Grapes Aleshhenkin

  • Authors: NS. E. Cehmistrenko (Volgograd Experimental Station)
  • Purpose: Table
  • Berry color: Amber with white raid
  • With bones: Yes
  • Ripening time (filter): Very early
  • Ripening time, days: 110-118
  • Frost resistance, ° C: -26
  • Synonyms names: Alyosha, Aleshin, Aleshenkin Dar, №328
  • Weight bunchy, g: 500
  • Yield: 8-10 kg with bush

See all the characteristics

Grape variety called Aleshenkin cultivated on the territory of Russia not the first year. Due to expressive taste, he got widespread and popularity.

History of removal

The dining room variety was removed in 1956. Her creator became the Russian academician Peter Efimovich Zehmistrenko (Volgograd Experienced Station). Grapes turned out by crossing the grapes of Madeleine Anhevin with pollen of other table species. The name of the variety was the name of the beloved grandson, synonyms: Alyosha, Aleshin, Aleshenkin Dar. And also this variety appropriated number №328.

Geography distribution

Culture feels great on the territory of southern latitudes. And also cultivated in regions with temperate climates. With proper care, you can get a good harvest in the suburbs.

Description

Foliage color – standard, rich green. Coloring berries – matte-gold. Despite the fact that the variety is considered a table and growing wonderful in warm weather conditions, it adapts great to cool climate. Proper care leads to the laying of fruit kidneys, and the fruits ripen early. And also does not have problems with pollination.

Ripening time

Grapes refers to very early. The process from the moment of bookmarking young kidneys to the full ripening of the berries takes from 110 to 118 days. This period directly depends on the region of the cultivation, weather conditions and care.

Brozdi

Breakdi have a conical form. Density indicator – medium. The average weight of a huge bunch – about 500 grams.

Berries

Ripe berries can be determined by amber color with a thin light bloom. Inside the middle sized bones (1-2 pieces). Sugar content – 200 grams per dm³. Acidness level ranges from 3 to 5 g / dm³. Skin dense and thin. With competent cultivation, the flesh becomes fleshy, moderately dense and crispy. Form – oval (in some sources weakly. Middle Weight of One Berries – 4.5 grams.

Taste

Fruits have a gentle and harmonious taste. And also there is a light taste of muscat. Tastors estimated a grade by 8.8 points at maximum 10. Such an assessment is considered high.

Yield

Aleshenkin’s grade was marked as high-yielding. From one bush of medium sized can be collected from 8 to 10 kilograms of fruits. Berries possess high transportable qualities.

Selecting planting material

Gardeners with experience recommend newcomers to take cuttings and seedlings for those who made them from their vine and is engaged in the production of such material professionally.

Cherenci

You can evaluate the quality that cuts a small amount of bark. When growing a bush from a cutting and compliance with agrotechnology rules, the survival rate is about 90%, high quality plants are practically guaranteed. There is the ability to control the development of grapes at all stages.

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Saplings

Under the compliance with the Rules of Agrotechnology, the survival rate is about 100%. Saplings must be healthy. Pay attention to the absence of fuses, growths and other signs of diseases.

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Features of cultivation

This type of fruit culture is considered unpretentious, because of which it can be grown in the regions with different climatic conditions. And this variety is suitable for novice gardeners who do not have experience in growing such cultures.

Landing

Specialists advise to grow fruit grade bushes in spring. Immediately after the soil warms up to +10 degrees Celsius. At the same time, the air temperature will range from +18 to +20 degrees of heat. Such weather conditions occur at different times of the year depending on the growing region. In the southern latitudes, the necessary weather conditions begin at the end of April. In the north is the middle or end of the last spring month.

Note: The quality of seedlings is of great importance in fruiting. Carefully appreciate it before landing. The trunk must be brown, and the location of the cut – light. Foliage should be smooth and smooth, without flaws. Various defects, such as highlights, may indicate diseases.

Landing

In order to 3 years old, the vine gives a signal harvest, it is necessary to take into account the set of factors – from the type of soil on the plot to the nearby plants.The best time for landing most varieties – autumn, and in the cold regions, preparations for landing start in August. Saplings are transferred to the ground at the end of September or in 1 decade of October. For autumn landing, only plants with ridiculous vines are suitable, with a developed root system and with 8-10 eyes.Tips for beginners will help to figure out the optimal schemes for the location of seedlings and cuttings, as well as in other subtleties of this process.

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Type of soil

Grapes grown on sand, black earth and clay soils. For each of the options for the composition of the soil, the preparation process will noticeably differ.

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Planting vegetative saplings

The basic rules are the same for weird and vegetable seedlings. Vegetable call seedlings obtained by a greenhouse.

