- Authors: All-Russian Research Institute of Gardening. AND. IN. Michurina
- Type of growth: Tall
- Description of the bush: Mechanical wool
- Epishers: medium, straight, matte
- Chairness: Practically absent
- Sheet: Large, dark green, shiny and wrinkled
- Berry size: Large
- Mass of berries, g: 5-10
- Berry form: oval or drop-shaped
- Berry color: light green, as golden ripen
See all the characteristics
Gooseberry berries are one of the most useful. This is precisely the popularity of culture. However, the choice of gardeners is affected not only the benefits, but also the convenience of growing. And here the leader becomes a grasura – a grade on which there are practically no spikes.
Description of varieties
Grossullace was obtained due to the works of breeders of the All-Russian Research Institute of Gardening. AND. IN. Michurina. He became one of the first sophisticated varieties, thanks to which he immediately gained his audience of admirers.
Tall plant, up to 1.5 m, while it is usually the average. Soots directly, differ in mattiness. They are quite a lot of foliage, it is large and brilliant, with the presence of wrinkles. Plates have a dark green color.
Characteristic of berries
Grossulaar fruits are large, and they can be both oval and caps. The mass of berries ranges from 5 to 10 grams. Color in the stage of immaturity light green, and a little later berries acquire a spectacular golden color. The skin of the fruit is thin, but rather dense. Thanks to such characteristics, the gooseberry of this variety can easily be transported to the market or to the store.
The taste of Grossulaar liked absolutely all gardeners, because it is very harmonious and thin. Supplies here perfectly with sweetness, and refreshing fragrance only enhances the impression. Experts The taste of the Grosswerar rated in 4.5 points.
Ripening and fruiting
First crops from the bush can be waited by 2, sometimes for 3 years. Then the fruiting will be stable and continue about 20 years. Collect the fruits of the middle-grained variety in July-August.
Even with adverse weather conditions, the Grossulus demonstrates an excellent yield – from 5 to 7 kg with a bush.
Since the Grossulus is a winter-hardy grade, it is raised without problems in many corners of the country. But still the best indicators will be able to get in the Central and Central Black Earth Regions. Here the plant feels very comfortable.
Sport bushes of this variety is recommended in autumn, since in the spring they are extremely difficult to adapt to new habitat. The shadow is absolutely unacceptable, and it is better to choose from the soil of black soil or loam. There should be no excessive humidity in the ground. Also, the grasure can not be planted in those places where other berry shrubs grew before.
The seedling must be absolutely healthy, with strong leaves and white roots;
The site should be swapped and cleaned, in the case of increased acidity – to lime;
A couple of weeks before landing in the ground, organic and mineral feeding are made;
The depth of the well – 0.4 m, width – 0.5 m;
distance between plants – 1.5 m;
After landing, the twigs are shortened so that their length is 20 cm;
The planted sprout is watered and mulched.
Growing and care
Grossullace – a very moisture-loving plant. It must be timely water if you want to get juicy fruits. Young seedlings are irrigated twice a week, spending 10 liters on the bush. If there is a strong heat, the frequency of irrigation increases to three times, and it is recommended to take at least two buckets of warm water. Pour and loose soil should be about 6 times per season.
Feed culture it is necessary annually. In the spring it is necessary to give nitrogen. At the same time, minerals apply only if the soil or plants are in poor condition. In the fall, the grasulaar will be more substantial.
You will need:
Wood ash (100 grams);
Superphosphate (45 grams).
These feeding are perfectly improving fruiting. They are applied directly to the soil, and then bury the shovel by 10 cm.
Grossulus will need in pruning. In the first year, it should not be carried out, but on the second it is necessary to select 5 of the most powerful shoots, leave them. Everything else is subject to removal. Subsequently support the shape of the shrub and do not forget to remove dry and sick sprigs. If the plant has crossed the 10-year frontier, it will have to trim it before the root.
Resistance to diseases and pests
Grossulus is not particularly well opposed to various ailments. His resistance is average. Therefore, the preventive processing of fungicides in the spring is simply mandatory.
But even more often than illness, shrub attack pests. This is a web tick, shooting fault and gooseberry spin. Prevent the appearance of parasites will allow the spilling of culture by the wrair of early spring, but it stands to the dissolution of the kidneys. If you did not have time, it is better to use insecticides (at the initial stages of vegetation).
Resistance to adverse climatic conditions
Despite the fact that the plant loves moisture very much, short-term drought it is quite capable of surviving. But the frost resistance of the Grossulaera is very high, while the plant is not afraid of even return freezers. It will take the culture only in very harsh regions. If there is snow, it will be enough and it will be enough, and if the winter is low, you can use burlap, husk and other shelters to choose.