Grape chocolate

  • Authors: Institute “Magarach”
  • Purpose: Table
  • Berry color: red or red brown
  • Taste: simple, harmonious
  • With bones: Yes
  • Ripening time (filter): Medium Power
  • Ripening time, days: 130-145
  • Frost resistance, ° C: -22
  • Synonyms names: PG-12, Maradona Red, Taife Sustainable
  • Weight bunchy, g: 1000

See all the characteristics

Vintage Cutlery Chocolate is known and under many other names. Releases for expressively beautiful bunches, great taste and high yield.

History of removal

The grade appeared on the basis of the Institute “Magarach” due to the breeder of Pavel Yakovlevich Golodrig. His appearance in 1981 was preceded by a long selection of descendants of donor varieties, such as Kata Kurgan, Kirovabadian table and Antike Magaracha.

In addition to chocolate, the variety is known as Maradona, the memory of the Holodrorig, PG-12 (from the author’s initials).

Geography distribution

In 1986, the chocolate hybrid began to test at the state level in the Ukrainian and Russian regions. Now the hybrid variety is found in the southern regions of the Russian Federation, in Ukraine and on the vineyards of Moldova. Breakdogi chocolate can be saved on the bushes almost to the first frosts. Over time, the berries are gaining color, and the chocolate fragrance is clearly felt in taste.

Description

High-resistant bush well branches. During the season, the vine adds in growth by 5-7 m.

Ripening time

Chocolate – variety with a medium-time maturation. Vegetation period is 135-145 days. Terms of full ripening depend on climatic conditions and a growing region.

Brozdi

Form – conical. Weight is pretty heavy – up to 1000 g. Breakdown of medium density. Can gain a mass of 2500 g and grow up to 45-50 cm when normalized by shoots and brushes.

Berries

The color of oval fruits is red, at the peak of ripeness – red-brown. In meaty pulp 1-3 seeds. Grape weight about 9-10 g. Pretty dense skin is almost never felt when chewing.

Taste

The flesh is juicy and sahary, with a simple and harmonious taste. Sugarity is 160-170 g / dm3 at acidity 5-6 g / dm3. The optimal balance of these indicators falls on the phase of full maturity – from the first numbers until mid-September. The tasting assessment of taste is determined by 9.6 points.

Yield

High-yielding grade can bring about 20 kg of fruits from one round bush in private conditions. In the fields, its yield is about 150 c / ha.

Selecting planting material

Gardeners with experience recommend newcomers to take cuttings and seedlings for those who made them from their vine and is engaged in the production of such material professionally.

Cherenci

You can evaluate the quality that cuts a small amount of bark. When growing a bush from a cutting and compliance with agrotechnology rules, the survival rate is about 90%, high quality plants are practically guaranteed. There is the ability to control the development of grapes at all stages.

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Saplings

Under the compliance with the Rules of Agrotechnology, the survival rate is about 100%. Saplings should be healthy. Pay attention to the absence of fuses, growths and other signs of diseases.

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Features of cultivation

Landing

Even with good survival, the chocolate landing is better to exercise in the open area. Grade Loves Sun and Light Nutrient Soil. For grapes, a wetlands is not acceptable, since the root system starts to start with time.

Chocolate grade seedlings plant in spring or autumn. In the cool climate, it is better to plant in May when warmly will finally be established. In the south, landing plans for autumn. As well as the grade is well multiplied by vaccinations.

For these methods, the cuttings are prepared from autumn. When trimming, the misappropriate part of the vine is ejected, and the residues are cut by cuttings with 4-5 kidneys. Fresh sections are processed with liquid paraffin. The cuttings prepared in this way are winding with wet matter and stored until spring in the basement.

Landing

In order to 3 years old, the vine gives a signal harvest, it is necessary to take into account the set of factors – from the type of soil on the plot to the nearby plants.The best time for landing most varieties – autumn, and in the cold regions, preparations for landing start in August. Saplings are transferred to the ground at the end of September or in 1 decade of October. For autumn landing, only plants with ridiculous vines are suitable, with a developed root system and with 8-10 eyes.Tips for beginners will help to figure out the optimal schemes for the location of seedlings and cuttings, as well as in other subtleties of this process.

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Type of soil

Grapes grown on sand, black earth and clay soils. For each of the options for the composition of the soil, the preparation process will noticeably differ.

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Planting vegetative saplings

The basic rules are the same for weird and vegetable seedlings. Vegetable call seedlings obtained by a greenhouse.

