- Authors: USA
- Purpose: Universal
- Berry color: Navy blue
- Ripening time (filter): Medium Power
- Ripening time, days: 186
- Frost resistance, ° C: -thirty
- Synonyms names: Buls Sidling (Bull’s seedling), Varatura, Dalmadin (Dalmadin), Ripadela (Ripadella, Ripatella, Ripotella, Ripertella), FEKETE NAA (FEKEETE NOAH)
- Type of flower: Oboy
- Luna density: medium-power and dense
- Skin: Thick
See all the characteristics
Concord is a popular grape variety, which is highly valued for excellent taste and some features of agrotechnology. Attracts gardeners and high yields of plants. We will get acquainted with a variety of concord.
History of removal
For the first time presented grade was brought by US breeders. His “parents” are considered the varieties of catasta and vitis labrusca.
For a grade Concord characterized by a stripped vine of a liatovoid type. The sheet is large, slightly dissected and is richly covered with a pile at the bottom. Shoots ripen actively and at the same time.
Presented grade belongs to medium-time varieties, first berries can be caught 186 days after the blooming of the kidneys.
For bunches are characterized by a conical shape with one or two wings. Its density is average, the size is small, the weight is approximately 120 g.
Fruits have a dark blue thick skin, the flesh has a “fox” with aroma and is separated by the “bag”. In the form of berries rounded, size average.
Taste properties are estimated in different ways. Someone feels a bright Isabelite taste, someone feels strawberry notes, and for some it is simply shining sweet berries.
Concord refers to high-yielding varieties. Judging by the reviews of gardeners, from one bush you can get 6-8 vest.
Selecting planting material
Gardeners with experience recommend newcomers to take cuttings and seedlings for those who made them from their vine and is engaged in the production of such material professionally.
You can evaluate the quality that cuts a small amount of bark. When growing a bush from a cutting and compliance with agrotechnology rules, the survival rate is about 90%, high quality plants are practically guaranteed. There is the ability to control the development of grapes at all stages.
Under the compliance with the Rules of Agrotechnology, the survival rate is about 100%. Saplings must be healthy. Pay attention to the absence of fuses, growths and other signs of diseases.
Features of cultivation
Concord is very wounded by watering. So, it is important to climb the soil at the landing stage. However, during the mooring of the soil, problems may arise, for example, a plant disease. Therefore, when watering should comply with the Golden Middle. It is important to prevent the use of spraying agents.
The first feeding is made on the third year of life, usually grapes are recommended to make organic fertilizers. The next year, mineral supplements will be relevant, they are better to bring in the form of solutions.
And also care is important to regularly pour the soil around the bush.
Best culture will develop on light fertile soil. If landing is carried out on the poor, then when landing should be mixed with a layer of earth with overworked manure, broken brick and mineral mixtures.
For this variety, the landing pit is 100×100 cm. With a group landing, the distance between the seedlings should not be less than 2 m. If you have a drainage pipe when planning, it will simplify watering and fabric feeding processes.
In order to 3 years old, the vine gives a signal harvest, it is necessary to take into account the set of factors – from the type of soil on the plot to the nearby plants.The best time for landing most varieties – autumn, and in the cold regions, preparations for landing start in August. Saplings are transferred to the ground at the end of September or in 1 decade of October. For autumn landing, only plants with ridiculous vines are suitable, with a developed root system and with 8-10 eyes.Tips for beginners will help to figure out the optimal schemes for the location of seedlings and cuttings, as well as in other subtleties of this process.
Type of soil
Grapes grown on sand, black earth and clay soils. For each of the options for the composition of the soil, the preparation process will noticeably differ.
Planting vegetative saplings
The basic rules are the same for weird and vegetable seedlings. Vegetable call seedlings obtained by a greenhouse.
Cuttings – processes without its own root system. They are always rooted in autumn. The procedure is starting after the foliage will be.
The following plants have a favorably affect grapes: Siderats, cucumbers, strawberries, onions and garlic, roses, Early grades of white cabbage and greens.
Concord has a rolling type of flower, so it does not need the neighborhood of other varieties of pollinators.
Usually presented grades are grown by an arched method, so the formative trimming is carried out under the arch. However, the bush himself often grows in this way, it is laid by its nature, so the formative pruning is required not always, which cannot be said about the pruning of sanitary. In the fall, it is carried out 2-3 weeks after flying leaves, and in the spring – to the dissolution of the kidneys. During the event you need to remove dried, old or damaged branches.
So that the berries are large and juicy, it is necessary to organize a full watering and feeding. All standards need to be adjusted to weather conditions and the rate of evaporation of fluid.
With a frequent watering scheme, the moisturizing is recommended once every two weeks (that is, twice a month during flowering and the appearance of berries) so much so that the land is impregnated by 50 cm deep into the plant so that the plant does not switch to surface (dewn) roots. This amount can be reduced if the straw is mulching.
With a rare watering scheme, choosing the age and time of ripening grapes, you can use the standards presented in the table in another article.
Frost resistance and need for shelter
The grade has a high frost resistance, it is capable of withstanding the temperature to -30 degrees.
Diseases and pests
Mushrooms are infrequently affected by the concorded grade, but the stability of the culture to Mildya is estimated at 3 points, it means that you need to take care of the protection of the plant from this ailment. Fungicides are suitable for processing. But the wasa plant is not terrible, since they are not interested in dense skin with waxing.
Overview of all diseases and pests
If grapes are exposed to any disease or insect, it is always reflected in its appearance. May suffer both separate parts of the plant and the whole culture as a whole.Grape kidneys are usually most of all suffer from leaf-making parasites.Berries damage mainly appear in the presence of fungal diseases. Leaves are always affected to a greater extent, many diseases are immediately recognized by them.
The most important feature of the disease is the presence of white fluffy wave in the lower part of the sheet plate.
Symptoms of the disease are manifested from the top of the sheet – yellow spots with an ash-gray bloom appear, even with a whitish tint.
Gray Gnil >>
The main signs of gray rot: the appearance on foliage and berries of brown spots and gray plaque, the occurrence of brown divorces and gray spraying on the vine.
On the leaves there are brown specks with dark color casing. Over time, due to the fact that the fabrics of the plant die, holes appear on the leaves.
Breakies are long stored both on the bush and in the cellar. After cleaning, it is important to decompose the harvest in the boxes and remove into the cellar, in this form they are able to fly 30-60 days without loss of the product. Berries when lying even improve taste. The bunches of this variety and good transportation are distinguished.