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Landing Cherenkov

Cuttings – processes without its own root system. They are always rooted in autumn. The procedure is starting after the foliage will be.

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Plants-neighbors

The following plants have a favorably affect grapes: Siderats, cucumbers, strawberries, onions and garlic, roses, Early grades of white cabbage and greens.

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Pollination

The type of flower is obo, so one of the main features of this variety – self-pollination.

Trimming

Optimal load on one bush – from 35 to 40 kidneys. To support such an indicator, in the spring performing forming trimming. Crouchped the scratched kidneys for 3-9 eyes. This procedure will help to achieve high yield. The plant will spend strength and useful elements not on the vine, and fruit.

And also need to periodically delete extra inflorescences. So that the berries are ripe at the same time, you need to maintain the optimal amount of inflorescences. One inflorescence. Many gardeners remove flowers from the bottom with scissors.

With the arrival of summer around the brushes cut off excess foliage. They impede the sunlight in which berries need ripening. Dry branches and leaves are deleted in early March. They will negatively affect the development of the bush, taking important nutritional components.

Bushes of this variety need to be updated approximately every 5-6 years. Gardeners advise on the most strong and young escape to leave only 9 eyes with the onset of spring. As soon as a new sleeve is formed, old need to cut the whole, under the very stump. Fresh slice should be processed using a special garden bot.

Watering

Young bush need to irrigate every week for a month. Under one bush poured 20 liters of water indoor or warm temperature. The frequency of watering decreases next month – the same volume of water is used every 14 days. With the arrival of the third month (as in the next months), grapes watered just once a month.

The frequency and abundance of irrigation depends on weather conditions and no different from such a procedure for other varieties.

Watering schemes

So that the berries are large and juicy, it is necessary to organize a full watering and feeding. All standards need to be adjusted to weather conditions and the rate of evaporation of fluid.

Fresh iris

With a frequent watering scheme, the moisturizing is recommended once every two weeks (that is, twice a month during flowering and the appearance of berries) so much so that the land is impregnated by 50 cm deep into the plant so that the plant does not switch to surface (dewn) roots. This amount can be reduced if the straw is mulching.

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Rare Polish

With a rare watering scheme, choosing the age and time of ripening grapes, you can use the standards presented in the table in another article.

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Subordinate

Experienced gardeners recommend combining irrigation with making feed. So that the green mass of Aleshhenkin’s grapes developed actively, in the process of spring watering you need to add nitrogen to the ground: 40 grams of urea use 10 liters of water. The resulting composition is consumed on one bush. Another option to fertilize culture with organic tools: mix 100 grams of chicken litter with 10 liters of water.

And the variety will be useful to the grapes before flowering. You can prepare a solution of 20 grams of superphosphate and 5 grams of potassium salt. Then 5 kilograms of compost add under one bush. As soon as the harvest is assembled, a portion of potassium salt contribute to the ground – 5 grams of this product and 40 grams of dolomite flour are used to one bush.

Frost resistance and need for shelter

The variety is distinguished by high frost resistance – up to 26 degrees of frost. Grapes in the Orenburg region and in the nearby regions it is desirable to cover with the arrival of winter. Remove the protective shelter only after the frosts completely retreat.

Diseases and pests

The variety is inclined to fungal infections. And the plant is afraid of ticks and leaflers. To collect a rich harvest, you need to handle the plant twice a year – June and July. The following drugs are used: Fufanon, Topaz, Khorus. And also need to handle the vine with a burgundy fluid solution. Do it 3 times per season.

Overview of all diseases and pests

If grapes are exposed to any disease or insect, it is always reflected in its appearance. May suffer both separate parts of the plant and the whole culture as a whole.Grape kidneys are usually most of all suffer from leaf-making parasites.Berries damage mainly appear in the presence of fungal diseases. Leaves are always affected to a greater extent, many diseases are immediately recognized by them.

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Mildu >>

The most important feature of the disease is the presence of white fluffy wave in the lower part of the sheet plate.

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Oidium >>

Symptoms of the disease are manifested from the top of the sheet – yellow spots with an ash-gray bloom appear, even with a whitish tint.

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Gray Gnil >>

The main signs of gray rot: the appearance on foliage and berries of brown spots and gray plaque, the occurrence of brown divorces and gray spraying on the vine.

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Antraznosis >>

On the leaves there are brown specks with dark color casing. Over time, due to the fact that the fabrics of the plant die, holes appear on the leaves.

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Storage

Ripe fruits of Aleshenkin grapes can not be stored for a long time. Fruits will retain the appearance and taste, if they lie in the refrigerator to the maximum one month.

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