- Authors: E.G. Pavlovsky
- Purpose: Table
- Berry color: Dark purple
- Taste: harmonious
- Ripening time (filter): Early
- Ripening time, days: 105-115
- Frost resistance, ° C: -23
- Synonyms names: In 9-1
- Weight bunchy, g: 500-1000
- Type of flower: Oboy
See all the characteristics
Baikonur grapes – relatively young minor table. In a short time, gained popularity in the medium of grapes. The variety is characterized by high yield, decorative beauty and the disheighted taste of large fruit. The equally successfully grown by Baikonur in private areas and industrial vineyards in many regions of Russia.
History of removal
The variety has existed since 2012 due to the efforts of Pavlovsky’s Enthusiast Breakinger. G. The hybrid appeared as the fruit of the crossing of two popular grape varieties – pollination of the talisman of pollen beauty. Another variety name – B-9-1. Donors handed over the best qualities. Talisman grows almost throughout Russia, because it is able to ripen even for a short summer and under the weather. Popularity has gained popularity thanks to a pleasant taste and large grapes. Parental grade beauty is distinguished by an excellent productive view, its fruits are well transferred to transportation at any distances.
High-speed grapes with powerful shoots gives high yield. Can multiply with cuttings as a cornescoatous plant or by vaccinating other bushes. Already from a 3-year-old bush, strong shoots are deployed, which can grow up to 4 meters in length. Buste High Decorative Characteristics – Lush Deep Green Refrigerant.
Early term – 105-115 days after the vegetation.
Baikonur gives the vintage of the magnificent brushes of medium density and looseness. Cylindroconic or conical shape, weight in the range of 500-1000 g. The weight depends on the term of the appearance of the covers, the first weigh to 500 g, and later – about 1 kg.
The fruits are characterized by dark purple coloring with dense skin. Form extended, downtown, weight of each grape about 11.4 g. Berries covers a thin wax layer of dark color. Inside there is up to 3 bones that are not always easily separated.
The flesh is dense, with a harmonious taste. Crispy during sovage. Sugarity juice within 20%. Fruit fragrance with the complete absence of a typical grapes of a nutmess. Small acidity, but its level is enough to include Baikonur to universal varieties.
Yield is considered high. The first berries ripen after 3.5 months from the moment of the dissolution of the kidneys, which allows you to count on the harvest with the onset of August, and sometimes even on the outcome of July. Ripening fruit stretches until the autumn arrival. Usually the covers appear a lot, the general mass of their weight requires grape gods for very strong trellis. Having stopped berries for a long time remain on the bushes, without forceing to urgent cleaning, without the loss of taste and commodity qualities.
Selecting planting material
Gardeners with experience recommend newcomers to take cuttings and seedlings for those who made them from their vine and is engaged in the production of such material professionally.
You can evaluate the quality that cuts a small amount of bark. When growing a bush from a cutting and compliance with agrotechnology rules, the survival rate is about 90%, high quality plants are practically guaranteed. There is the ability to control the development of grapes at all stages.
Under the compliance with the Rules of Agrotechnology, the survival rate is about 100%. Saplings should be healthy. Pay attention to the absence of fuses, growths and other signs of diseases.
Features of cultivation
Landing and care for Baikonur grapes are identical to manipulations with other representatives of this species. Features are only that culture grows very powerful.
Baikonuru need to grow in a sunny place protected from groove winds. Optimally, this should be the south-west side in the garden, a plot behind the sprawl trees, a wall of any high structure. Soil comes out, only not too wetlable, with good breathability and fertility, away from groundwater. Clay soils require refinement of peat and sand. In any soil in large quantities.
Planting time – Spring and autumn. In the landing point, a device 20 cm of the drain layer is carried out. The pit is digging at least 60 cm deep into the southern edges and 20 cm deeper in the regions located north. Deeper landing pits prepared in dry places. Appliances landing Standard, 2-3 kidneys remain above the earth.
Mighty bushes Baikonur need a distance between the bushes. It should be from 3 meters and more. Hybrid variety breeding well twisted. In the south and in the climate of the medium strip, the cultivation of seedlings from cuttings and the exercise of their direct landing in early spring in open ground.
