- Authors: Pavlovsky Evgeny Georgievich
- Purpose: Table
- Berry color: Dark Red Purple
- Taste: harmonious
- Ripening time (filter): Rannestered
- Ripening time, days: 115-120
- Frost resistance, ° C: -22
- Synonyms names: B-12-1
- Weight bunchy, g: 723
- Type of flower: Oboy
See all the characteristics
Everest refers to new hybrid forms of grapes obtained during private selection. It is characterized by high tolerance to typical diseases, quickly rooted, successfully divorces even in the middle lane of Russia with stalling and other methods. And the hybrid is known under the designation of the B-12-1, sometimes referred to as Everest Pavlovsky.
History of removal
The hybrid form is derived by Pavlovsky E. G. When crossing grape varieties K-81 and talisman. People’s selection brought good results. The hybrid combines the best quality group of delight and cardinal to which the source varieties belong.
The novelty has quite quickly gained popularity in Ukraine. Here Everest has already managed to give the first harvests in industrial vineyards. In the context of the Russian Federation, it has yet been studied little, but there is already an experience of cultivation in the Rostov region, in chernozem and the middle lane.
Table hybrid Everest has a medium-edged vegetation process. Harvesting begins after 115-120 days. In the conditions of the subtropical climate, the fruits are completely ripened by the 3rd decade of August.
Grape has a cylindroconic brush or in the form of a correct cone. The bunch density varies from the middle to high. Mass average is 723 g, in favorable conditions reaches 1 kg and more.
In the course of fruiting, the clusses are formed from large, weighing up to 12.3 g, berries with severe ellipsoidal outlines. As they ripen, they type purple red, saturated color, expressed white flare.
Juicy and fleshy flesh of berries has a pronounced density. Taste properties are good, but without special sophistication. The hybrid is deprived of bright nutmeg tones, suitable for consuming fresh.
Fruption begins on the 3rd year after landing, without signal brush. With a bush collect up to 20 kg of berries.
Selecting planting material
Gardeners with experience recommend newcomers to take cuttings and seedlings for those who made them from their vine and is engaged in the production of such material professionally.
You can evaluate the quality that cuts a small amount of bark. When growing a bush from a cutting and compliance with agrotechnology rules, the survival rate is about 90%, high quality plants are practically guaranteed. There is the ability to control the development of grapes at all stages.
Under the compliance with the Rules of Agrotechnology, the survival rate is about 100%. Saplings must be healthy. Pay attention to the absence of fuses, growths and other signs of diseases.
Features of cultivation
New hybrid Everest is inclined to burnout berries in the sun. It is better to plant it on a slightly pronted site, in the regions with a warm climate, without protracted rainy periods. You should not place young bushes on highly blown places, as well as where groundwater is highly located. The hybrid is sensitive to the type of soil. Suitable areas with neutral acidity, fertile.
When choosing a landing site, preferences are given to sites in removal from other plants. Between the bushes, leave at least 3 meters. For the enrichment of the soil, a preliminary landing of the Siderates is possible on the spot allotted under the vineyard, with the autumn leaving of the green mass with the soil. Everest grapes root in September-October, before the onset of cold. With spring landing bushes are worse.
Enough the size of the pit is 0.6 × 0.6 m, its bottom drain. Over the mixture of wood ash, humidiation and fertile soil. This composition is covered with film for 21 days. Then, a healthy sapling with 3 kidneys is transferred to the pit and about 40 cm long, it is sprinkled with its roots of the earth, they are poured abundantly, shelted mulch at the base of the bush.
In order to 3 years old, the vine gives a signal harvest, it is necessary to take into account the set of factors – from the type of soil on the plot to the nearby plants.The best time for landing most varieties – autumn, and in the cold regions, preparations for landing start in August. Saplings are transferred to the ground at the end of September or in 1 decade of October. For autumn landing, only plants with ridiculous vines are suitable, with a developed root system and with 8-10 eyes.Tips for beginners will help to figure out the optimal schemes for the location of seedlings and cuttings, as well as in other subtleties of this process.
Type of soil
Grapes grown on sand, black earth and clay soils. For each of the options for the composition of the soil, the preparation process will noticeably differ.
Planting vegetative saplings
The basic rules are the same for weird and vegetable seedlings. Vegetable call seedlings obtained by a greenhouse.
Cuttings – processes without its own root system. They are always rooted in autumn. The procedure is starting after the foliage will be.
