- Authors: Keepy B.W.
- Purpose: Table
- Berry color: pink
- Taste: harmonious, fragrant, with light muscat
- Ripening time (filter): Very early
- Ripening time, days: 100-110
- Frost resistance, ° C: -25
- Synonyms names: 1-13-34
- Weight bunchy, g: 600-900
- Type of flower: Oboy
See all the characteristics
There are very early vintage tables, although they are not so much. Grapes crimson belongs to exactly such. In this article, consider the features of the variety, yield, time maturation, as well as storage.
History of removal
Grapes the crimson was removed by the loyal breeder in. Vintage Vintage and Charrel varieties were chosen for the parent pair. The main task in the removal of a new hybrid was that the plant moves well frost well and has a high yield.
Grapes crimson will also be listed by name 1-13-34.
The variety belongs to very early cultures. The ripening period of fruits takes no more than 100 days.
The bushes are stronger, long to 3 m. The peak of complete growth of the bushes falls on the third year after landing in the ground. Rose strong, brownish color.
Leaves with 3 blades, in the middle of the sheet there is a characteristic cross section. In the edging there are ribbons and a slight omission.
Flowering falls at the beginning of May, and after 90-100 days it will be possible to assemble the first harvest. If cultivation occurs in the northwestern regions, where summer is short and pretty cool, then the ripening time increases, and the first fruits appear in early September.
Breaks strong, well stuck to the fruit. 100 berries can ripen on one brush. Weight of one cluster 600-900 g. On one vine, they are well anticipated by 2-3 trunctions without. More thunderstorms on the vine will lead to brags.
Berries are large and large. In the form of downtown with an extended and rounded end. Shades range from pink to light purple. By weight, fruits can be from 12 to 14 g. The flesh is juicy, transparent and fleshy. Bones are well separated from the pulp. Skin is thin, does not burst under mechanical exposure.
The taste of grapes is sweet, harmonious with barely catchy muscat notes. The amount of sugar 210 g / dm3 by 6 g / dm3 acidity. Many gardeners note that these indicators can change depending on the place of cultivation.
Yield from one bush 7 kg. There are that the indicators vary, and from one bush can be removed to 15 kg.
Selecting planting material
Gardeners with experience recommend newcomers to take cuttings and seedlings for those who made them from their vine and is engaged in the production of such material professionally.
You can evaluate the quality that cuts a small amount of bark. When growing a bush from a cutting and compliance with agrotechnology rules, the survival rate is about 90%, high quality plants are practically guaranteed. There is the ability to control the development of grapes at all stages.
Under the compliance with the Rules of Agrotechnology, the survival rate is about 100%. Saplings must be healthy. Pay attention to the absence of fuses, growths and other signs of diseases.
Features of cultivation
Brown grapes – unpretentious grade, so you do not need to observe any special agrotechnical moments. In order for the harvest to be high, you simply follow several steps of growing:
Grapes love loose, equipped with minerals soil, so before planting it is necessary to switch the selected area. Before landing seedlings in the ground, it is necessary to inspect the root system – it must be well developed, have from 2 root kidneys and 2-3 escapes.
Wells need to dig 0.8 m in the depth and 0.5-0.8 in diameter. Since the grapes do not like an excessive moisture, then the drenzha is laid out on the bottom of the pits, for example, from broken bricks. Drainage falls asleep with soft earth with a small slide, and only after that a seedlock is planted. Around the vine must be tamped to the earth so that in the future grapes did not lean. Scroll soil with one bucket of warm water.
The distance between the bushes should be 2-2.5 m, and between the rows of 3 m.
In order to 3 years old, the vine gives a signal harvest, it is necessary to take into account the set of factors – from the type of soil on the plot to the nearby plants.The best time for landing most varieties – autumn, and in the cold regions, preparations for landing start in August. Saplings are transferred to the ground at the end of September or in 1 decade of October. For autumn landing, only plants with ridiculous vines are suitable, with a developed root system and with 8-10 eyes.Tips for beginners will help to figure out the optimal schemes for the location of seedlings and cuttings, as well as in other subtleties of this process.
Type of soil
Grapes grown on sand, black earth and clay soils. For each of the options for the composition of the soil, the preparation process will noticeably differ.
Planting vegetative saplings
The basic rules are the same for weird and vegetable seedlings. Vegetable call seedlings obtained by a greenhouse.
Cuttings – processes without its own root system. They are always rooted in autumn. The procedure is starting after the foliage will be.
The following plants have a favorably affect grapes: Siderats, cucumbers, strawberries, onions and garlic, roses, Early grades of white cabbage and greens.
Flowers in grapes are crimshots of both sexes, pollination occurs uniform, so no additional pollination is required.
Pruning grapes occurs in several stages.
Spring trimming is carried out after melting of snow, when the air temperature warms over +5 degrees. Remove damaged and broken shoots.
Summer trim is necessary in order to remove extra shoots, branches that are not fruiting. And the leaves are cut down at the bottom of the vines and those that closed the bunches too much.
Autumn trimming is carried out after the vine will score all the leaves. It is necessary to remove extra shoots, those that fruited over 3 years and those that were susceptible to disease or pests.
So that the berries are large and juicy, it is necessary to organize a full watering and feeding. All standards need to be adjusted to weather conditions and the rate of evaporation of fluid.
With a frequent watering scheme, the moisturizing is recommended once every two weeks (that is, twice a month during flowering and the appearance of berries) so much so that the land is impregnated by 50 cm deep into the plant so that the plant does not switch to surface (dewn) roots. This amount can be reduced if the straw is mulching.
With a rare watering scheme, choosing the age and time of ripening grapes, you can use the standards presented in the table in another article.
Frost resistance and need for shelter
Frost resistance from this variety high to -25 degrees. Therefore, in the southern and central regions, there is no need for observer coverage. But in northern latitudes, where the temperature drops below -25, or sharp temperature differences are possible, it is worthwhile to cover all the vines.
Diseases and pests
This hybrid is well tolerates a number of diseases, he is not afraid of Oidium and Mildew. But still, in order to avoid fungal diseases, grapes should be sprayed, as he can get sulfur with gray rot.
The main pests of grapes are crimson are bees. The bees really like the taste of grapes, and because of them, the berries lose almost all their juiciness and begin to deteriorate. In order to protect the crop, it is worth using liquid smoke.
Overview of all diseases and pests
If grapes are exposed to any disease or insect, it is always reflected in its appearance. May suffer both separate parts of the plant and the whole culture as a whole.Grape kidneys are usually most of all suffer from leaf-making parasites.Berries damage mainly appear in the presence of fungal diseases. Leaves are always affected to a greater extent, many diseases are immediately recognized by them.
The most important feature of the disease is the presence of white fluffy wave in the lower part of the sheet plate.
Symptoms of the disease are manifested from the top of the sheet – yellow spots with an ash-gray bloom appear, even with a whitish tint.
Gray Gnil >>
The main signs of gray rot: the appearance on foliage and berries of brown spots and gray plaque, the occurrence of brown divorces and gray spraying on the vine.
On the leaves there are brown specks with dark color casing. Over time, due to the fact that the fabrics of the plant die, holes appear on the leaves.
Grapes have good transportation indicators. But if you do not comply with the rules of storage, then this culture begins to quickly deter.
In a cool and dry place, grapes can be stored from 2-3 weeks.