- Authors: IN. WITH. Ilyin (South Ural Research Institute of Fruit and Preamy and Potatoes)
- Appeared when crossed: Nugget x firstborn minusinsk
- Year of assumptions: 2000
- Type of growth: middle-resistant
- Description of the bush: weak wishful, thick
- Epishers: growing – straight, thick, green, shiny, tops – with Anthocian Okra
- Chairness: Middle
- Spikes: single, two- and three-separate, in medium length nodes (7-9 cm), straight, matte, light brown
- Sheet: uneven (from small to large), dark green, shiny, wrinkled
- Location Shipov: Located along the entire length, perpendicular to run, less often down and up, upper nodes and interstices without spikes
See all the characteristics
Gooseberry, a plant from the family of currants, settled on the planet from the regions of North Africa and Western Europe. In Russia, it was grown in the XI century. The modern collection has been replenished with many new varieties with unique properties. Ural Emerald is considered one of the best results of domestic selection. Its fruits have a universal purpose, suitable for consuming in a fresh form, of which stunning jams, jams, confitures, jam, are boiled.
History of removal
Authorship In keeping the gooseberry Ural Emerald belongs to the breeder of the South Ural Research Institute of Fruit and Potatoes in. WITH. Ilyina. The culture was obtained as a result of crossing the varieties of nugget and the firstborn Minusinsk. To use allowed in 2000 g.
Description of varieties
Thick, mid-grade, weakly worst bush has escapes with medium hip. One-, two- and three-separate spikes are located in medium length nodes (7-9 cm). The growth of spike is perpendicular to the carrier, sometimes the direction is replaced by the top or lower. Upper nodes and interstices do not have barns.
Validity of the variety:
earlyness and self-absorption;
High yields and lack of inclination to creap;
Good resistance to traditional diseases and pests.
The disadvantages of the Ural Emerald, this is the complexity in collecting the crop and leaving the crown due to a large number of spines.
Growing straightforward shoots painted in green tones with strong glitter, on the tops of the color takes anthocyanic shades. Adults Wearing branches are covered with matte brown brownish-gray bark. The bush is covered with diverse leaves with a dark green shiny wrinkled surface. Flowers Gooseberry Large, Matte-pink Bright Single Flowers.
Characteristic of berries
One-dimensional round-oval berry, sometimes large size, weighing 3,5-7.5 grams, painted in gentle green tones with white streaks and covered with thin skin.
Fruits have a sour-sweet taste. Juicy pulp contains an average seed number, has a balanced chemical composition:
Sahar amount – 9.3%;
Titrated acidity – 2.2%;
Ascorbic acid – 20.5 mg / 100 g.
Gooseberry is widely used in folk, used even in traditional medicine, because its fruits are not only a treat. Organic acids (lemon, apple and others), pectins, vitamin C, vitamin E, provitamin l, carotene, various pigments, micro- and macroelements solve problems such as:
disorders of the GTS functions;
pressure normalization, metabolism overclocking;
increase hemoglobin, treating anemia, liver;
The gooseberry is able to inhibit the development of cancer cells;
It is used as a laxative and treatment of dermatological problems, such as psoriasis.
The variety got the highest tasting rating – 5 points out of five possible.
Ripening and fruiting
Ural Emerald applies to early category – the harvest is collected in early July, in the south a little earlier. Fruiting comes 3-4 years after landing. A bush is able to actively be fruitful up to 25 years, if you comply with agrotechnical rules and rejuvenation.
The variety shows high yield results – up to 7 tons from one hectare in the conditions of central and southern regions. But, even in the harsh Siberian regions, with good care, the bush thanks the harvest from two to five kilograms of beautiful, useful and delicious berries.
Officially, the cultivation regions are considered West Siberian and East Siberian regions, but in fact the variety is found in all regions of the Russian Federation.
Despite the fact that the grade is considered to be self-leed (38.9%), cross-pollination, along with self-pollination, has a beneficial effect on yield indicators. Next to the Ural Emerald can land Beryl, Commander. Weak dustyness of the bushes allows landing with a distance of 1-1.5 m between roots. The gooseberry prefers areas with good lighting, but in contrast to many does not require protection against winds and drafts.
As for the soil, then the grade presents more stringent requirements – the best result it shows on loose fertile loams. The level of humidity should not exceed moderate indicators, so lowland wetlands will not fit, as well as those where there is a close occurrence of groundwater. If there is no other place, you can organize an artificial elevation – a flowerbed with a height of 40-50 cm.
Saplings are planted in spring and autumn, while preference gives the autumn season if climatic conditions allow. Conventional deadlines – the end of September and mid-October. Even a three-week heat period will allow seedlings to be rooted and fully overwhelming. In the spring, they will begin the growing season in time. Landing in the spring takes time on rooting and adaptation.
70×70 cm planting pit, possibly a little more, about ⅓ fill with a compost or humus, mixed with removed ground, add superphosphate and wood ash. When landing the root neck is plugged by 6-10 cm, the soil is compacted and watered warm water well. The next day, loosen or pour mulching layer from peat, dry grass or straw.
Growing and care
Further care does not require special efforts, and does not differ from traditional measures. These are timely watering, the lack of moisture negatively affects the development of the plant and its vegetation. Weeding, loosening and mulching, as well as trimming and feeding – Similar measures are required for any cultivated plants. The grade does not need abundant irrigation, but in the arid period of watering spend several times in the season – early spring during flowering and bootonization, then during the filling of berries, after harvesting and fall to help the shrub to fall.
Seasonal dressings are slightly different from generally accepted. In the spring, during the extension of the green mass, pay attention to the size of the sheet. If the leaves are large and shiny, then the plant does not need additional nitrogen. A little later, during the formation of launches, the bushes feed the potash-phosphorus.
The variety has a tendency to build an unnecessary number of shoots. To avoid thickening, and provide the access of the sun and air inside the crown, the formative trimming is carried out. Sanitary trimming are designed to rid a plant from old, broken, deformed and sick branches. Procedures conduct early spring and autumn.
High frost resistance delivered gardeners from the need to equip winter protection. However, the young older bushes need to provide protection for the winter so that the rapid plants can survive strong frosts. Breeding varieties, stalling, perennial branches, causing seeds giving a good germination. In addition, the Ural Emerald moves well to the division of the bush.
Resistance to diseases and pests
The variety is resistant to diseases such as American pulse dew, anthracnose, and pests – fire and saw. Usually in carrying out preventive treatments does not need.
Resistance to adverse climatic conditions
Ural Emerald has a high winter hardiness.