- Authors: FGBNA Federal Scientific Center named and.IN. Michurina
- Purpose: Table
- Berry color: White with a pinkish tint
- Taste: simple
- With bones: Yes
- Ripening time (filter): Very early
- Ripening time, days: 110
- Frost resistance, ° C: -25
- Synonyms names: Olga
- Weight bunchy, g: 250
See all the characteristics
Popular table grapes of the Beauty of the North, also known under Olga, managed to attract the attention of the nose with its outstanding qualities. He fertures one of the first in the garden, not afraid of cold and drought, high humidity. The beauty of the North is highly appreciated and amateurs, and viticulture professionals.
History of removal
The variety was received by FGBNU specialists. AND. IN. Michurina in 1976, until 1994 passed state varieties, was then introduced to the State Register. When it is removed, parent plants have been used in the North and Taife Pink. Grapes are zoned for the Central Black Earth Region. The initial name Olga was given by spouse-breeders, but later changed to the beauty of the north.
Grapes strong-resistant, with large, very poorly sowed from bottom to leaves. Vine agrees well, up to 90-95% of the total weight of escapes. The increase in the year can be 3 m. Brown vine, strong, strong.
The variety belongs to very early, ripens in 110 days with the amount of active temperatures above 2,200 degrees Celsius. On average, the collection starts at the end of August.
In the form of a brush conical, branched, can have an average density or be loose. The middle mass of the cluster reaches 250 g.
The beauty of the North is fruits large berries of a weakly form collected on the brushes. White skin, with a pinkish tint, meal juicy and fleshy, inside there are 2-4 bones.
General tasting assessment is 8 points. The taste of the berry itself is simple, sweet, with a ratio of acidity 5.4 g / dm3 and sugar in the range of 160-170 g / dm3. It is well suited for fresh use. Skin has a slightly herbal taste with a tint of tartness.
Grapes high-yielding. With a bush collect at least 10 kg of ripe berries.
Selecting planting material
Gardeners with experience recommend newcomers to take cuttings and seedlings for those who made them from their vine and is engaged in the production of such material professionally.
You can evaluate the quality that cuts a small amount of bark. When growing a bush from a cutting and compliance with agrotechnology rules, the survival rate is about 90%, high quality plants are practically guaranteed. There is the ability to control the development of grapes at all stages.
Under the compliance with the Rules of Agrotechnology, the survival rate is about 100%. Saplings must be healthy. Pay attention to the absence of fuses, growths and other signs of diseases.
Features of cultivation
The varieties are grown on sandy and squeaned soils, characterized by increased moisture permeability. As you grow a young vine, you will need a garter. Steying over 1 or 2 sheets are removed. Trelliers are better installed immediately, in 3-4 rows, it is especially important when trench fit.
Optimal for the beauty of the North is the landing of bushes according to a circuit 2 × 3 m, each plant needs at least 6 m2 of its own space. When choosing a place, preference is given to very solar sites devoid of shadow. A variety of contraindicated accommodation in lowlands, as well as on the northern slopes or at the roads. Rows of plants are located towards from north to south, providing them to obtain the maximum amount of sunlight during the day.
In the cold regions, landing is recommended by trench method, to protect against frosts. In this case, the depth of the RVA is made in the range of 30-40 cm. Inside the pits 80 × 80 cm with a distance of 2 m. They are struck by slate chicks or boards, drain in the bottom area, plucked by a layer of chips and branches. The optimal composition of the soil when landing: 2-3 buckets of humus, 300 g of superphosphate, 5 kg of wood ash, popped garden earth.
The optimal deadlines for the transfer of plants to the open ground – 1 decade of June, when they are no longer threatened by return freezers. Roots are removed from the packaging, slightly shake, plants put on the pit. Then the trench falls asleep ground so that about 30-40 cm remained to the edges, slightly compacted. Each plant is watering 2 buckets of water.
In order to 3 years old, the vine gives a signal harvest, it is necessary to take into account the set of factors – from the type of soil on the plot to the nearby plants.The best time for landing most varieties – autumn, and in the cold regions, preparations for landing start in August. Saplings are transferred to the ground at the end of September or in 1 decade of October. For autumn landing, only plants with ridiculous vines are suitable, with a developed root system and with 8-10 eyes.Tips for beginners will help to figure out the optimal schemes for the location of seedlings and cuttings, as well as in other subtleties of this process.
Type of soil
Grapes grown on sand, black earth and clay soils. For each of the options for the composition of the soil, the preparation process will noticeably differ.
Planting vegetative saplings
The basic rules are the same for weird and vegetable seedlings. Vegetable call seedlings obtained by a greenhouse.
