- Authors: Institute of Farming Nan Belarus
- Appeared when crossed: White big x Belarusian
- Synonyms names: Ribes UVA-CRISPA BELORUSSKIY Saharniy
- Type of growth: middle-resistant
- Description of the bush: Mechanical wool, compact
- Epishers: straight, spike, medium thickness
- Spikes: medium size, rather abundant, are single, double and even triple, in color green or light brown
- Sheet: Large, grayish green
- Berry size: Large
- Mass of berries, g: 4-8
See all the characteristics
The gooseberry is massively grown in garden sites, because it is a useful and delicious berry. Among the popular and not capricious, it is worth highlighting the variety of Belarusian sugar, characterized by incredible taste.
History of removal
This median grade is derived by breeders on the basis of the Institute of Fruit Garden of Belarus. The variety was based on two popular species – white large and Belarusian. Recommended for the cultivation in the Central and North-West regions of Russia. Recommended for growing fruit shrub on the territory of Belarus, Ukraine, Russia (southern regions, Siberia, Urals).
Description of varieties
The gooseberry of Belarusian sugar refers to the average shrubs growing in height of up to 100, in rare cases up to 150 cm. The bush is compact, neat, well-woofed, endowed with a moderate thickened with gray-green glossy foliage, thin, but flexible branches, as well as severe obvious or double spikes. The period of flowering falls in mid-May. During this period, the shrub is covered with small flower, which are pollinated by insects.
Summer gooseberry (more than 60%), but located additional varieties on the site will not interfere, because due to cross-pollination, the yield indicators may noticeably grow.
Characteristic of berries
Sort refers to large-scale species. The average weight of the gooseberry is 4-8 grams. The berry is correct, a spherical shape with barely elongated base. Ripe fruit covered with light green color with light stripes. The surface of the berry is smooth, matte, without edge. Skin gooseberry thin, not tough, but durable.
The appointment of a universal variety – berries eaten fresh, processed, canned, frost, applied in cooking. Berries collected at the stage of technical maturity, with ease tolerate long-term transportation, and can also be kept.
Taste and commodity qualities at the gooseberry excellent. Pale green flesh, gentle and juicy. In taste there are also sweetness, and pleasant acid. The pulp contains almost 14% of sugars, 2% acids, vitamin C, tannins, flavonoids, pectins and many other useful components.
Ripening and fruiting
Sort of Belarusian sugar refers to medium. Fruit plant begins with the second half of July. Gives yields a bush for 14-18 years. Shrub fruiting abundant and friendly. Ripe berries do not appear and do not bake under the scorching sun.
Yield indicators are estimated as medium. By providing the desired care, from 1 bush for the season can be removed from 3.5 to 6 kg of useful berries.
Fruit shrub is massively grown in Belarus, and also gained popularity in Ukraine. In Russia, the berry grows in the southern regions, in Siberia and in the Urals.
The planting of the fruit shrub is carried out in the spring (first half of April), and in the fall (October). Planting seedlings are recommended at a distance from each other in 1.5-2 meters. Place them better near the hedge or buildings, which will ensure reliable protection of the plant from drafts and a strong wind. Choosing the planting material, it is worth paying attention to the thickness of the escape (at least 5 mm) and the development of the rhizomes (at least 15 cm long).
Growing and care
Growing the gooseberry is recommended on lightweight, drum or squealed soils with neutral or weak acidity. The plot should receive a sufficient amount of light and heat. The plant does not like moisture stagnation, so groundwater should be deeply. Modify the plant with two methods – cuttings or decodes.
The gooseberry requires standard methods of care – watering, feeding, loosening and mulching of the soil, sanitary and aesthetic trimming of branches, as well as protection against insect invasions and disease prevention. In the regions with harsh winters, the plant should be protected from excessive cold – mulching the bush growth zone using branches of ate or husknik.
Resistance to diseases and pests
At the plant high immunity to many diseases and pests. The fruit shrub is completely not affected by spherical, rarely susceptible to fungal diseases and malnuts, as well as resistant to anthracnose. From the insights of pests will help protect the timely processing of bushes with special drugs.
Resistance to adverse climatic conditions
The gooseberry is well adapted to an unstable climate, including cold winters (up to -29 degrees). The plant with ease tolerate drought and heat, and after unfavorable weather conditions, it is rapidly restored.