- Authors: I.AND. Potapenko, I.BUT. Kostrikin, A.WITH. Skripnikova, L.BUT. Maystrenko, S.AND. Agapova (VNIIVIV named I.AND. Potapenko)
- Purpose: Table
- Berry color: black with wax chain (prinah)
- Taste: Simple, neutral
- With bones: Yes
- Ripening time (filter): Early
- Ripening time, days: 118
- Frost resistance, ° C: -26
- Synonyms names: Vityaz
- Weight bunchy, g: 321
See all the characteristics
Fruit cultures are increasingly popular, for growing and fruiting of which does not require much effort. Thanks to it, you can get a rich harvest of nutritional fruits. It is precisely such characteristics of a variety called Agat Donskaya (the first name of the variety – Vityaz). This species grows great in any climate and is not afraid of capricious weather conditions.
History of removal
This variety was obtained by crossing. Specialists united several hybrid forms (Zarya North and Dolores) with a popular garden culture – Russian Early. Work on the removal was carried out on the basis of the All-Russian Research Institute, specializing in the removal of new fruit grapes. Initially, the new plant was named Vityaz, but soon it was renamed and under the new name registered and introduced into the official state register (1992).
Due to the sustainability of different climates and weather conditions, fruit culture can be grown in the following regions of the country:
- Central region;
- Central Black Earth region;
- Far East;
- Western Siberia;
- Volga region.
Agat Donskoy is considered to be a strong grape. It is worth noting a high indicator of aging shoots, which has 75-80%. The grade has a multi-tier and powerful root system, which is deeply underground.
During the flowering period, the grapes are covered by sophisticated inflorescences, thanks to which he received self-pollution. Ripe bunches have medium density and have a cone form.
This variety is considered early. The term of its vegetation has from 115 to 120 days. Within the borders of the southern regions the fruits of the ride in the twentieth numbers of the last month of summer. In the middle lane, the harvest can be collected at the end of summer or at the beginning of autumn.
The average fetus weight has more than 300 grams (one cluster). High density, and shape – cylindrical. Coloring can be black or dark blue.
Berries have a rounded form. Sugar percentage – 14.4%. Acidness level – 7.2 grams per dm³. Flesh tight and juicy. Rounded berries weigh about 5 grams each and have a characteristic crunch. Sizes (in millimeters) – 20,5×18.5.
The taste of ordinary, tastors gave him an estimate of 7.7 points. Despite the soft and pleasant taste, the smell is practically absent.
This indicator has 184 c / ha. Stable yield, high. In the first 2-3 years after landing, this indicator is lowered.
Selecting planting material
Gardeners with experience recommend newcomers to take cuttings and seedlings for those who made them from their vine and is engaged in the production of such material professionally.
You can evaluate the quality that cuts a small amount of bark. When growing a bush from a cutting and compliance with agrotechnology rules, the survival rate is about 90%, high quality plants are practically guaranteed. There is the ability to control the development of grapes at all stages.
Under the compliance with the Rules of Agrotechnology, the survival rate is about 100%. Saplings must be healthy. Pay attention to the absence of fuses, growths and other signs of diseases.
Features of cultivation
The grade withstands freezing to 30 degrees Celsius, which allows you to grow it in conditions of harsh climate. The bush grows very quickly. It is also worth considering mildew resistance – 3 points, and to oidium – 4 points.
For landing, you need to choose an open area that will be thoroughly warm up with sunbeams. Next to it should be high trees or similar objects. Perfect location all day is uniformly illuminated by the sun. If there are high buildings near the landing site, it is necessary to plant bushes from a southwestern or south side from the structure, the minimum distance is 2 meters.
The soil should not be too raw, therefore the lowlands in which the moisture accumulates is not suitable. In such conditions, the vineyard may suffer due to frost. If the landing area has a crossed relief, the bushes are planted on the southwestern or southern slopes.
The variety is undemanding to the composition of the soil and gives an abundant harvest on all types of soil. The highest result can be achieved on stony and rubble soils. Positively on fruiting affects careful heating of the soil and his drainage. For cultivation, a plot is not suitable on which groundwater is located at a depth of 1.5 meters from the surface of the Earth. Grape prefers neutral soil or low alkali. Earth saturated with salts and lime is not suitable for cultivation.
