- Synonyms names: Yantarniy, Amber
- Type of growth: middle-resistant
- Description of the bush: weak wishful, thick
- Epishers: Powerful
- Spikes: single
- Sheet: medium size, green
- Berry size: Large
- Mass of berries, g: five
- Berry form: oval, slightly thickened at one end
- Berry color: orange-yellow
See all the characteristics
Amber is a very unpretentious gooseberry grade. Due to this, the plant is of great popularity among beginners who often give preference to him.
History of removal
Amber can not be called a young variety, because he has been more than 50 years old. The author of the species is considered m. BUT. Pavlova. The variety was obtained when using English yellow, while the technique included free pollination. The experiment on the creation of a new variety was so successful that culture quickly became popular not only in the Russian Federation, but also in a number of other countries.
Description of varieties
The height of amber ranges from 1 to 1.5 meters, the gooseberry is growing underdeveloped, but dense. Single spikes are located on powerful escapes of culture. Refrigerant Pretty High, Middle Leaf, Green. In the edges can be separated.
Characteristic of berries
Fruits have amber distinguished rather large sizes. Separated berry can reach 5 gram weights. Form – classic oval with a slight thickening of one of the ends. The color of the berry is yellow-orange, which is why the grade and got such a name. Streets on the fruits are bright, and the peel is very dense, with a small amount of hairs. Mature berries do not appear, so you can not rush with harvest.
Amber has a rich honey fragrance. The taste is close to the sour-sweet, but what exactly will dominate it, depends on the weather. Under hot summer, fruits are sweetened, and if the weather for mostly was cool, then the berries will grow by acid.
Ripening and fruiting
This is an early gooseberry grade, so the harvest in most regions is collected already at the end of June. Sometimes the timing is shifted at the beginning of the second month of summer.
Proper care for the gooseberry of this variety provides high yield indicators – up to 10 kg with bush. And thanks to dense skin, fruits are also transported without any problems for sale.
A amber gooseberry landing can be made both in the sun and in half, but the first option is still optimal, because so berries will be sweeter. Soil acidity should be low, weakly alkaline soils are allowed. In general, specialists for this variety are recommended fertile loam. Like most plants, amber does not like excessive humidity.
Time to land is usually due to the climatic parameters of the region or the desire of the gardener itself. Allowed early and late-year-old landing types. Carrying out the procedure, do not forget about the application of fertilizers. So, in each well, it will be necessary to put two complete buckets of humus and ash wood (1 cup). The roots need to be dipped into the bolt (mixture of manure and clay).
Unlike many other seedlings, this plant without inclination, in a vertical position. Growth point leaves over ground (5 centimeters). It is important to remember that it is impossible to rub the land in the rolling concern. But abundant watering is a mandatory landing stage. Prothesing of shoots should be accounted for up to 6 bud. Distance between bushes and rows – one and a half meters.
Growing and care
As mentioned, the cultivation of amber does not imply any complex procedures. But young seedlings need to pay more attention.
The plant needs regular, but moderate irrigation. In the first year will have to water once a week, necessarily warm water. Then the frequency of irrigation can be reduced. The amount of fluid at the same time will be 3-5 buckets on the bush. Mandatory is moisture profitable watering, it is carried out in the fall. It will take about 7 buckets for him. If there is a whole gooseberry plantation on the site, it is better to give preference to the drip irrigation system.
So that the roots are amber received a lot of oxygen, the soil in the rustic circle you need to loose. The processing depth should be no more than 15 centimeters, otherwise the root system will be damaged. Often, loosening is carried out simultaneously with.
Without feeding quality and the amount of crop of this variety, it suffers very much, so they must be performed. At the end of March, an ammonary Selitra is introduced under the bushes. The solution is done easily, for this you only need to mix 20 grams of water with a bucket of water. When flowering ends, it is recommended to use a korovyt. It is bred with liquid in a ratio of 1 to 8. After the fruction of the amber bushes feed the chloride of potassium.
In addition to watering and feeding, you will also need to form a crown. In the case of this variety, they are engaged after the end of the leaf. Faint seedlings shorten on 6 kidneys. Following two years, shoots cut into two thirds. From the fifth year you can dwell only on sanitary trimming.
Another mandatory moment – support support. It can be chopling or pegs. They will need to suspend the branches. So they will not suffer from the load of berries, and the harvest fee will be easier.
Resistance to diseases and pests
Amber, subject to good and correct care, will not have trends towards diseases at all. Especially good, he confronts American torment. In rare cases, the plant is enthusiastic with anthyranets and rust. Prevent such diseases will allow the preventive treatment of fungicides.
To prevent pests to the portion, next to the gooseberry is recommended to land herbs with a sharp aroma. A good solution will pour a bushes with boiling water before the awakening of the kidneys. If the pests still appeared, it is basically a sawwl and aphid. But again, parasites come only in violation of the conditions of the agrotechnology.
Resistance to adverse climatic conditions
Amber has very high frost resistance, so it is almost never covered by winter. Exceptions in this case will be seedlings of 1-2 years and bushes growing in very cold regions with honest winter.
Amber responses overwhelmingly positive cases. Dachnips praise early time maturation and long-term fruiting culture bushes. It also tastes the taste of berries, dense skin, allowing you to easily carry the collected harvest. Did not waste gardeners with attention ease of growing, resistance to major diseases of berry.
Disadvantages at the variety too, but without it anywhere. The following disadvantages were noted:
When heat treatment, berries are rapidly welded, losing taste;
The bushes need to be taped, building supports next to them;
The plant has sharp spikes, so when harvesting, caution must be taken;
With a cool leta, the berries grow sour;
A rich shade of fruit is a “beacon” for birds, and gardeners often have to spend money on repellers and other means to keep the crop.