The following plants have a favorably affect grapes: Siderats, cucumbers, strawberries, onions and garlic, roses, Early grades of white cabbage and greens.
In an additional landing of plant pollinkers, a hybrid does not need. Everest has scooping inflorescences, pollinated independently. For the enlargement of fruits, the fouls are thinned. Can act as a pollinator for other types of grapes.
Everest is needed normalization of loads. For this in the autumn period, trimming the vine. Leave 4 fruiting escapes on a bush with 8-10 eyes on each. You can carry out work after the plant will reset the leaves. Spring perform sanitary trimming, with removing dry and damaged branches. In the summer, it is necessary to thin the deciduous mass, step-down, leave no more than 2 infloresions by 1 escape.
Regular moisture is needed by Everest in the first 3 years after landing. During the season, the resistant moisture is made after the formation of the kidneys, when forming buds and after the formation of uncess. Water must be taken warm, barrel or artificial reservoir. The last watering is performed before shelter to wintering, with a 20-30 liter of water for each plant.
So that the berries are large and juicy, it is necessary to organize a full watering and feeding. All standards need to be adjusted to weather conditions and the rate of evaporation of fluid.
With a frequent watering scheme, the moisturizing is recommended once every two weeks (that is, twice a month during flowering and the appearance of berries) so much so that the land is impregnated by 50 cm deep into the plant so that the plant does not switch to surface (dewn) roots. This amount can be reduced if the straw is mulching.
With a rare watering scheme, choosing the age and time of ripening grapes, you can use the standards presented in the table in another article.
Extraction of additional nutrients has a beneficial effect on the abundance of the harvest of grapes Everest. It is recommended to bring under bushes both mineral and organic additives. If fertilizers were introduced into the landing point, the feeding will be required only from 3 years of life. In the spring it is necessary to give nitrogen mixtures that contribute to the acceleration of vegetation – the urea solution is suitable in the proportion of 1: 20. Upon completion of flowering and after the formation of oblasts, phosphor feeds are made (superphosphate with potash salt).
Frost resistance and need for shelter
Lose needs shelter for the winter. Upon decreasing temperatures below -22 degrees Celsius, the plant can freeze and die without additional protection measures. The shelter of the polyethylene film is not recommended. Instead, arcs with observer material are installed above trenches with a vine.
Diseases and pests
Vintage Everest is highly resistant to most common diseases. Nevertheless, the hybrid is recommended to handle fungicides in preventive purposes. From pulse dew and oidium use the drug toopaz. It is recommended to conduct 3 spraying – 1 sheet, after 2 weeks from flowering, in autumn, before shelter and trimming. Everest is shown acaricidal and insecticidal processing from gallical, leaflerting, paouth tick.
Overview of all diseases and pests
If grapes are exposed to any disease or insect, it is always reflected in its appearance. May suffer both separate parts of the plant and the whole culture as a whole.Grape kidneys are usually most of all suffer from leaf-making parasites.Berries damage mainly appear in the presence of fungal diseases. Leaves are always affected to a greater extent, many diseases are immediately recognized by them.
The most important feature of the disease is the presence of white fluffy wave in the lower part of the sheet plate.
Symptoms of the disease are manifested from the top of the sheet – yellow spots with an ash-gray bloom appear, even with a whitish tint.
Gray Gnil >>
The main signs of gray rot: the appearance on foliage and berries of brown spots and gray plaque, the occurrence of brown divorces and gray spraying on the vine.
On the leaves there are brown specks with dark color casing. Over time, due to the fact that the fabrics of the plant die, holes appear on the leaves.
Berries of this hybrid are distinguished by a good commodity view, transportable, not too demanding in storage. It is recommended to leave them on a bush in the bunches of about 1 month to ensure the ripening.
New Hybrid Everest managed to get a lot of feedback from amateur magazines. It is noted that all declared properties, in addition to the timing of aging, are true. The owners of the bushes of such grapes appreciated the impressive sizes of berries, their taste properties without sharp contrasts. Especially distinguished the lack of signs of forceing, the preservation of the integrity of the fruits in the rainy periods.
The yield of the young vine, according to reviews, reaches 4 kg from the bush. It is mentioned that due to the average content of sugar berries are not too suitable for winemaking. They prefer to eat fresh. By cons can be attributed. Is that the mandatory creation of shelter for the winter, without him the plant will just die.