- Authors: Krainov Viktor Nikolaevich (Vnieviv him. I.AND. Potapenko)
- Purpose: Table
- Berry color: Pink
- Taste: harmonious
- With bones: Yes
- Ripening time (filter): Very early
- Ripening time, days: 95
- Frost resistance, ° C: -23
- Weight bunchy, g: 780-1900
- Yield: 110-180 c / ha
See all the characteristics
Grapes Transfiguration is the result of the breeder’s work in. N. Cherinov. The variety is a complex hybrid. It boasts that he received excellent qualities: short time maturation, pleasant taste and high level of yield.
History of removal
Grape variety The transformation is derived from two varieties: Kishmish radiant and talisman. Originator – Victor Nikolayevich Krinov, who worked together with FGBU VNIIVIV. In the state register, transformation is indicated since 2014. Patent time NO 7250 until December 31, 2049.
For a variety, the transformation is most suitable for the southern territories of the country. It takes good and shows high yield in Ukraine. And it can be grown in the middle strip with the condition of shelting the vine for the winter period.
Cuttings can be taken to other varieties, they show a high level of survival. Plant large, maternal bush can form many steps. Fruit shoots make up 80% of the total number, perfectly mature. Height can in length reach 3 meters. Cuttings are rooted quickly, powerful root system, which goes deep into the ground. Leaves Smooth, Medium Size. The variety has a property to change under the influence of concrete growing factors and catching.
This grape variety is distinguished by rapid crop maturation. From the opening of the kidneys to the full ripening of berries required approximately 3-3.5 months. These deadlines may vary due to climatic conditions of the area. Matures grapes Transfiguration already in early August.
The weight of the cluster is approximately from 780 to 1900 grams. Form in bunches conical, medium density. Some clusses may be loose. Peauring is practically not observed.
Berries are quite large. Length of one berry a little more than 3 cm. Cylindrical shape, slightly elongated. One berry weighs 10-20 grams. Color ripe grapes light pink. Middle Thickness Character with Wax. Berries are characterized by good sugar accumulation.
The variety transformation has a pleasant sweet taste, with a slight addition of an acidic shade. The taste of the Muscat is absent.
From one plant can be obtained up to 25 kilograms of crop. Yield reaches 110-180 centners with hectares. The fruction coefficient is 1.3.
Selecting planting material
Gardeners with experience recommend newcomers to take cuttings and seedlings for those who made them from their vine and is engaged in the production of such material professionally.
You can evaluate the quality that cuts a small amount of bark. When growing a bush from a cutting and compliance with agrotechnology rules, the survival rate is about 90%, high quality plants are practically guaranteed. There is the ability to control the development of grapes at all stages.
Under the compliance with the Rules of Agrotechnology, the survival rate is about 100%. Saplings must be healthy. Pay attention to the absence of fuses, growths and other signs of diseases.
Features of cultivation
When purchasing landing material, it is necessary to carefully examine. On the vine should not be noticeable signs of freezing, cutting or damage to diseases. If the seedling is healthy, then he must have white roots, on the cross cut shoots green.
Variety transformation to the composition of the soil is not too demanding. You can add fertile soil into a fossa for landing. And also with not too fertile soils, where there is an insufficient ability to form a layer of humus, it is recommended to lay compost, nitrogen fertilizers, humid or ash to the landing hole. The depth of the wells for landing should be about 0.5 meters.
For landing it is worth choosing the southern sections with good lighting. Rows Recommended to organize from north to south. The wells for landing need to be located at a distance of 2 meters one from another. There should be a good drainage on the plot, moisture should not be allowed. Preferably to plant grapes Transfiguration on hills. When landing, the soil is mixed with all the necessary additives and is abundantly spilled with warm water so that the ground is a little donkey.
Specific time for landing depends on the climatic conditions of the region. Spring landing can be done when the air has already been warmed, and the temperature is about +15 degrees Celsius. And the land should warm up to approximately +10 degrees.
In order to 3 years old, the vine gives a signal harvest, it is necessary to take into account the set of factors – from the type of soil on the plot to the nearby plants.The best time for landing most varieties – autumn, and in the cold regions, preparations for landing start in August. Saplings are transferred to the ground at the end of September or in 1 decade of October. For autumn landing, only plants with ridiculous vines are suitable, with a developed root system and with 8-10 eyes.Tips for beginners will help to figure out the optimal schemes for the location of seedlings and cuttings, as well as in other subtleties of this process.
