- Authors: New York State Experimental Agricultural Station, Cornell University, USA
- Purpose: Universal
- Berry color: black
- Taste: Strawberry
- Ripening time (filter): Rannestered
- Frost resistance, ° C: -27
- Synonyms names: Buffalo Muskat (Buffalo Muskat), Earley Stuben, Fiorito (Fiorito), New York 10830 (New York 10830)
- Yield: 100-120 c / ha
- Type of flower: Oboy
- Luna density: Rhyley
See all the characteristics
Foreign grape varieties are as popular among gardeners, as well as domestic. One of the representatives of foreign selection is Buffalo grapes. In this article, consider the features of the variety, yield, taste of berries, frost resistance, and also storage time.
History of removal
In 1938, a new hybrid of Buffalo was introduced on the territory of the experimental agricultural station in the Cornell University of New York. Grapes of Herbert and Watkins consider the parental pair of hybrid. The name of the grape was given in honor of the city located in the state of New York. Purpose of the hybrid – universal variety.
Grapes Buffalo refers to the mid-grade. The bushes are stronger, although compared to other varieties may seem small. Vine matures completely, the color is bright, a rich brown shade. Leaves from Lose large, green, division on the blades is practically absent, in shape resembles a wedge-shaped. There are use of edging and low downgrades.
Blossom begins in May, and the full ripening of fruits has to be 1-2 week of September.
Brozdi conical shape, there are looseness. On average, the weight of one cluster varies from 0.5-0.8 kg.
Berries in size average, in the form of oval. Tint black, there is a small fallow. Leather elastic, does not burst. Meat juicy (with full aging). Weight of one berry 6-8 g.
Taste saturated, there is a strawberry aftertaste. The percentage of sugar is 21, but acidity varies from 5 to 10 g / dm3. Many gardeners note that when not complete ripening berries is significantly acute.
The yield is good from one bush can be collected 50-60 kg of berries. With good agrotechnical maintenance up to 100 kg. On plantations harvesting is 100-120 c / ha.
Selecting planting material
Gardeners with experience recommend newcomers to take cuttings and seedlings for those who made them from their vine and is engaged in the production of such material professionally.
You can evaluate the quality that cuts a small amount of bark. When growing a bush from a cutting and compliance with agrotechnology rules, the survival rate is about 90%, high quality plants are practically guaranteed. There is the ability to control the development of grapes at all stages.
Under the compliance with the Rules of Agrotechnology, the survival rate is about 100%. Saplings must be healthy. Pay attention to the absence of fuses, growths and other signs of diseases.
Features of cultivation
Looking in grape saplings Buffalo stands on the south side of the site. It is necessary to arrange a small holmik so that the water around the seedlings did not accumulate. This hybrid does not like much wet soil. Earth must be loose, sublinous. The plot must be equipped with useful minerals.
In the northern regions it is better to choose little blown plots.
Observe also stands a graph of watering and feeding. It is necessary to feed in the spring, in a period of ripening and fruiting, and in front of wintering.
On time to confuse extra shoots and carry out preventive work from pests.
Grapes grow well on the place where zucchini or radishes previously grew.
Before landing seedlings, you need to prepare well. Dig a hole with a size of 0.8 m in the depth and 0.5 m in diameter. Drainage is laid on the bottom. It is necessary so that the roots are not very touching with groundwater. On top of the drainage, the earth is laid out in front of fertilizers, it can be humus or manure, as well as useful minerals. Then seedlings are planted. It is worth paying attention to how the root system is well developed, it should have at least 3 kidneys and 2 escapes. You need to dig a seedling so that the roasting neck remains above the ground. After the land around the branch, the branches are tamped and abundantly shed water.
The distance between the bushes should be 1-1.5 m, and between rows 2 m.
In order to 3 years old, the vine gives a signal harvest, it is necessary to take into account the set of factors – from the type of soil on the plot to the nearby plants.The best time for landing most varieties – autumn, and in the cold regions, preparations for landing start in August. Saplings are transferred to the ground at the end of September or in 1 decade of October. For autumn landing, only plants with ridiculous vines are suitable, with a developed root system and with 8-10 eyes.Tips for beginners will help to figure out the optimal schemes for the location of seedlings and cuttings, as well as in other subtleties of this process.
Type of soil
Grapes grown on sand, black earth and clay soils. For each of the options for the composition of the soil, the preparation process will noticeably differ.
Planting vegetative saplings
The basic rules are the same for weird and vegetable seedlings. Vegetable call seedlings obtained by a greenhouse.
Cuttings – processes without its own root system. They are always rooted in autumn. The procedure is starting after the foliage will be.
The following plants have a favorably affect grapes: Siderats, cucumbers, strawberries, onions and garlic, roses, Early grades of white cabbage and greens.
Flowers at grapes Buffalo of both sexes, so no additional pollination is required.
Pruning needed twice the season. On the autumn, all the vines are cut off, which fruited more than 2 years and those shoots that do not be fruit. And also remove damaged branches. Autumn trimming occurs after all the leaves fell.
In the spring, pruning immediately after the snow melted. Broken branches are removed and those that did not move after winter.
In the summer, Vine has greatly produces leaves, so it is necessary to remove the foliage in a timely manner, which overlaps a bunch from sunlight.
So that the berries are large and juicy, it is necessary to organize a full watering and feeding. All standards need to be adjusted to weather conditions and the rate of evaporation of fluid.
With a frequent watering scheme, the moisturizing is recommended once every two weeks (that is, twice a month during flowering and the appearance of berries) so much so that the land is impregnated by 50 cm deep into the plant so that the plant does not switch to surface (dewn) roots. This amount can be reduced if the straw is mulching.
With a rare watering scheme, choosing the age and time of ripening grapes, you can use the standards presented in the table in another article.
Frost resistance and need for shelter
Frost resistance in this hybrid -27 degrees, which allows in the southern regions to additionally not to cover the bushes. But in the central and northern regions, where there are sharp differences of temperature, it is necessary to remove the vines from the choler and to stream them to the agrofluorine.
Diseases and pests
Buffalo grapes are resistant to the most common fungal diseases, but still it costs a preventive spraying for the season.
The main pests of grapes are the wasps, birds, ticks, as well as leaflers and beetles.
Some eaten berries, others – young shoots. To fight pests, it is necessary to spend timely spraying. Drugs with mites are suitable with sulfur content. Lapticket does not like insecticides. With OSSs, you can cope with garden wrair or special smoke raids. Small mesh helps from birds.
Overview of all diseases and pests
If grapes are exposed to any disease or insect, it is always reflected in its appearance. May suffer both separate parts of the plant and the whole culture as a whole.Grape kidneys are usually most of all suffer from leaf-making parasites.Berries damage mainly appear in the presence of fungal diseases. Leaves are always affected to a greater extent, many diseases are immediately recognized by them.
The most important feature of the disease is the presence of white fluffy wave in the lower part of the sheet plate.
Symptoms of the disease are manifested from the top of the sheet – yellow spots with an ash-gray bloom appear, even with a whitish tint.
Gray Gnil >>
The main signs of gray rot: the appearance on foliage and berries of brown spots and gray plaque, the occurrence of brown divorces and gray spraying on the vine.
On the leaves there are brown specks with dark color casing. Over time, due to the fact that the fabrics of the plant die, holes appear on the leaves.
You can store grapes in a dark and cool place, for example, in the basement. Temperature should be zero to +2 degrees. Shelf life 1 month.