- Authors: I.AND. Potapenko, I.BUT. Kostrikin, A.WITH. Skripnikova (Vnieviv him. I.AND. Potapenko)
- Purpose: Table
- Berry color: White, with a tan in the sun
- With bones: Yes
- Ripening time (filter): Very early
- Ripening time, days: 110-120
- Frost resistance, ° C: -25
- Weight bunchy, g: 531
- Yield: 120 c / ha
- Type of flower: Oboy
See all the characteristics
Grapes – Culture is thermalized that it does not always make it possible to grow it in the conditions of the middle strip of Russia. Many breeders are trying to bring good varieties for years, but it is not so often possible. One of the best is the grapes “delight”. It has high rates of yield and frost resistance, and also has excellent external qualities.
History of removal
Vintage “delight” – a hybrid that was derived in laboratory conditions with the help of crossing other grape varieties.
Soviet breeders were engaged in removal. AND. Potapenko, I. BUT. Kostrikin, A. WITH. Skripnikov in Vnieviv him. I. AND. Potapenko in the 1960s. The delight appeared as a result of crossing the shape of the Zarya of the North, × Dolores and the Russian Early.
The first experiments of planting plants began in the early 80s of the 20th century. Due to resistance to changes in weather conditions and good taste, grapes love and often cross with other varieties.
In 1992, this variety is officially registered in the state register of our country and allowed to produce.
The geography of distribution is quite extensive due to its sustainability to natural cataclysms. It is possible to grow grade in the territory of the Urals, the Far East, in Central Russia, as well as in Siberia. In countries with a southern warm climate, such as Belarus and Ukraine, some gardeners leave to winter culture without coverage.
Emitting has a number of distinctive features – both external and taste.
Grape bush has powerful medium-sized shoots. From the moment of landing for the year, the grape vine grows up to 2.6 meters and matches 65-85%. It has a good average in comparison with other varieties. Middle leaves, light green, with gear edges.
Is a variety of a very early maturation. Ripen after 110-120 days in temperate climates.
The amount of active temperatures from the beginning of the scattering of the kidneys to technological maturity – 2035 ° C.
Breakdogi large or very large sizes, moderate density, have a conical form. Sometimes there may be shapeless, but it does not affect the taste properties.
Under the conditions of the usual load, the bunch weighs an average of 531 grams, but some of them reach 2 kilograms.
Berries of the correct oval form, resemble olives. Skin moderately dense, light green. Berries facing the sunny side have white color with a tan. Inside a juicy crispy flesh with two bones. The average weight of the berries – 6-7 grams with the amount of 27×24 mm.
Nice, soft and harmonious. Contains a lot of sugar, 19-26% and small acidity – about 5-9 g / l. Value tasting indicators are 8.2-8.4 points.
With good care and moderate watering grade delight gives a high harvest. The amount of grape assembled is about 120 c / g. The number of escapes with fruits reaches 65-80%. Each Escape accounts for about 1.4-1.7 trunctions.
Selecting planting material
Gardeners with experience recommend newcomers to take cuttings and seedlings for those who made them from their vine and is engaged in the production of such material professionally.
You can evaluate the quality that cuts a small amount of bark. When growing a bush from a cutting and compliance with agrotechnology rules, the survival rate is about 90%, high quality plants are practically guaranteed. There is the ability to control the development of grapes at all stages.
Under the compliance with the Rules of Agrotechnology, the survival rate is about 100%. Saplings must be healthy. Pay attention to the absence of fuses, growths and other signs of diseases.
Features of cultivation
For a good yield, the grade “delight” is recommended to grown on the southern or southwestern side. Nearby should not be high buildings or canopies creating a strong shadow. 2-3 years before grape landing should systematically fertilize the soil with useful organic fertilizers.
Grapes loves chernozem subline soils with an average level of moisturies. With high humidity of the soil, the root system begins to rotate.
You can plant culture in autumn or spring time. In the fall, only experienced gardeners are planted. The plant is well tolerating frost in the presence of shelter, and with the onset of heat begins to actively grow.
When landing in the spring, grapes has the ability to get used to the conditions for a long time, which allows culture to adapt. But with a spring landing, grapes require high care and abundant irrigation.
