- Authors: Vnieviv IM. I.AND. Potapenko
- Purpose: Table
- Berry color: Brightly yellow pink, bright pink
- With bones: No
- Ripening time (filter): Very early
- Ripening time, days: 115-120
- Frost resistance, ° C: -26
- Synonyms names: II-13-4-1
- Weight bunchy, g: 680
- Type of flower: Oboy
See all the characteristics
Growing grapes in the territory of Western Siberia, the Urals or in the middle lane of Russia is difficult due to climatic conditions. But many gardeners are ready to experiment with various early varieties in order to get a crop of delicious and useful berries. Not so long ago, Russian breeders pleased with wine-making new varieties of early grapes Aladdin.
History of removal
Aladdin’s grapes was brought by the breeders of the All-Russian Nihiviv them. I. AND. Potapenko in Novocherkassk. In 2005, among many new seedlings, grade II-13-4-1, or Aladdin, was recognized as one of the most promising.
The basis are two grapes delight: red and nutmeg. By crossing them, a new table variety was obtained, characterized by high yield and good transportability.
Aladdin – average frost and drought-resistant grapes with dense clusters of fleshy berries of a pleasant taste with nutmetic notes.
Hybrid Aladdin refers to very early grades with a period of vegetation of 115-120 days, which allows you to grow it in territories not characteristic of this plant.
Tight bunches of conical shape weigh 0.6-0.7 kg and distinguished by good fierce. Ripe grapes, staying on the bush, retains the shape of a cluster and taste for a month.
Pink with yellow spindle-shaped berries on clearance acquire bright pink color. Dense pulp covered with thin skin, almost not felt when used. Bones are absent. Weight of a separate berry just under 9 g.
The hybrid is distinguished by a harmonious taste with a slight nutmess.
Sugar content – 188 g / dm³, acidity – 7 g / dm³. An assessment of taste resulting from tasting – 8.4-8.7 points.
Aladdin – a consistently high-yielding grade with the leaning of the vine to overload. Yield coefficient 1,1.
Selecting planting material
Gardeners with experience recommend newcomers to take cuttings and seedlings for those who made them from their vine and is engaged in the production of such material professionally.
You can evaluate the quality that cuts a small amount of bark. When growing a bush from a cutting and compliance with agrotechnology rules, the survival rate is about 90%, high quality plants are practically guaranteed. There is the ability to control the development of grapes at all stages.
Under the compliance with the Rules of Agrotechnology, the survival rate is about 100%. Saplings should be healthy. Pay attention to the absence of fuses, growths and other signs of diseases.
Features of cultivation
The cultivation of the grape variety Aladdin has no features.
The average high-grade bush with a length of the vine to 250-300 cm is suitable for both professional dilutions and cultivation on personal compounds.
In the first year, the bush grows up to 1 m height, giving a large number of half-meter shoots, which are laid up to two brushes. Such a quantity is excessive for a young plant.
The breeding of the variety is made with staring or vaccination, leaving a large amount of wood on.
Hybrid prefers solar places with good soil.
Landing is produced late in spring when water will go to a depth of more than 1.5 meters, or early autumn before the onset of stable cold weather in warm soil. After planting, the youngsters are covered with a cheese, peat or film depending on the time of year.
Place for planting Choose solar and wind protected.
Soil is suitable for a loamy or black soil.
Landing Scheme 3 × 1.5 m.
Wells are preparing in advance. Dig a hole with a depth of 0.8 m. The bottom is littered with a chubble height of 0.1 m and filled with a mixture of the turf and compost. Having installed a seedling, fall asleep extracted land. Carefully watered and covered.
In order to 3 years old, the vine gives a signal harvest, it is necessary to take into account the set of factors – from the type of soil on the plot to the nearby plants.The best time for landing most varieties – autumn, and in the cold regions, preparations for landing start in August. Saplings are transferred to the ground at the end of September or in 1 decade of October. For autumn landing, only plants with ridiculous vines are suitable, with a developed root system and with 8-10 eyes.Tips for beginners will help to figure out the optimal schemes for the location of seedlings and cuttings, as well as in other subtleties of this process.
Type of soil
Grapes grown on sand, black earth and clay soils. For each of the options for the composition of the soil, the preparation process will noticeably differ.
Planting vegetative saplings
The basic rules are the same for weird and vegetable seedlings. Vegetable call seedlings obtained by a greenhouse.
Cuttings – processes without its own root system. They are always rooted in autumn. The procedure is starting after the foliage will be.
The following plants have a favorably affect grapes: Siderats, cucumbers, strawberries, onions and garlic, roses, Early grades of white cabbage and greens.
The plant is obochoo, which means self-polished.
For high-quality harvesting plant requires trimming. With it, it is regulated by the number of shoots and the rapids of the future harvest. It is advisable to leave no more than 30 eyes on the bush, and on the vine to 6-8 scores.
Before wintering, it is necessary to remove all non-invalid shoots.
Hybrid drought-resistant, but watering before flowering and after an excess will not.
So that the berries are large and juicy, it is necessary to organize a full watering and feeding. All standards need to be adjusted to weather conditions and the rate of evaporation of fluid.
With a frequent watering scheme, the moisturizing is recommended once every two weeks (that is, twice a month during flowering and the appearance of berries) so much so that the land is impregnated by 50 cm deep into the plant so that the plant does not switch to surface (dewn) roots. This amount can be reduced if the straw is mulching.
With a rare watering scheme, choosing the age and time of ripening grapes, you can use the standards presented in the table in another article.
Regular feeding with organic and mineral fertilizers will increase the already good yield.
Frost resistance and need for shelter
Tests of the new grade were conducted on the territory of Novocherkassk. Aladdin showed that an adult plant tolerates frost to -25 degrees without additional shelter for the winter, which speaks of his good winter hardiness and frost resistance.
Young shoots must be reinforced for the winter, shooting them with a steller. Where winter winters are more severe, shelters require adult plants.
Diseases and pests
The new grade is resistant to Mildu, Oidium (2.5 and 3 points, respectively). If there is a hearth disease nearby, then the bushes need to make a combined fungicide three times: when the first leaflets appear, before flowering and after its completion.
But gray rot may pose a threat, especially in a rainy time. This is due to the very dense structure of the bunch. The solar dry weather is destroyed by the fungus, but in the threat of its propagation, the lesions are sprayed with a soapy solution of copper sulfate in a ratio of 50 g per 10 liters.
Overview of all diseases and pests
If grapes are exposed to any disease or insect, it is always reflected in its appearance. May suffer both separate parts of the plant and the whole culture as a whole.Grape kidneys are usually most of all suffer from leaf-making parasites.Berries damage mainly appear in the presence of fungal diseases. Leaves are always affected to a greater extent, many diseases are immediately recognized by them.
The most important feature of the disease is the presence of white fluffy wave in the lower part of the sheet plate.
Symptoms of the disease are manifested from the top of the sheet – yellow spots with an ash-gray bloom appear, even with a whitish tint.
Gray Gnil >>
The main signs of gray rot: the appearance on foliage and berries of brown spots and gray plaque, the occurrence of brown divorces and gray spraying on the vine.
On the leaves there are brown specks with dark color casing. Over time, due to the fact that the fabrics of the plant die, holes appear on the leaves.
Aladdin berries are distinguished by good breeding and transportability. Grapes are stored for a long time and without fruit deformation.
Gardeners, planted on the grapes of Aladdin, celebrate its high yield, good taste and the possibility of long-term storage.