- Purpose: Technical
- Berry color: yellow-green color with dark brown dots
- With bones: Yes
- Ripening time (filter): Rannestered
- Ripening time, days: 145
- Frost resistance, ° C: -twenty
- Synonyms names: Bonua (Beaunois), Vert Blanc (Vert Blanc), Giboudot Blanc, Gray Blanc (Griset Blanc), Carcarone, Melon De Jura (Melon de Jura), Muhranuli, Pistone, Plant Gris – Gray Plant), Troyen Blanc
- Weight bunchy, g: 103
- Yield: 4-6 kg with bush, 90-140 c / ha
- Type of flower: Oboy
See all the characteristics
Aligote (Aligote) refers to wine white varieties with a centuries-old history – he is at least 300 years. Appreciated in wine farms for unpretentiousness in cultivation. Resistance to diseases is low – 4 points, as well as in the damage to pests.
History of removal
The variety was removed in France for more than three centuries ago. DNA scientific studies recognized Pinot Sepazh’s parent varieties (now disappeared) and Gue Blanc. Aligote is rich in aromatic, taste notes in young wines, for which he, in fact, is intended, but also synonymic names:
Bonaua (Beaunois), Vert Blanc (Vert Blanc);
Giboudot Blanc, Gray Blanc (Griset Blanc), Carcarone;
Melon de Jura (Melon de Jura), Mukhranuli, Pistone, Plan Gris (Plant GRIS – Gray Plant), Troyen Blanc.
Grapes have a purely special purpose – as a material for young canteens, dry monkeeping wines, as well as for swimming with other varieties, for example, rising.
Aligote takes large areas in the USA, Australia, Europe – Burgundy, Chardonnia, Switzerland, Bulgaria, Romania, Ukraine, Georgia, in Russia – Crimea, Krasnodar Territory, Rostov region. But this is not all white grapes growing regions. He is well a familiar gardeners of the Urals and Southwestern Siberia.
Mattering strong bushes give a vine with good aging and 80% increase. Reddish brown annual shoots covered with low-solid five-pointed bright green foliage with gear border. By fall, the leaves change the color to lemon yellow. The berry is rich in various vitamins, amino acids, and is also an excellent antioxidant. In addition to winemaking, Aligote is good in preservation: juices, compotes, jams, jams.
The plant in maturation timing refers to medium, since the necessary SAT is 2766 necessary for it, approximately 145 days.
Dense cylindroconal clusses of small size have a middle mass of 103 grams.
The average largest rounded or round berries are painted in the yellow-green gamma with dark brown splashes. Juicy gentle flesh with 1-2 small bones surrounded by thin skin. Weight 1.8 grams, diameter 12-15 mm. Sugarity 143-231 g / dm³, acidity 7.5-10.4 g / dm³.
The variety has a common taste for white wine grapes – Sweet-tart with herbaceous and fruit shades.
Aligote Slory Crop Stability with Proper Agrotechnology. From the bush get from 4 to 6 kg, sometimes up to 10 kg of berries.
Selecting planting material
Gardeners with experience recommend newcomers to take cuttings and seedlings for those who made them from their vine and is engaged in the production of such material professionally.
You can evaluate the quality that cuts a small amount of bark. When growing a bush from a cutting and compliance with agrotechnology rules, the survival rate is about 90%, high quality plants are practically guaranteed. There is the ability to control the development of grapes at all stages.
Under the compliance with the Rules of Agrotechnology, the survival rate is about 100%. Saplings must be healthy. Pay attention to the absence of fuses, growths and other signs of diseases.
Features of cultivation
Aligote is characterized by unpretentiousness, high product and organoleptic qualities, but for its stable fruiting it is necessary to perform traditional measures for growing and care.
In the southern areas, seedlings are planted in spring and autumn, in regions with temperate climates – in the spring, as the soil warms up to +14.15 degrees. The variety prefers clean, light, neutral-acid chestnut or clay-lime soil, sunny plots protected from cold winds and drafts.
