- Authors: Zagorulko Vitaly Vladimirovich
- Purpose: Table
- Berry color: Blue
- Taste: harmonious
- Ripening time (filter): Early
- Ripening time, days: 110-115
- Frost resistance, ° C: -21
- Weight bunchy, g: 500-900 g, separate up to 2 kg
- Type of flower: Oboy
- Luna density: Middle density
See all the characteristics
Gala is a hybrid shape of a table of dark grapes. A variety is in great demand among consumers and gardeners, however, the grade cannot be attributed to careful to care – its cultivation requires special rules of agrotechnology.
History of removal
The variety was bred by the Ukrainian breeder in. IN. Zagorulko. Gala is the result of crossing varieties Gift Zaporozhye and Code. Initially, the new grapes were sold for a high price, since the bred bushes differed in valuable qualities, but later other competitive varieties appeared, and the cost of seedlings reduced.
Lose has a strong increase, it has large leaves, creating on the shadow area, so the bush can be used to decorate landscape design. The variety is characterized by good aging, but it can delay when overloading, which contributes to the worsening of the quality of the harvest.
Gala refers to early grades, usually the ripening time is 110-115 days.
In the structure of Brozdi, the delight is similar to the grade, their weight is 500-900 g, and some copies reach a mass of 2 kg. Density – average.
Fruits have blue and oval shape. Weight of berries – 12-14 g.
For berries characterized by harmonious pleasant taste. Gala is a table variety that is more often used in the fresh form. However, it is allowed to use fruits for cooking wine or juice – such a drink will receive the sour-sweet soft taste and pleasant aroma. Perhaps manufacturer of isa.
The productivity of the variety is determined by the hardworking of the owner of the site. If all the rules of agrotechnics are observed, then yield can reach 15-18 kg of berries with bush.
Selecting planting material
Gardeners with experience recommend newcomers to take cuttings and seedlings for those who made them from their vine and is engaged in the production of such material professionally.
You can evaluate the quality that cuts a small amount of bark. When growing a bush from a cutting and compliance with agrotechnology rules, the survival rate is about 90%, high quality plants are practically guaranteed. There is the ability to control the development of grapes at all stages.
Under the compliance with the Rules of Agrotechnology, the survival rate is about 100%. Saplings should be healthy. Pay attention to the absence of fuses, growths and other signs of diseases.
Features of cultivation
One of the basic rules concerns watering and feeding plants. Overflow can destroy the culture, so the soil is moisturized as it grates. Especially moisturizing is important during the growing season, and in the phase of flowering and when ripening the berries of watering is required to stop.
Young bushes can grow well without additional feeding, and from three years of age, they need to fertilize three times in the season – after winter, before the flowering period and after it.
Good grade responds to mulching. The procedure is performed during the entire period of vegetation. As a mulch, you can use sawdust, straw, hay, peat. The material is recommended to lay a layer of 10 cm in the pit around the culture.
Plant landing consists of several stages.
Dock the pit 80x80x80 cm.
Lay on the bottom of the drainage, pour fertile soil at a level of 30 cm.
Make 10-20 liters of organic and superphosphates.
Run escape under a light slope.
Sprinkle a fertilous land, put the usual soil on top. Do not press.
Leave 5-10 cm in the well space for watering.
Dock a trench at 15 cm from the bush. It is filled with mulch and watering.
When landing several seedlings, observe the distance at least 2.5 m between them.
In order to 3 years old, the vine gives a signal harvest, it is necessary to take into account the set of factors – from the type of soil on the plot to the nearby plants.The best time for landing most varieties – autumn, and in the cold regions, preparations for landing start in August. Saplings are transferred to the ground at the end of September or in 1 decade of October. For autumn landing, only plants with ridiculous vines are suitable, with a developed root system and with 8-10 eyes.Tips for beginners will help to figure out the optimal schemes for the location of seedlings and cuttings, as well as in other subtleties of this process.
Type of soil
Grapes grown on sand, black earth and clay soils. For each of the options for the composition of the soil, the preparation process will noticeably differ.
Planting vegetative saplings
The basic rules are the same for weird and vegetable seedlings. Vegetable call seedlings obtained by a greenhouse.
Cuttings – processes without its own root system. They are always rooted in autumn. The procedure is starting after the foliage will be.
The following plants have a favorably affect grapes: Siderats, cucumbers, strawberries, onions and garlic, roses, Early grades of white cabbage and greens.
Gala has rolled flowers, which means that there are no insects and varieties of pollinators.
In the early years, the young plant needs careful trimming. Just leave 35-45 kidneys on each tree. The vine is shortened by 6-8 eyes.
And the gardeners should take into account the coefficient of the fruction of the variety, it is 1.3. And this means that it is impossible to allow the load of the vine, otherwise the quality of the crop will not only decrease, but its maturation will also be distinguished.
So that the berries are large and juicy, it is necessary to organize a full watering and feeding. All standards need to be adjusted to weather conditions and the rate of evaporation of fluid.
With a frequent watering scheme, the moisturizing is recommended once every two weeks (that is, twice a month during flowering and the appearance of berries) so much so that the land is impregnated by 50 cm deep into the plant so that the plant does not switch to surface (dewn) roots. This amount can be reduced if the straw is mulching.
With a rare watering scheme, choosing the age and time of ripening grapes, you can use the standards presented in the table in another article.
Frost resistance and need for shelter
The bush of this variety is able to transfer the temperature to -21 degrees. It is better to use shelter for winter. You can connect all branches, fold on the litter and fix. Top to prepared arcs pull polyethylene and sprinkle the design of the earth.
If the temperature in the area of disembodies does not fall below -15 degrees, then you can skip the plot pulling step, and immediately fall asleep the bound branches with a large layer of soil.
Diseases and pests
The grade is quite resistant to fungal agers and tolenen to Mildew and Oidium. For prevention, it is recommended to handle a plant by fungicide or burglar liquid. Additional spraying will be needed in the rainy season or, on the contrary, in a hot and dry period. The best measure of prevention is also visual examination of culture.
Overview of all diseases and pests
If grapes are exposed to any disease or insect, it is always reflected in its appearance. May suffer both separate parts of the plant and the whole culture as a whole.Grape kidneys are usually most of all suffer from leaf-making parasites.Berries damage mainly appear in the presence of fungal diseases. Leaves are always affected to a greater extent, many diseases are immediately recognized by them.
The most important feature of the disease is the presence of white fluffy wave in the lower part of the sheet plate.
Symptoms of the disease are manifested from the top of the sheet – yellow spots with an ash-gray bloom appear, even with a whitish tint.
Gray Gnil >>
The main signs of gray rot: the appearance on foliage and berries of brown spots and gray plaque, the occurrence of brown divorces and gray spraying on the vine.
On the leaves there are brown specks with dark color casing. Over time, due to the fact that the fabrics of the plant die, holes appear on the leaves.
Breakdi have good transportability and burning. Fruit storage period – medium, but for this you need to maintain a certain microclimate. If the crop will be stored in the cellar, then lay the cluster to the cream up in the boxes so that the berries do not protrude above the tara level.