Grapes Charlie

  • Authors: Pavlovsky Evgeny Georgievich
  • Purpose: Table
  • Berry color: black
  • Taste: harmonious
  • Ripening time (filter): Early
  • Frost resistance, ° C: -24
  • Synonyms names: Anthracite
  • Weight bunchy, g: 600-800
  • Type of flower: Oboy
  • Sorrow: No

See all the characteristics

A large-scale unpretentious hybrid with high resistance to frosts became a favorite at the gardeners of many regions of our country. Its good acclimatization with proper agrotechnology allows the variety to decorate the table with its beautiful bunches of juicy sweet berries.

History of removal

The author of Charlie’s table grape variety (synonym Anthracite) is the national breeder of Pavlovsky Evgeny Georgievich, who has been cooperating with Vnieviv. I. AND. Potapenko. On the task of the research institute Pavlovsky for many years of cooperation experienced many varieties on its plot. Charlie became the result of crossing two varieties Nadezhda Azos and Victoria. In this Duet Victoria, an older companion, her appearance accounted for the middle of the 20th century. Nadezhda Azos is a little younger, the date of her birth is the 80s of the same century.

Geography distribution

The descendant of famous progenitors was tested in gentle conditions, in the south of Belarus. However, the birth in the warmth climate did not prevent him from mastering moderate latitudes, and he fell in love with the gardeners of almost all regions of Russia, not counting the Polaria. Although who knows, most likely, and there, someone in the greenhouse, he is not happy under the rays of an artificial sun and gives the owners not only with vitamins, but also wonderful juices and wine.

Thanks to such qualities as resistance to freezers and diseases, the geography of the distribution of Charlie covers almost all climatic zones and regions of the country:

  • tropical;
  • subtropical;
  • moderate.

Transferring regions mastered Charlie grapes, will take a lot of space. Here are just some of them:

  • Altai and Adygea;
  • Buryatia and Kalmykia;
  • Dagestan and Karelia;
  • Krasnodar and Krasnoyarsk;
  • Astrakhan and Irkutsk regions.

It is only a small part of the habitat of Charlie. As can be seen from the geographical diversity of regions, its life resistance made it possible to expand the agricultural area from almost the entire territory of the Russian Federation.

Description

For the Charlie table variety is characterized by the average germ of bushes with a powerful vine that matting throughout the length. Bushes are prone to branches – even young plants are able to give life up to 40 shoots with good vitality. Foliage and shoots painted in a juicy green gamut, saturated shades. Grade has excellent product views and transportability.

Patthawless, slightly lowered medium-sized sheet has an average dissection. Wrinkled surface covered with shallow grid. The most bright organoleptic qualities are revealed in areas with a short summer period. Amazing vitality of the variety allows him to quickly recover after injury during frost, shower, strong winds. With high-quality agrotechnik, the bush is able to please the owner for the second year, giving him up to 4 brushes of full-fledged varietal grapes.

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Ripening time

Breeders include grades to early or medium, since the aging period is 105-115 days, depending on the climatic segration area. The full maturity of the brush occurs at the beginning or in mid-August, while it is necessary to remember that the berries take a saturated color a little earlier than real ripeness. It’s all about the characteristic feature of the grade – he is gaining sugarstivity for a long time, and if you give it time, the indicators grow up to 22 percent.

Brozdi

The grade is almost no meal, all the berries are uniform in size, tightly attached to the branch. Large middle brushes have a conical form, but may have an incorrect abis, length – up to 40 cm. The average weight of the brush is kept in the area of ​​600-800 grams, but also one and a half or two kilograms are not rare and champion. Good conditions gave large sizes of bunches.

Berries

The fleshy fruits in dense leather with a juicy pulp painted in black and rich dark blue palette. Berry shape – oval, size – large, weight – 7-10 grams. The number of grains is limited – no more than 3 pieces.

Taste

Taste harmonious, evaluation on a decade-bully system – 8.4. As soon as a fearful flavor, not everyone likes, but, according to specialists, he disappears after reaching a three-year-old bush. Part of the gardeners argues – if you give a bunch to hang on the vine, then the taste leaves. Some seize in this direct dependence on the soil composition. In a word, “Parenomy” manifests itself not always, but many use this variety only for wine making.

Yield

Adult bush gives up to 20 kilograms of excellent berries. Perspective yield – 140 centners from one hectare.

Selecting planting material

Gardeners with experience recommend newcomers to take cuttings and seedlings for those who made them from their vine and is engaged in the production of such material professionally.

Cherenci

You can evaluate the quality that cuts a small amount of bark. When growing a bush from a cutting and compliance with agrotechnology rules, the survival rate is about 90%, high quality plants are practically guaranteed. There is the ability to control the development of grapes at all stages.

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Saplings

Under the compliance with the Rules of Agrotechnology, the survival rate is about 100%. Saplings must be healthy. Pay attention to the absence of fuses, growths and other signs of diseases.