In order to 3 years old, the vine gives a signal harvest, it is necessary to take into account the set of factors – from the type of soil on the plot to the nearby plants.The best time for landing most varieties – autumn, and in the cold regions, preparations for landing start in August. Saplings are transferred to the ground at the end of September or in 1 decade of October. For autumn landing, only plants with ridiculous vines are suitable, with a developed root system and with 8-10 eyes.Tips for beginners will help to figure out the optimal schemes for the location of seedlings and cuttings, as well as in other subtleties of this process.
Type of soil
Grapes grown on sand, black earth and clay soils. For each of the options for the composition of the soil, the preparation process will noticeably differ.
Planting vegetative saplings
The basic rules are the same for weird and vegetable seedlings. Vegetable call seedlings obtained by a greenhouse.
Cuttings – processes without its own root system. They are always rooted in autumn. The procedure is starting after the foliage will be.
The following plants have a favorably affect grapes: Siderats, cucumbers, strawberries, onions and garlic, roses, Early grades of white cabbage and greens.
The plant can be independently polluted, this is due to biscuiting inflorescences.
Trim bushes are preferably every year. This helps to reduce the load on the vine. Molding should be carried out in the fall, as soon as the plant will reset the leaves. You can also perform the work in the spring, until the sludge period. Fruit branches need to cut up to 5-8 kidneys. Fruitless shoots remove not to deplete the plant.
So that the berries are large and juicy, it is necessary to organize a full watering and feeding. All standards need to be adjusted to weather conditions and the rate of evaporation of fluid.
With a frequent watering scheme, the moisturizing is recommended once every two weeks (that is, twice a month during flowering and the appearance of berries) so much so that the land is impregnated by 50 cm deep into the plant so that the plant does not switch to surface (dewn) roots. This amount can be reduced if the straw is mulching.
With a rare watering scheme, choosing the age and time of ripening grapes, you can use the standards presented in the table in another article.
To obtain a stable harvest, the plant needs to regularly feed. Fertilizers for adult plants contribute every year during fruiting or vegetation. Also, nutrients are added in the process of growth and development of garden culture. Gardeners are used both extractive and root feeders. Under bushes add organic and mineral compositions. After that, bushes fertilize after 2-3 years.
Feeding preferably to make autumn. The addition of nutritional fertilizers is combined with soil resistance between bushes. During breaks between the introduction of the main portions of fertilizer, fruit culture can also be picked up.
Frost resistance and need for shelter
As already noted, the variety of agate Donskoy is not afraid of frosts. Under certain conditions, the vine will withstand freezing more than 30 degrees Celsius. Stroke adult grape bushes with winter arrival optional, but for single or two-year seedlings Shelter with the arrival of cold weather – a prerequisite.
Diseases and pests
Due to special qualities, this grape variety has high resistant to many fungal infections. Despite this property, it is recommended to regularly spray the plant by fungicides for prevention. Perform this process is preferably in the hot season, if high humidity and temperature are observed.
Also, experienced gardeners are recommended to use the preparation “Phytosporin” with the addition of “Zircon”. Just just twice treated grapes during vegetation. The first time spraying is performed when the fetus starts, the second – two weeks later. When using drugs you need to accurately follow the instructions.
Overview of all diseases and pests
If grapes are exposed to any disease or insect, it is always reflected in its appearance. May suffer both separate parts of the plant and the whole culture as a whole.Grape kidneys are usually most of all suffer from leaf-making parasites.Berries damage mainly appear in the presence of fungal diseases. Leaves are always affected to a greater extent, many diseases are immediately recognized by them.
The most important feature of the disease is the presence of white fluffy wave in the lower part of the sheet plate.
Symptoms of the disease are manifested from the top of the sheet – yellow spots with an ash-gray bloom appear, even with a whitish tint.
Gray Gnil >>
The main signs of gray rot: the appearance on foliage and berries of brown spots and gray plaque, the occurrence of brown divorces and gray spraying on the vine.
On the leaves there are brown specks with dark color casing. Over time, due to the fact that the fabrics of the plant die, holes appear on the leaves.
Mature fruits can keep freshness long. If you store borders in a cool place and in a limful condition, they do not lose taste from 2 to 3 months.