In order to 3 years old, the vine gives a signal harvest, it is necessary to take into account the set of factors – from the type of soil on the plot to the nearby plants.The best time for landing most varieties – autumn, and in the cold regions, preparations for landing start in August. Saplings are transferred to the ground at the end of September or in 1 decade of October. For autumn landing, only plants with ridiculous vines are suitable, with a developed root system and with 8-10 eyes.Tips for beginners will help to figure out the optimal schemes for the location of seedlings and cuttings, as well as in other subtleties of this process.
Type of soil
Grapes grown on sand, black earth and clay soils. For each of the options for the composition of the soil, the preparation process will noticeably differ.
Planting vegetative saplings
The basic rules are the same for weird and vegetable seedlings. Vegetable call seedlings obtained by a greenhouse.
Cuttings – processes without its own root system. They are always rooted in autumn. The procedure is starting after the foliage will be.
The following plants have a favorably affect grapes: Siderats, cucumbers, strawberries, onions and garlic, roses, Early grades of white cabbage and greens.
Pollination has a routine, which is why landing near other varieties is optional.
Grape grapes “delight” stripped. Basically use short trimming. Grape vine has lower fruiting, like many stem varieties.
Standard load on the grape bush – 35-45 eyes, while the length of the trimming of fruit vines is calculated by 6-10 peaks. The fruitlessness of the eyes at the base of shoots is high, so you can trim and briefly, on 2-4 eyes.
Grapes delight does not require frequent watering. Focusing standing on weather conditions. The frequency of watering depends on weather conditions and vegetation periods.
Active feeding should be held for 2 years of life. In the spring you need to make nitrogen fertilizers, and with the active ripening of fruits, use comprehensive fertilizers.
After removing the crop, the delight should be filing with potash-phosphoric fertilizers: such a procedure will help culture well tolerate winter.
So that the berries are large and juicy, it is necessary to organize a full watering and feeding. All standards need to be adjusted to weather conditions and the rate of evaporation of fluid.
With a frequent watering scheme, the moisturizing is recommended once every two weeks (that is, twice a month during flowering and the appearance of berries) so much so that the land is impregnated by 50 cm deep into the plant so that the plant does not switch to surface (dewn) roots. This amount can be reduced if the straw is mulching.
With a rare watering scheme, choosing the age and time of ripening grapes, you can use the standards presented in the table in another article.
Frost resistance and need for shelter
Culture is considered a frost-resistant and withstand temperatures up to -25 ° C. In the warm climate, grapes do not cover.
With harsh winter with low temperatures, the shelter of the culture is necessary for the preservation of the plant.
Diseases and pests
This variety is medium resistant to diseases and pests, but unstable to the root and sheet phyllox. Characterized by resistance to mildew and gray rot.
Depending on the cultivation region, 1-2 spraying against mildu should be carried out with the addition of drugs from Oidium.
When oidium, the bush needs to get rid of the affected leaves and provide culture with high air permeability. Especially dangerous torment Rosa (Oidium) in hot periods.
Overview of all diseases and pests
If grapes are exposed to any disease or insect, it is always reflected in its appearance. May suffer both separate parts of the plant and the whole culture as a whole.Grape kidneys are usually most of all suffer from leaf-making parasites.Berries damage mainly appear in the presence of fungal diseases. Leaves are always affected to a greater extent, many diseases are immediately recognized by them.
The most important feature of the disease is the presence of white fluffy wave in the lower part of the sheet plate.
Symptoms of the disease are manifested from the top of the sheet – yellow spots with an ash-gray bloom appear, even with a whitish tint.
Gray Gnil >>
The main signs of gray rot: the appearance on foliage and berries of brown spots and gray plaque, the occurrence of brown divorces and gray spraying on the vine.
On the leaves there are brown specks with dark color casing. Over time, due to the fact that the fabrics of the plant die, holes appear on the leaves.
The grade looks attractive and looks good on the shelves.
The average safety of the covers on the bushes is 30-45 days. Freshness saves for a long time, but with a debt of storage there is a risk of brown dots. The taste remains the same, and marketability decreases. Store grapes in the refrigerator up to 1.5 months.
Gardeners highly appreciate the quality of this variety. Many grown it over long years. In comparison with other varieties, “delight” can withstand any weather conditions without losing excellent taste. During cold winters, the delight is covered and caught, but if he frozen, return the had one will be very difficult and better not to risk.