- Authors: TO. D. Sergeeva (Gardening. AND. IN. Michurina)
- Appeared when crossed: Clone selection, Kindic Variation Variety Russian (Karelhes x Houton + Oregon + Curry + Stumbling)
- Year of assumptions: 1974
- Type of growth: middle-resistant
- Description of the bush: Mechanical wool, Croon of medium thick, branching weak
- Epishers: growing – thick, light green, with a furious pink tip, unopened; Warm – Middle Thickness, Light
- Chairness: Middle
- Spikes: predominantly single, medium length and thickness, straight, light
- Sheet: medium, bright green, weakly loss, unopened, with a folded surface, leather, flat or weakly concave, five-wing
- Location Shipov: Directed perpendicular to run or space up and are located in its lower part
See all the characteristics
Interestingly, in Russia, the gooseberry began to grow with the XI century. The Russian Yellow variety was brought by Russian breeders from Vni. Michurina in the second half of the twentieth century and is populated so far.
History of removal
Appeared Russian Yellow by spontaneous somatic variety Mutation. In fact, he is his clone. At the Gardening Institute for. D. Sergeeyeva was involved in the material of sorts of Karelhes X Houton, as well as Oregon, Curry and Stammer. The result was a successful culture, ideally adapted to harsh climatic conditions. In 1963, an application for admission to cultivation was filed. After successfully spent varieties, Russian yellow was registered in the state market in 1974 and was resolved to growing in two regions.
Description of varieties
The shrub of the gooseberry Russian yellow can be called the average, since he reaches 1.2 meters in height. His spread is medium. The color of a young shrub ripped green, fruit-skinned weathered branches have a light brown color. Light and straight spikes located mainly at the bottom of the branches, in small quantities are on the bush. Palcular leafy plates, color from them light green. Small flowers of beautiful pale pink colors, form on brushes 1-2 pieces.
Characteristic of berries
Gooseberry Russian yellow fruits with large fruits, the mass of each – from 4.2 to 5.8 grams. Berries are distinguished by an oval form. Yellow dense skin has a wax fall.
The fruits of the culture under consideration of sour-sweet. Flesh gentle, jelly-like, the number of seeds is small. The composition of the product:
- Sahar amount – 9.3%;
- Titrated acidity – 2.1%;
- Ascorbic acid – 12.0-32.0 mg / 100 g.
Tastors rated the taste of berries on the firm four on the five-point system.
Ripening and fruiting
Russian yellow is distinguished by the average maturation, which begins in July, after the 20th.
Variety indicators of the variety officially celebrate as high. So, on an industrial scale it is 13.8 t / ha or 120-140 c / ha. On private sociors from one bush, remove the season from 4.1 to 6 kilograms of crop.
Russian yellow zoned in northwestern and Ural regions. However, for a long time it can be found in the gardens and gardens of various areas of the country.
Gooseberry Sort Russian Yellow Poor tolerates draft and strong wind, so it is better not to plant it in the open section. And destructive for the plant high humidity of the soil, since the roots of the gorgeous gooseberry are located close to the surface. Best for landing choose light fertile land. Planting a culture of optimally late autumn or early spring, before the start of the Softness.
Before boarding the plant should be prepared, removing dry branches and roots, as well as overlooking the latter in an aqueous solution of sodium humate for 24 hours. Size of the landing fossa in the depth – 30-40 cm, diameter – 50-60 cm. When planning several plants between them, it is withstanding from 1.5 to 2 meters, while between the rows should be 2.5-3 meters.
The bottom is filled with a fertile soil in the passage with humus (8 kg), with the addition of superphosphate (50 g), wood ash (250-300 g). Seedling should be gently lowering in the hole. Then he falls asleep the earth, it is abundant.
Growing and care
Watering is one of the most important agromerity in the cultivation of the gooseberry of the considered variety. Especially irrigation is important at the stage of formation of berries. In the arid season, shrubs are watered 2-3 times in a week. Starting watering stands during flowering when new marks are formed. When the fruits are ripe, watering stop.
From the age of culture will depend on the norm, which is necessary for watering. Than a bush older than that of its root system more. Approximate amount of water on one plant – 10-30 liters.
Feeding is also important culture. And it is held since the spring months before the autumn. At the same time, the organic and phosphoric, and potassium compositions are involved. If nutrients were added during the landing in the fossa, then the feeding will be needed only for 3-4 years. Organic fertilizers are definitely bred by water (at least 1: 8), 10 liters will be enough on the bush.
Since the gooseberry Russian yellow usually gives a lot of shoots, it is necessary to pay attention to the formation of the bush. For this, cut off all the dry, as well as the old branches under the root. Then remove the spontaneous, damaged shoots up to the ground level. And the fruitless trunks are shortening for one quarter.
Resistance to diseases and pests
Russian yellow is distinguished by relative resistance to American torment, as well as to attacks of most pests.
Resistance to adverse climatic conditions
Culture winter-hardy, frost transfers pretty good. However, if in some kind of region there is no bad winter or frosts fall below -20 ° C, then experts recommend to prepare a bush to winter. For this, the root system is covered with peat or humus to a thickness of 10 cm, the branches are adjusted to the ground, fastened by pegs or brackets, cover the burlap, then it is possible to sprinkle the earth.