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Landing Cherenkov

Cuttings – processes without its own root system. They are always rooted in autumn. The procedure is starting after the foliage will be.

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Plants-neighbors

The following plants have a favorably affect grapes: Siderats, cucumbers, strawberries, onions and garlic, roses, Early grades of white cabbage and greens.

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Pollination

Chocolate – Culture with Owlip Flowers. With a sustainable climate with a timely arrival period of spring, the vine blooms at the beginning of summer. But if at this time it will be overly hot and arid, in the bunches there is probably a minor.

Trimming

Crossing spend on 8-12 eyes. There are no more than 35-45 on the bush.

Watering

Chocolate is a rather unpretentious grade, but needs regular irrigation, weeding, trimming and feeding. The amount of irrigation affect the temperature indicators and humidity in the atmosphere. Excess watering can threaten the vine by.

Be sure to water at the following grape growth stages:

  • In the spring before it blooms the vine;

  • in the blocking phase of the covers;

  • After the main harvest is assembled;

  • Before hiding until spring.

In order for the ground did not form a crust that hinders the roots to eat oxygen, after irrigation, the soil must be exploded.

Watering schemes

So that the berries are large and juicy, it is necessary to organize a full watering and feeding. All standards need to be adjusted to weather conditions and the rate of evaporation of fluid.

Fresh iris

With a frequent watering scheme, the moisturizing is recommended once every two weeks (that is, twice a month during flowering and the appearance of berries) so much so that the land is impregnated by 50 cm deep into the plant so that the plant does not switch to surface (dewn) roots. This amount can be reduced if the straw is mulching.

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Rare Polish

With a rare watering scheme, choosing the age and time of ripening grapes, you can use the standards presented in the table in another article.

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Subordinate

For good yield indicators from time to time grapes need to fertilize orient. To do this, it is suitable compost, manure or humus. Undercalinks are brought by watering, combining with the prevention of special antifungal drugs.

For the season, table grades fertilize at least three times:

  • At the end of flowering;

  • at the time of ripening of the covers;

  • Before hiding to wintering.

The last season of feeding is carried out with potash additives, to improve the endurance of culture and its preparations for frost.

Frost resistance and need for shelter

The undoubted dignity of the grade lies in its frost resistance. Chocolate is perfectly tolerated down to -22. And even though the author of the hybrid culture left the bushes to winter not covered, it is better not to risk. In recent years, the climate does not differ in stability even in the south.

Diseases and pests

Chocolate boasts high resistance to diseases characteristic of the vine. So, the hybrid with dessert taste is distinguished by relative resistance to gray rot, in a low degree, it is subjected to Mildew and Oidium. Risks can be minimized by prevention. Bushes are treated with special drugs. Well show yourself colloidal sulfur and phytosporin-M.

The obvious advantage of the variety can also be considered the lack of interest in the fruits on the part of the OS. Concerning only some species of birds cause.

Overview of all diseases and pests

If grapes are exposed to any disease or insect, it is always reflected in its appearance. May suffer both separate parts of the plant and the whole culture as a whole.Grape kidneys are usually most of all suffer from leaf-making parasites.Berries damage mainly appear in the presence of fungal diseases. Leaves are always affected to a greater extent, many diseases are immediately recognized by them.

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Mildu >>

The most important feature of the disease is the presence of white fluffy wave in the lower part of the sheet plate.

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Oidium >>

Symptoms of the disease are manifested from the top of the sheet – yellow spots with an ash-gray bloom appear, even with a whitish tint.

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Gray Gnil >>

The main signs of gray rot: the appearance on foliage and berries of brown spots and gray plaque, the occurrence of brown divorces and gray spraying on the vine.

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Antraznosis >>

On the leaves there are brown specks with dark color casing. Over time, due to the fact that the fabrics of the plant die, holes appear on the leaves.

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Storage

Chocolate – Stable Grape Grade. This is due to the incompetence of berries for cracking. The fruits are tightly held on dense golfish and persist during transportation. Brozdi well stored in a place where dry and cool. Keep the freight look and taste 3 months after collecting. In special refrigerators, the fruits do not spoil until six months.

Review reviews

Table grape variety, contrary to assumptions, is a beautiful raw material for the production of juices and wine.

Chocolate grapes are often used to make cosmetic products. It includes a variety of active components that protect the skin from the harmful effects of the Sun and premature aging.

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