Standard pits: 80x80x80 cm with drainage 10-15-centimeter layer down. 30-40 cm with organic and mineral fertilizers enriched with organic and mineral fertilizers (korovyan, superphosphate, wood ash), after which seedlings are planted. Roots dip in the cowboy and clay cowboy, gently straighten over the surface, rush to the ground, leaving an open root neck. The rolling circle is spilled by two buckets of warm water, after a couple of days, the ground is loose and covered with a layer of mulch.
In order to 3 years old, the vine gives a signal harvest, it is necessary to take into account the set of factors – from the type of soil on the plot to the nearby plants.The best time for landing most varieties – autumn, and in the cold regions, preparations for landing start in August. Saplings are transferred to the ground at the end of September or in 1 decade of October. For autumn landing, only plants with ridiculous vines are suitable, with a developed root system and with 8-10 eyes.Tips for beginners will help to figure out the optimal schemes for the location of seedlings and cuttings, as well as in other subtleties of this process.
Type of soil
Grapes grown on sand, black earth and clay soils. For each of the options for the composition of the soil, the preparation process will noticeably differ.
Planting vegetative saplings
The basic rules are the same for weird and vegetable seedlings. Vegetable call seedlings obtained by a greenhouse.
Cuttings – processes without its own root system. They are always rooted in autumn. The procedure is starting after the foliage will be.
The following plants have a favorably affect grapes: Siderats, cucumbers, strawberries, onions and garlic, roses, Early grades of white cabbage and greens.
Owned bloom eliminates gardeners from additional pollination measures. The plant is perfect self-esteem.
A bush needs to be normalized – no more than 50 eyes, and trim – 10 kidneys.
Aligote needs a moderate watering with warm water in the evening no more than 2-3 times per season (during flowering, ripening berries, after harvest) under favorable weather conditions. In the arid period, the vine is watered when the foliage begins to brighten, the sheet is thinning, turns away. Moisture consumption of 50 liters per square meter or one bush.
So that the berries are large and juicy, it is necessary to organize a full watering and feeding. All standards need to be adjusted to weather conditions and the rate of evaporation of fluid.
With a frequent watering scheme, the moisturizing is recommended once every two weeks (that is, twice a month during flowering and the appearance of berries) so much so that the land is impregnated by 50 cm deep into the plant so that the plant does not switch to surface (dewn) roots. This amount can be reduced if the straw is mulching.
With a rare watering scheme, choosing the age and time of ripening grapes, you can use the standards presented in the table in another article.
Spring make nitrogen-phosphoric fertilizers, stimulating green masses, flowering and fruiting. In addition, during the vegetative season, the bushes require potassium feeding, as well as copper, iron, ammonia nitrate, wood ash.
Frost resistance and need for shelter
Aligote has a good frost resistance, up to -20ºC, but it can only winter in the southern climate. In cold areas, the vine is removed from the supports, bend to the ground, covered with a sweetheart, reed, straw, on top of agricultural. Where winter is especially frosty, on top of the snow.
Diseases and pests
The grade can be amazed by oidium, mildu, anthracnose, gray rot, stability 4 points (susceptibility) – strong tumor formation reaction. From pests for him, the web tick, wave, trips, Cherweans are especially dangerous for him. As prevention, spraying by fungicides, copper vitrios, insecticides.
Overview of all diseases and pests
If grapes are exposed to any disease or insect, it is always reflected in its appearance. May suffer both separate parts of the plant and the whole culture as a whole.Grape kidneys are usually most of all suffer from leaf-making parasites.Berries damage mainly appear in the presence of fungal diseases. Leaves are always affected to a greater extent, many diseases are immediately recognized by them.
The most important feature of the disease is the presence of white fluffy wave in the lower part of the sheet plate.
Symptoms of the disease are manifested from the top of the sheet – yellow spots with an ash-gray bloom appear, even with a whitish tint.
Gray Gnil >>
The main signs of gray rot: the appearance on foliage and berries of brown spots and gray plaque, the occurrence of brown divorces and gray spraying on the vine.
On the leaves there are brown specks with dark color casing. Over time, due to the fact that the fabrics of the plant die, holes appear on the leaves.
Store assembled harvest in cool premises with ventilation and moderate humidity.