Type of soil
Grapes grown on sand, black earth and clay soils. For each of the options for the composition of the soil, the preparation process will noticeably differ.
Planting vegetative saplings
The basic rules are the same for weird and vegetable seedlings. Vegetable call seedlings obtained by a greenhouse.
Cuttings – processes without its own root system. They are always rooted in autumn. The procedure is starting after the foliage will be.
The following plants have a favorably affect grapes: Siderats, cucumbers, strawberries, onions and garlic, roses, Early grades of white cabbage and greens.
Pollination of the plant is carried out without any participation of insects, since the flowers are routine. Artificial pollination grapes does not require, as it happens with wind.
Thanks to the timely and correctly completed trimming, it is possible to get a sufficiently abundant harvest. For this variety, a long or medium trimming of 5-8 eyes is recommended. In the first year after planting pruning, up to 2 eyes. Further it is carried out every year.
The bushes of transformation love abundant irrigation, but it is impossible to overdo it. The root system goes deep into the soil, so in order to impregnate all the roots, watering should be carried out considerable amounts. After landing, the seedling is watered once a week. Watering volume – approximately 2 water buckets under one bush. After a month, it should be watering less often – once every 3-4 weeks, but it increases the volume that reaches 4 buckets.
For grapes it is worth carrying out moisture-loading watering in the fall and spring. In the fall, this is done after the dedication of foliage. The procedure is necessary that the plant is better transferring the frost. Dry soil is inclined to stronger freezing. In the spring, such watering is required for greater kidney activity. In particular, it is important subject to a low-cost winter. Even if it rains, it is still worth an additionally watering a plant, because for a powerful root system of rain moisture may not be enough.
If the underground irrigation system is not provided, it is superficially. To do this, retreating from the vine about 25-30 centimeters, form a furrow to a depth of 20 centimeters, where and watering is carried out. After watering the soil you need to loosen and get rid of weeds.
Too abundant irrigation negatively affects the taste qualities of grapes. Berries will be too watery and devoid of taste. Therefore, in the case of rainy summer, it is recommended to make tap ditches to get rid of the excess moisture.
So that the berries are large and juicy, it is necessary to organize a full watering and feeding. All standards need to be adjusted to weather conditions and the rate of evaporation of fluid.
With a frequent watering scheme, the moisturizing is recommended once every two weeks (that is, twice a month during flowering and the appearance of berries) so much so that the land is impregnated by 50 cm deep into the plant so that the plant does not switch to surface (dewn) roots. This amount can be reduced if the straw is mulching.
With a rare watering scheme, choosing the age and time of ripening grapes, you can use the standards presented in the table in another article.
Sort Transfiguration feed mineral and organic fertilizers. Before awakening the vine is carried out by superphosphate. Organic fertilizers are entered under the bush in April or May, before flowering. During the entanglement requires feeding phosphorus. In the autumn period you need to make copper and potassium.
Frost resistance and need for shelter
Grapes of this variety is pretty frost resistant, can carry cold to -20 degrees. In the case of stronger frosts, the vines must be covered for the period of frost.
Diseases and pests
Transformation vines are sufficiently resistant to various diseases. Mildew and gray rot stably resistant to oidium – average stability. Insects also do not cause a big harm plant. Osmi harvest is damaged in high degree.
Overview of all diseases and pests
If grapes are exposed to any disease or insect, it is always reflected in its appearance. May suffer both separate parts of the plant and the whole culture as a whole.Grape kidneys are usually most of all suffer from leaf-making parasites.Berries damage mainly appear in the presence of fungal diseases. Leaves are always affected to a greater extent, many diseases are immediately recognized by them.
The most important feature of the disease is the presence of white fluffy wave in the lower part of the sheet plate.
Symptoms of the disease are manifested from the top of the sheet – yellow spots with an ash-gray bloom appear, even with a whitish tint.
Gray Gnil >>
The main signs of gray rot: the appearance on foliage and berries of brown spots and gray plaque, the occurrence of brown divorces and gray spraying on the vine.
On the leaves there are brown specks with dark color casing. Over time, due to the fact that the fabrics of the plant die, holes appear on the leaves.
Grape transformation is well stored and transported. For preservation of berries requires a dry room with good ventilation.
Grapes Transfiguration has a large number of advantages that are easily manifested with proper leaving for the vine. Abundant harvest of delicious berries will please the grapes and buyers.