Many gardeners grown cabbage on their sites. In order to get a good harvest, these plantations are necessary to periodically feed various nutrients. Currently there is a considerable number of ways to feed such vegetation. Today we will talk about what kind of substances and compositions can be used for cabbage in the open ground, as well as how to use them.
It should be remembered that the cabbage has two main stages of development: early (period of greenery) and late (period of growing dry substances). These periods differ significantly from each other, therefore, feeding during them the vegetation will require different. Do not forget that the size, taste, and sometimes even life, normal growth and plant development, if the conditions for growth will be unfavorable or if the land is not properly prepared by the Earth before landing, depends on the proper choice of nutritional compositions for fertilizer.
Lached cabbage should be filled with appropriate nutrients only after 1-2 weeks after planning in the ground. At this stage, the plant will begin to stronger, form the main rod. Remember that various types of such plants may require different care, as applies to the feeding. So, for white-born vegetation, Kohlrabi and Brussels Cabbage can use different substances.
The latter is more demanding, such species will need to prepare special liquid feeding, which make a portion.
Kohlrabi cabbage requires periodic irrigation with special pulverizers. In this way, a variety of extraxormal supplements are applied for normal growth and development. The most suitable time for making nutrients is evening or early morning. The soil must necessarily be slightly moistened. If the weather is dry, then pre-exercise abundant watering. Also better to produce loosening and weeping. Use all solutions should be strictly in certain dosages. To prepare a suitable composition you need to use only warm water. It is necessary in order to ensure the prevention of fungal and other diseases.
After you have made all the necessary components in the soil, it is recommended to dip the cabbage. Such a procedure will significantly extend the validity of fertilizers. If the mulch has already lying under vegetation, it must be removed in advance before applying bait.
Remember that the introduction of diverse fertilizers will not only ensure the proper growth and development of culture, but also to protect against malicious insects and other pests appearing on such vegetation.
Than to feed?
There is a huge variety of different nutritional compounds that are suitable for cabbage fertilizer. Consider some of them Read more.
For full growth and development of this vegetation, obtaining a rich crop should provide the most nutrient soil, which will be saturated with the necessary organic compounds and microelements. For various varieties of such plants, the following chemical components are perfect.
- Nitrogen. First of all, the cabbage needs it in this element. His drawback can cause a change in the color of the upper sheets, they become pale green, the lower leaves can change the color on the reddish or a bluish shade.
- Potassium. This chemical element is often used when the sheet plates begin to actively turn yellow or when their edges dries a bit.
- Phosphorus. The disadvantage of this component leads to the fact that the growth and development of the head of the cauliflower simply stops.
- Magnesium. This element allows you to save a natural light shade of leaves. When it is short enough, they will begin to gradually die.
- Molybdenum. This substance is necessary for normal head formation.
- Boron. If it is not enough, then in some areas of plants there will be dark spots of small size, the pulp will begin to swell a little, and the top kidney will stop developing.
Nutritional formulations in finished form will become an excellent option for fertilizing such a culture. Consider the best solutions.
This substance is considered one of the most powerful and effective. Its often used for fertilizer of various plants on the gardens. But at the same time it should be used only in a strict dosage, since it is easy to overdo it. Such a selection is a mixture of crystalline sand (34% nitrogen). This solution also includes sulfur and ammonia.
This nitrate is easily and quickly dissolved in water and the soil irrigation sates it with the necessary nutritional components. But at the same time it is permissible to use it and simply in a dry form as feeding. If such a fertilizer has a type of powder, then it is falling asleep to a depth of at least 10 centimeters in the ground. You can do it with robble. The most effective result will bring the introduction of such feeding in early spring. The smallest improvement should be expected when making a substance in the autumn period of the year.
However, if in your region an increased level of humidity, then to make this serum is better than autumn.
This substance refers to mineral salts. It is a mass consisting of small white or transparent crystals. The mixture also contains sulfur, nitrogen. These components are represented by ions, due to which they are fully absorbed by plants. Such a powerful chemical is perfectly soluble in the liquid, is used to make a variety of feeding over the entire season of cultivation.