Cuttings – processes without its own root system. They are always rooted in autumn. The procedure is starting after the foliage will be.
The following plants have a favorably affect grapes: Siderats, cucumbers, strawberries, onions and garlic, roses, Early grades of white cabbage and greens.
Cross pollination is not required. The grade gives rope flowers, providing him with a fairly intensive formation of the barring.
Due to the small percentage of fruitless shoots – no more than 40-45%, the cutting of grapes is carried out with preservation of 8-10 peels. Bushes form on a fan principle, with 4 main sleeves. Spring is conducted under the spring. Old vines are shortened stronger, up to 6-8 eyes. In general, the bush should have no more than 40 shoots – 1 on the brush.
Plants require abundant irrigation, especially at the beginning of the summer. The soil is recommended to maintain a wet. Choose for watering better time at dawn or after sunset, avoiding droplets of moisture on the leaves. Over the rest, it is recommended to use drip irrigation in the vineyard.
So that the berries are large and juicy, it is necessary to organize a full watering and feeding. All standards need to be adjusted to weather conditions and the rate of evaporation of fluid.
With a frequent watering scheme, the moisturizing is recommended once every two weeks (that is, twice a month during flowering and the appearance of berries) so much so that the land is impregnated by 50 cm deep into the plant so that the plant does not switch to surface (dewn) roots. This amount can be reduced if the straw is mulching.
With a rare watering scheme, choosing the age and time of ripening grapes, you can use the standards presented in the table in another article.
The beauty of the North is although it is considered an unpretentious grape variety, still needs careful care. The bushes require root and extractive feeding. The first comes to early spring, as soon as the protective shelter layers are removed. In the vineyard, the grooves in which nitrogen, potash and phosphoric fertilizers are laid in the amount of 50/30/40.
Closer to flowering, approximately 10 days before it started, brought under each bush on a bucket of a liquid chicken litter solution. It is added to it 20 g of superphosphate and the same potash salt. Completes the procedure abundant irrigation. Feeding repeat after the formation of a berry size with a pea. During their ripening, potash-phosphoric mixtures in granules are introduced during their ripening of the bushes, as well as performing extractive watering by universal complexes of trace elements.
Frost resistance and need for shelter
Frost resistance indicators low, grapes withstands the decrease in atmospheric temperatures to the level – 25 degrees. In the shelter for the winter needs.
Diseases and pests
In terms of resistance to diseases, the variety demonstrates quite good results. He is susceptible to Oidium and Mildew, requires preventive treatment with fungicidal compositions. Spring spend spraying with a solution of colloidal sulfur and burglar liquid. To the gray rot, the variety is stable. Against the philloxers need treatment only in the southern regions, in the north of the bushes it is not amazed.
Among the pests the greatest interest in this variety of grapes show the wasps and hornets. Special traps are used against them, as well as protective bags on the brushes.
Overview of all diseases and pests
If grapes are exposed to any disease or insect, it is always reflected in its appearance. May suffer both separate parts of the plant and the whole culture as a whole.Grape kidneys are usually most of all suffer from leaf-making parasites.Berries damage mainly appear in the presence of fungal diseases. Leaves are always affected to a greater extent, many diseases are immediately recognized by them.
The most important feature of the disease is the presence of white fluffy wave in the lower part of the sheet plate.
Symptoms of the disease are manifested from the top of the sheet – yellow spots with an ash-gray bloom appear, even with a whitish tint.
Gray Gnil >>
The main signs of gray rot: the appearance on foliage and berries of brown spots and gray plaque, the occurrence of brown divorces and gray spraying on the vine.
On the leaves there are brown specks with dark color casing. Over time, due to the fact that the fabrics of the plant die, holes appear on the leaves.
The variety is well stored. When standing on the bushes for a long time, it does not deteriorate even with high atmospheric humidity.
According to most owners, the grapes of the Sea of the North fully complies with the description given by the breeders. The variety is successfully cultivated even in Omsk, due to the short time of ripening, he has time to achieve ripeness to cold. Soreness is not too noticeable, and the average weight of the brushes in most bushes reaches 500 g. It is noted that the berry in the sun acquire a brownish tan. In general, the impression is quite positive, in the central regions of Russia, the beauty of the North is grown even without shelter for the winter.
Many grapes refuse to grow this variety due to its exposure to mushroom diseases, in particular, Mildew. And it is also mentioned that with high humidity of the air, the berries demonstrate the tendency to cracking. Resistant grapes even build visors over bushes to protect against excess moisture. And also not too satisfied the owners with a small content of sugar.