- Authors: Pavlovsky Evgeny Georgievich
- Purpose: Table
- Berry color: White
- Taste: Muscata
- Ripening time (filter): Early
- Ripening time, days: 115-120
- Frost resistance, ° C: -23
- Weight bunchy, g: 632
- Type of flower: Oboy
- Luna density: medium density and loose
See all the characteristics
Every amateur gardener would like to have unpretentious grapes in his area with an unforgettable taste. Such a grape variety is called sponsor.
History of removal
The author of this variety became the Russian scientific coherer Poplavsky Evgeny Georgievich. Straights Steel Talisman and Sprinter. The breeder set itself a task to bring such grapes that will be resistant to diseases and weather climatic conditions. And he succeeded. Since the sponsor has become recently growing, it is completely not studied, but already won the hearts of winegartes.
This variety is spread in the central and southern regions, possibly due to the fact that it is not sufficiently frost. In the northern regions, the cultivation of the sponsor is still practiced.
This is a dining hybrid shape of white grapes. The bushes are stripped, the vine ripens well over the entire length, the breakdowns of the two-year-olds acquire a golden brown shade. Redanished nodes are formed on these shoots. On one escape usually 2 inflorescences. The foliage is a large round shape, has a dark green color, on the edge of the shear carved drive. Long and durable fruits, light green. The variety has hay flowers that are inherent in many varieties derived by Poplavsky.
On the ripening of berries, grapes refers to early grades, maturity occurs by about 115-120 days after the beginning of the vegetation. In the second half of August you can already collect a harvest.
Breakdi have a conical form. Density loose or medium. The weight of the cluster is quite large, on average it weighs 632 g. With good agricultural care and favorable weather conditions, the grab mass can reach 1 kg.
Berries on white brushes, have a golden amber tint. Form of oval berries. Usually they are large, reach weight to 10.4 g. In case of bad weather conditions, sometimes you can see the pea. The meat and juicy flesh is covered with the skin of the middle density, which, when eating, lightly hurts. And also skin is not cracking, which characterizes the good transportability of the grapes of this variety. Inside berries are seeds, but there are few them there. The berries of this variety are resistant to the OSAM, for some reason they fly out them, thereby no berries will not be spoiled.
After full aging of the berries when eating food, a bright nutmeg taste is felt, which is not very characteristic of white grape varieties.
The sponsor is characterized by a very high yield, with one bush collect up to 45-50 kg of excellent berries.
Selecting planting material
Gardeners with experience recommend newcomers to take cuttings and seedlings for those who made them from their vine and is engaged in the production of such material professionally.
You can evaluate the quality that cuts a small amount of bark. When growing a bush from a cutting and compliance with agrotechnology rules, the survival rate is about 90%, high quality plants are practically guaranteed. There is the ability to control the development of grapes at all stages.
Under the compliance with the Rules of Agrotechnology, the survival rate is about 100%. Saplings must be healthy. Pay attention to the absence of fuses, growths and other signs of diseases.
Features of cultivation
To grow this grapes, it is better to choose a plot that is on the sunny side, because the grade loves heat and light. Planting better on a bulk bed, so that when watering and during rains, water is not stood at the landing site. Strong overvocation badly affects the roots of grapes.
Plant grapes is better in spring, but the wells for planting need to start cooking from autumn. In the depth of the pit there should be 75 cm, in the width of about the same. The resulting well needs to be fertilized, for this it is necessary to mix the ground with a compost in a ratio of 1 to 1. Before landing the roots of the planting material, cut and put in the water for about a day. Then the seedling put in the hole, sprawling the roots, fall asleep the earth and tackle. After it is necessary to pour the planted water with warm water. Cold water is not recommended to use, as the plant can get shock, and growth will slow down.
In order to 3 years old, the vine gives a signal harvest, it is necessary to take into account the set of factors – from the type of soil on the plot to the nearby plants.The best time for landing most varieties – autumn, and in the cold regions, preparations for landing start in August. Saplings are transferred to the ground at the end of September or in 1 decade of October. For autumn landing, only plants with ridiculous vines are suitable, with a developed root system and with 8-10 eyes.Tips for beginners will help to figure out the optimal schemes for the location of seedlings and cuttings, as well as in other subtleties of this process.
Type of soil
Grapes grown on sand, black earth and clay soils. For each of the options for the composition of the soil, the preparation process will noticeably differ.
Planting vegetative saplings
The basic rules are the same for weird and vegetable seedlings. Vegetable call seedlings obtained by a greenhouse.
Cuttings – processes without its own root system. They are always rooted in autumn. The procedure is starting after the foliage will be.
The following plants have a favorably affect grapes: Siderats, cucumbers, strawberries, onions and garlic, roses, Early grades of white cabbage and greens.
Since the grade has rope flowers, in most cases self-pollization occurs. And can also be polled insect.
Like many varieties, this grape also requires trimming. Dry and damaged processes are completely removed, the rest are cut, leaving on the vine 5-6 kidneys. You can do this in the fall, and in the spring.
Watering grapes needed about 2 times a month. If the rains often go, then watering is less common, in the absence of rains, water around once a week. On one bush requires 2 water buckets. It is important that the land wet 45 cm, it is at such a depth of the roots.
So that the berries are large and juicy, it is necessary to organize a full watering and feeding. All standards need to be adjusted to weather conditions and the rate of evaporation of fluid.
With a frequent watering scheme, the moisturizing is recommended once every two weeks (that is, twice a month during flowering and the appearance of berries) so much so that the land is impregnated by 50 cm deep into the plant so that the plant does not switch to surface (dewn) roots. This amount can be reduced if the straw is mulching.
With a rare watering scheme, choosing the age and time of ripening grapes, you can use the standards presented in the table in another article.
Feed the plant you need twice in the vegetative period. Mineral fertilizers and organics can be used as fertilizer. Perfectly suitable manure.
Frost resistance and need for shelter
To frost, the variety is not too stable. The lowest temperature that transfers the grade, -23 ° C, so for the winter the vine is pressed to the ground and hid.
Diseases and pests
To pests and diseases variety is quite stable. For prophylaxis, it is enough a couple of times for the season to process the vine by any means against diseases. It will also protect grapes from insects.
Overview of all diseases and pests
If grapes are exposed to any disease or insect, it is always reflected in its appearance. May suffer both separate parts of the plant and the whole culture as a whole.Grape kidneys are usually most of all suffer from leaf-making parasites.Berries damage mainly appear in the presence of fungal diseases. Leaves are always affected to a greater extent, many diseases are immediately recognized by them.
The most important feature of the disease is the presence of white fluffy wave in the lower part of the sheet plate.
Symptoms of the disease are manifested from the top of the sheet – yellow spots with an ash-gray bloom appear, even with a whitish tint.
Gray Gnil >>
The main signs of gray rot: the appearance on foliage and berries of brown spots and gray plaque, the occurrence of brown divorces and gray spraying on the vine.
On the leaves there are brown specks with dark color casing. Over time, due to the fact that the fabrics of the plant die, holes appear on the leaves.
Grapes are kept well in a cool place, transportation to other regions transfers excellent. Thanks to good skin on a berry, the fruits do not burst and retain their trade look.