In order to 3 years old, the vine gives a signal harvest, it is necessary to take into account the set of factors – from the type of soil on the plot to the nearby plants.The best time for landing most varieties – autumn, and in the cold regions, preparations for landing start in August. Saplings are transferred to the ground at the end of September or in 1 decade of October. For autumn landing, only plants with ridiculous vines are suitable, with a developed root system and with 8-10 eyes.Tips for beginners will help to figure out the optimal schemes for the location of seedlings and cuttings, as well as in other subtleties of this process.
Type of soil
Grapes grown on sand, black earth and clay soils. For each of the options for the composition of the soil, the preparation process will noticeably differ.
Planting vegetative saplings
The basic rules are the same for weird and vegetable seedlings. Vegetable call seedlings obtained by a greenhouse.
Cuttings – processes without its own root system. They are always rooted in autumn. The procedure is starting after the foliage will be.
The following plants have a favorably affect grapes: Siderats, cucumbers, strawberries, onions and garlic, roses, Early grades of white cabbage and greens.
Flowers at the Baikonur variety Obroat, there is no need for an additional pollinator.
Medium, short. Baikonur variety needs normalization. Qualified trimming is produced annually, contributing to the right formation and normalization of Clabdes on the bushes.
When landing and after it, culture requires abundant irrigation. It is desirable to install the irrigation pipe so that in the first couple of years to deliver water directly to the root zone. Baikonur needs enhanced watering, especially in dry times and at the stage of fruits. Watering stop 21 days before the collection of the first harvest, but in conditions of sultry summer it is possible to continue the weak irrigation. The fruits of this variety do not threaten cracking.
So that the berries are large and juicy, it is necessary to organize a full watering and feeding. All standards need to be adjusted to weather conditions and the rate of evaporation of fluid.
With a frequent watering scheme, the moisturizing is recommended once every two weeks (that is, twice a month during flowering and the appearance of berries) so much so that the land is impregnated by 50 cm deep into the plant so that the plant does not switch to surface (dewn) roots. This amount can be reduced if the straw is mulching.
With a rare watering scheme, choosing the age and time of ripening grapes, you can use the standards presented in the table in another article.
Mandatory measure is an annual feeder. In the spring in the pit, duck up near the bush, pumped humus and superphosphate. In the summer, ash is made in near the bush zone. After flowering, extractive feeders are made by fertilizer complexes.
The number of fertilizers introduced to the bottom of the pit can be slightly exceeded, especially if we are talking about wood ashes. When landing the roots of the seedling should remain in the soil not fertilized.
Frost resistance and need for shelter
Calmly transfers frost to -23 ° C. In shelter for the winter, vineyards do not need only in the most southern regions. Although the shelter is not labor. Installing in the land of the vine is applicable only in the northern regions, for example, in the Leningrad region and nearby latitudes.
Diseases and pests
Shows resistance to fungal diseases and damage to axes. At the moment, the variety is poorly understood regarding its incidence. Probabible surprises from Baikonur in some years and under different conditions.
Overview of all diseases and pests
If grapes are exposed to any disease or insect, it is always reflected in its appearance. May suffer both separate parts of the plant and the whole culture as a whole.Grape kidneys are usually most of all suffer from leaf-making parasites.Berries damage mainly appear in the presence of fungal diseases. Leaves are always affected to a greater extent, many diseases are immediately recognized by them.
The most important feature of the disease is the presence of white fluffy wave in the lower part of the sheet plate.
Symptoms of the disease are manifested from the top of the sheet – yellow spots with an ash-gray bloom appear, even with a whitish tint.
Gray Gnil >>
The main signs of gray rot: the appearance on foliage and berries of brown spots and gray plaque, the occurrence of brown divorces and gray spraying on the vine.
On the leaves there are brown specks with dark color casing. Over time, due to the fact that the fabrics of the plant die, holes appear on the leaves.
Berries are well under storage and demonstrate good transportability. Vinograda Baikonur without any problems are transported at considerable distances.
The saplings of Baikonur marked great demand, since the grade is high-yielding, and the berries themselves appetizing and delicious. In addition to consuming fresh, berries are ideally suited for winemaking due to high sugarness and certain acidity.
The freight type of varietal grapes causes interest to Him as dachean lovers and those who grow clusters with a commercial purpose.
For the moment of time, the variety is poorly studied. While he is impossible to give a full-fledged and detailed feature. According to the reviews of those who tried Baikonur grapes, mostly berries cause delight their taste. There are no clarifications about significant shortcomings.
The cultivation of this grape variety does not differ in complexity in comparison with any varietal grapes and is possible to most private agrarians with elementary experimental work.