- Authors: M. N. Simonova, I. IN. Popova (Moscow Fruit-Berry Experienced Station (VSPC))
- Appeared when crossed: №329-11 (seeding from self-pollution of the variety Purman) x Lada
- Synonyms names: Ribes UVA-CRISPA Rodnik
- Year of assumptions: 2002
- Type of growth: middle-resistant
- Description of the bush: Straight, thick, scattered
- Epishers: Unwanted – green, with a reddish “tan”, thick; Wearing – thick, gray, on the top weak anthocian painting, without omission
- Chairness: Middle
- Spikes: single, rare; matte, dark-colored; The length is medium (up to 11 mm), the thickness is average
- Sheet: Piaxy, blades stupid, average exceeds lateral, large, green, weakness, leathery
See all the characteristics
To prepare a delicious jam from the gooseberry, it is enough to put on the site of a noncain and yield grade, giving a good harvest. This can be attributed to the Rodnik’s early gooseberry, quickly adapting to different climatic features.
History of removal
Gooseberry Rodnik is a variety of early maturation terms created by a group of Russian breeders and. Popova and M. Simonova in 2001. Gave the gooseberry by crossing several species – №329-11 and Lada. Made a berry culture to the State Register of Selection Achievements of the Russian Federation in 2002. Cultivat variety in the European part, in the southern regions and middle lane of Russia.
Description of varieties
Sprinder is a compact mid-grade plant growing up to 130 cm. The shrub is characterized by straightforward powerful branches, high thickening of bright green foliage, moderate pasting of shortened single needles (2-3 strands of 50 cm), located perpendicular to run, and the skeletal part. The kidneys of the brown color and an elongated shape grow, deviating from escape. Flower brushes bushes consist of 1-2 large flowers of pale color with reddish lilac strokes. Flowering bushes falls on the second half of May.
Self-slope at the variety is high (more than 60%), but experienced daches are recommended to increase yields by 25-30% still to plant nearby shrub-pollinators, blooming simultaneously with the gooseberry Spring.
Characteristic of berries
Gooseberry Spring refers to large-scale species. Berries are gaining mass from 5 to 6.7 grams. The form of berries rounded-oval without visible edges with a smooth surface, on which a weak gloss is noticeable. Blunt gooseberry painted green. Ripe berries are covered with yellowish green color with light reddish fragments. Skin in the berry of medium density, without stiffness.
Among the advantages of the variety, it is worth noting the good transportability of berries and the ability to be kept for a long time without losing taste and productual qualities – about 7 days. Fruits collected at the stage of technical maturity are most long-lasting. Appointment at the gooseberry is universal, so the berries eat fresh, apply in cooking, processed on marmalands. Jam and jam, and freeze. In addition, the berries of the gooseberry are resistant to cracking and baking in the sun. Only berries in excessive humidity can turn.
Spring has excellent taste. The pulp of a pale green color is endowed with a tender structure, fleshiness, fine-grainedness and high juiciness. In taste dominates pronounced sweetness, supplemented with a pleasant sourness and bright aroma. The composition of the pulp includes more than 7% of sugars and 2% acids.
Ripening and fruiting
Spring is a gooseberry of the early maturation. Fruit shrub begins for the second year after landing, however, you can count on full-fledged yields in the fourth year of life. The first rideward fruits can be tasting already at the end of June. Mass ripening of berries falls on the first decade of July. Peel fruit unevenly. The timing of ripening may be slightly shifted due to the climatic features of the growing place. Fruit Spring for more than 12-15 years.
Grand Indicators are high, so it is considered an indispensable culture for industrial cultivation. Observing all the points of the Agrotechnology, from one bush for the season you can remove 7.5 kg gooseberry. Grown for commercial purposes, you can count by 10.3 tons with 1 hectare.
The geography of growing fruit culture has significantly expanded in recent years. Spring productive in the Central Region – Moscow, Ryazan, Kaluga, Smolenskaya, Tula and Bryansk region. In addition, the gooseberry is viable in the Urals and in Siberia.
It is possible to plant a culture in the fall, and in the spring. In the spring period, you can plant a seedling after the soil warms up to +6 degrees, so in each region it occurs at a certain time – in the central part – mid-May, and in the south – in April. In the fall, landing is held a month before stable frosts – from September to mid-October. For landing it is better to choose annual seedlings with a developed root and the presence of 3-4 healthy shoots. Planting seedlings implies compliance with a distance of 1-1.5 meters.
Growing and care
The variety does not need complex agricultural engineering, but a little picky to the place of growth and soil. The plot should be open or half-shaded with deep grounding of groundwater, as the plant does not like moisture. The soil should be a fertile, moistened, draned, breathable with a neutral or reduced acidity indicator.
Spread the gooseberry vegetatively or dividing the bush, which is more efficient and convenient. You can share bushes with those over 4 years after landing. Separation is better to spend in spring – in May.
Comprehensive plant care consists of the following events: watering (in the morning or evening), feeding (nitrogen fertilizers and organizing), the formation of bushes (healthy shrub is 12-13 stems), monthly loosening, sanitary trimming and breaking (old, moving and dried twigs), dipping, mulching zone around the shrub, preparation for winter (branches are collected in the bundle and are tied up with a rope), as well as protection against pests and diseases. So that the stems did not damage mice and smaller rodents, it is necessary to post special chemicals around the roar zone. This procedure is held at the end of summer. According to experts, shrubs, despite compactness, it is better to grow and fruit, if tied to the trellis.
Resistance to diseases and pests
Immune System Sort Excellent. Gooseberry is resistant to American mildew and sepitoria. Berry shrub rarely exposed anthracnose. In addition, the spring is practical not attractive pests. Exception is the shooting fault and fire. Fighting with the invasion of malicious insects will help watering with soap solution or timely treatment with herbicides.
Resistance to adverse climatic conditions
At the gooseberry, the spring is high frost resistance – the plant with ease tolerates lowering the temperature to -35 degrees. In addition, shrub is resistant to short shaders and heat. The only thing that does not really like culture is a long drought and drafts.
Despite the fact that culture is relatively new, she managed to attract attention and beginners, and farmers. This is due to the fact that the spring is not very picky, grows in a cold climate, quickly adapts to the conditions of growth, and also gives a high and stable harvest. Many owners captivates the universal purpose of the variety and its excellent taste.