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Features of cultivation

Good yield and successful growing vines directly depend on proper landing and compliance with agrotechnical techniques. Each Escape forms up to 7 brushes, but it is recommended to leave no more than 2, otherwise the bush will be overloaded, and the harvest does not always achieve technical and physiological ripeness.

Read more  Grapes Rhombik

Landing

Planting seedlings are held in early spring or late autumn (April-May, October-November), during the absence of a downgrade. Placed on solar areas protected from wind, avoiding swampy soils, away from crops requiring regular abundant irrigation.

Landing

In order to 3 years old, the vine gives a signal harvest, it is necessary to take into account the set of factors – from the type of soil on the plot to the nearby plants.The best time for landing most varieties – autumn, and in the cold regions, preparations for landing start in August. Saplings are transferred to the ground at the end of September or in 1 decade of October. For autumn landing, only plants with ridiculous vines are suitable, with a developed root system and with 8-10 eyes.Tips for beginners will help to figure out the optimal schemes for the location of seedlings and cuttings, as well as in other subtleties of this process.

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Type of soil

Grapes grown on sand, black earth and clay soils. For each of the options for the composition of the soil, the preparation process will noticeably differ.

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Planting vegetative saplings

The basic rules are the same for weird and vegetable seedlings. Vegetable call seedlings obtained by a greenhouse.

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Landing Cherenkov

Cuttings – processes without its own root system. They are always rooted in autumn. The procedure is starting after the foliage will be.

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Plants-neighbors

The following plants have a favorably affect grapes: Siderats, cucumbers, strawberries, onions and garlic, roses, Early grades of white cabbage and greens.

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Pollination

Owned flowering grape allows you to do without additional pollination.

Trimming

The tendency of the bush to the extension of shoots, leading to thickening, forces 3-one cropping annually: in the spring, summer, in the fall. In the spring, weak and damaged branches are removed, in the summer – stepsing, in the fall – extra eyes.

Watering

Six-colored moderate watering over ring grooves depth of 20 centimeters are carried out in compliance with the cost of consumption – 14-15 liters on the bush.

Watering schemes

So that the berries are large and juicy, it is necessary to organize a full watering and feeding. All standards need to be adjusted to weather conditions and the rate of evaporation of fluid.

Fresh iris

With a frequent watering scheme, the moisturizing is recommended once every two weeks (that is, twice a month during flowering and the appearance of berries) so much so that the land is impregnated by 50 cm deep into the plant so that the plant does not switch to surface (dewn) roots. This amount can be reduced if the straw is mulching.

Read more  Grapes Amirkhan

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Rare Polish

With a rare watering scheme, choosing the age and time of ripening grapes, you can use the standards presented in the table in another article.

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Subordinate

Powerful vine requires regular feeding with organic and mineral fertilizers. Feeding makes in the grooves at a depth of 30 cm. Distance from the trunk – at least 40 centimeters.

Frost resistance and need for shelter

Despite the excellent tolerance of low temperatures, in moderate latitudes, the grade needs shelter for the winter period. For this, the vine is removed from the choplars, flex to the ground and sprinkle brought or taken from the riveted ground. You cannot take the soil from under the bush – the roots will remain unprotected.

Diseases and pests

The variety is resistant to various diseases such as Mildew and Oidium, it almost does not affect rot, anthracnose and chlorosis. However, in prevention, it needs, like all kinds of grapes. This treatment with antifungal drugs. Birds belong to the berries of this variety with a big pitue, so many gardeners protect it a small-scale network serving a barrier for feathery. From OS spray insecticidal preparations.

Overview of all diseases and pests

If grapes are exposed to any disease or insect, it is always reflected in its appearance. May suffer both separate parts of the plant and the whole culture as a whole.Grape kidneys are usually most of all suffer from leaf-making parasites.Berries damage mainly appear in the presence of fungal diseases. Leaves are always affected to a greater extent, many diseases are immediately recognized by them.

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Mildu >>

The most important feature of the disease is the presence of white fluffy wave in the lower part of the sheet plate.

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Oidium >>

Symptoms of the disease are manifested from the top of the sheet – yellow spots with an ash-gray bloom appear, even with a whitish tint.

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Gray Gnil >>

The main signs of gray rot: the appearance on foliage and berries of brown spots and gray plaque, the occurrence of brown divorces and gray spraying on the vine.

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Antraznosis >>

On the leaves there are brown specks with dark color casing. Over time, due to the fact that the fabrics of the plant die, holes appear on the leaves.

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Storage

The grade does not lose commodity and organoleptic qualities for a long time, it is well stored in the cool room, so it is subject to realization even in the regions remote from places.

Review reviews

Judging by the reviews, even the “loaded” bush is able to pull out technical and physiological ripeness with good suacharist and taste. Unfortunately, many negatively belong to the Pacinal Tribus, but it does not prevent growing grade for the manufacture of wine. Most gardeners celebrate decorative qualities Charlie.

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