarely you can find the escape on which 2 clusters were formed. Through the volume of brushes large, in the weight reach up to 1-1.2 kg. Average indicator consider weight 700 g.
Berries grow very tight to each other. Frames are strong, well connected with the vine, so that a strong wind is not afraid of crop. The feature of the covers in the fact that they can start turning into raisins, especially due to the fact that the crop was allowed to dive.
Berries are quite large, by shades range from dark lilac, cherry (early fruits) to almost black with a lilac with a lilac (later fruits). By weight on average 12 g, but with good feeding and favorable conditions 1 berry can weigh to 22 g. Length from 34 to 36 mm, diameter up to 26 mm. Floor shape or elongated downtal. Skin smooth, medium in density, with light glitter. Flesh fleshy, juicy, inside from 1 to 3 bones.
Giovanni grapes has exquisite, refined taste of sweets with muscat note. Sugarity up to 20%, acidity does not exceed 7-8 g per 1 l. The variety has the perfect ratio of sugar and acidity, due to this, this culture is often used both in food and for the production of wine.
From one bush collect up to 15-20 kg, with one hectare, in this case, it turns out to 15-20 tons. Special weather conditions do not affect the yield, the main thing is to comply with the prevention of disease and in time to feed the plant.
Selecting planting material
Gardeners with experience recommend newcomers to take cuttings and seedlings for those who made them from their vine and is engaged in the production of such material professionally.
You can evaluate the quality that cuts a small amount of bark. When growing a bush from a cutting and compliance with agrotechnology rules, the survival rate is about 90%, high quality plants are practically guaranteed. There is the ability to control the development of grapes at all stages.
Under the compliance with the Rules of Agrotechnology, the survival rate is about 100%. Saplings must be healthy. Pay attention to the absence of fuses, growths and other signs of diseases.
Features of cultivation
This grape variety loves the place that is lit by the sun. The soil should be not acidic, better if there will be impurities black near or clay. It is desirable that there was not near reservoirs.
Plant seedlings better spring. In the regions with a hot climate you can land in the fall.
Before boarding, the seedlings should soak in water, and then remove extra shoots. Lunka should be prepared in size 1×1 m. Between the landings are retreating 3 m. Do not suck close to trees, as well as fences or walls. Do the following:
- In the wells you need to pour humid or manure, then a small layer of soft land;
- Next landed seedlings;
- fall asleep the earth and tamper;
- richly shed with water approximately 3 buckets on a seedling.
In order to 3 years old, the vine gives a signal harvest, it is necessary to take into account the set of factors – from the type of soil on the plot to the nearby plants.The best time for landing most varieties – autumn, and in the cold regions, preparations for landing start in August. Saplings are transferred to the ground at the end of September or in 1 decade of October. For autumn landing, only plants with ridiculous vines are suitable, with a developed root system and with 8-10 eyes.Tips for beginners will help to figure out the optimal schemes for the location of seedlings and cuttings, as well as in other subtleties of this process.
Type of soil
Grapes grown on sand, black earth and clay soils. For each of the options for the composition of the soil, the preparation process will noticeably differ.
Planting vegetative saplings
The basic rules are the same for weird and vegetable seedlings. Vegetable call seedlings obtained by a greenhouse.
Cuttings – processes without its own root system. They are always rooted in autumn. The procedure is starting after the foliage will be.
The following plants have a favorably affect grapes: Siderats, cucumbers, strawberries, onions and garlic, roses, Early grades of white cabbage and greens.
Do not need special pollination, flowers in grapes of both sexes.
As the shoots grow, it is better to cut off. Dry branches should also be deleted. On average, the trimming is made by 6-8 eyes, depends on the abundance. On the bush accounts for 35 eyes.
So that the berries are large and juicy, it is necessary to organize a full watering and feeding. All standards need to be adjusted to weather conditions and the rate of evaporation of fluid.
With a frequent watering scheme, the moisturizing is recommended once every two weeks (that is, twice a month during flowering and the appearance of berries) so much so that the land is impregnated by 50 cm deep into the plant so that the plant does not switch to surface (dewn) roots. This amount can be reduced if the straw is mulching.
With a rare watering scheme, choosing the age and time of ripening grapes, you can use the standards presented in the table in another article.
Frost resistance and need for shelter
Frost resistance reaches up to -24 °. But still the plant is better to cover with a film or underfloor material. Especially the attention should be paid to young seedlings in the first 3 years.
Diseases and pests
Grapes should be treated with means of diseases and pests as:
- Gray rot;
It is also worth covering a special rigid grid bushes from birds.
Overview of all diseases and pests
If grapes are exposed to any disease or insect, it is always reflected in its appearance. May suffer both separate parts of the plant and the whole culture as a whole.Grape kidneys are usually most of all suffer from leaf-making parasites.Berries damage mainly appear in the presence of fungal diseases. Leaves are always affected to a greater extent, many diseases are immediately recognized by them.
The most important feature of the disease is the presence of white fluffy wave in the lower part of the sheet plate.
Symptoms of the disease are manifested from the top of the sheet – yellow spots with an ash-gray bloom appear, even with a whitish tint.
Gray Gnil >>
The main signs of gray rot: the appearance on foliage and berries of brown spots and gray plaque, the occurrence of brown divorces and gray spraying on the vine.
On the leaves there are brown specks with dark color casing. Over time, due to the fact that the fabrics of the plant die, holes appear on the leaves.
The bunches are cut and stacked in special boxes in 1-2 layers, layers of sawdust 3cm are poured between them. Storage temperature up to + 2 °. The room should be well ventilated, and humidity must be no higher than 85%.