Amone sulfate is well combined with other mineral elements. It should be noted that the substance is absolutely safe for use, it also allows you to significantly improve the quality of ripened fruits, retain their juiciness and freshness for a long time.
This fertilizer is a granular composition, which contains 46% nitrogen. It does not smell, quickly dissolves in water. With an increase in the temperature regime, the urea will begin to dissolve in the liquid even faster. This solution is perfectly learned by cultures. Most often, this composition produces a spraying of early spring.
The procedure allows you to delay the flowering process, therefore the likelihood of fast flaming of flowers is reduced. Urea solution is also sometimes used as an effective means against various parasites and pests. The composition makes it possible to significantly increase yield.
Many gardeners are used to fertilize these cultures on their own prepared compositions. Their main advantage is that the soil and vegetation itself receive all the necessary nutritional components, but at the same time in the leaf plates of the plant are not formed dangerous to human health nitrates. Admitted macroelements and microsists are easily absorbed by cultures and do not wash out of the ground. Read more, get acquainted with several of them.
a piece of chalk
This component contributes to the deoxidation of the soil. It is known that Excessively acidified land does not allow seedlings to grow and form fruit, because it does not give vegetation to obtain and absorb the required amount of beneficial substances. Undercine with chalk can be used in spring or autumn. In order to prepare a solution, it will be necessary to mix 10 liters of water with one glass of crushed chalk. As an additional component, urea, ammonium salter. You can add some nitrogen-containing products.
Watering the resulting mass requires each bush. One plant accounts for about one liter.
This tool is considered one of the safest crop data. Conventional yeast can satisfy the soil with mineral elements as much as possible. They also contribute to a significant increase in the efficiency of accumulating beneficial components by plants.
For that To prepare such a mixture, it will be necessary to dilute in a complete bucket with warm water 2 or 3 packs with yeast. In this form, the mass leave for several hours so that she can wander. If you want to speed up this process, you can add some sugar sand there. On each bush accounts for one liter of such a ready-made composition.
Nitrogen, which is contained in the ammonic alcohol, is perfectly absorbed by different cultures. About two weeks before plant landing, you can pour soil with a solution with this substance (50 milliliters of alcohol on 10 liters of warm water). You can also additionally spray seedlings using a pulverizer. But at the same time Weaker composition should be used (10 milliliters of alcohol per 10 liters of fluid).
So that the mass can better stick to the cabbage, you can add some dishwashing fluid to the resulting mixture, children’s shampoo or simply economic soap. Such a solution and spray culture. Processing should be as thorough as possible so that the composition is able to get to the top and on the lower leaves.
It immediately needs to be maximally crushed in such a way that the powder mixture. If you have a coffee grinder at home, then you can do it in it. The resulting mixture is better used when landing seedlings. In this case, a small amount of shell falls asleep to the landing pits. This product is able to enrich calcium soil. When it is used, it will not be necessary to continue to make lime.
One teaspoon of boric acid needs to be combined with one full glass of steep boiling water. All this is thoroughly mixed with each other and flows into a bucket with warm water. The finished composition most often produced spraying. It is recommended to hold such a procedure in early July.
The product is used immediately before planting seedlings. In each well lowered one small fish, you can take the sprat. Fish is rich in phosphorus, but it should be remembered that because of such fertilizer in the garden will be observed.
Valerian and liquid soap
To one liter of fluid it will be necessary to add 20 milliliters of valerian and 2 teaspoons in advance crushed household soap. The finished mixture can be used for regular spraying seedlings.
This tool is the easiest to feed cabbage. It allows you to prevent the emergence of possible diseases and parasites on plants. If you use a tool as root feeding, then you will need to dissolve in 10 liters of warm water half a teaspoon of iodine. If you want to simply make a seedlings (extraordinary feeding), then it is necessary to prepare a solution with 40-50 drops on the fluid bucket.
In any case, such fertilizer should be used after irrigation in cloudy or foggy weather. Often for spraying prepare iodine compositions with a small amount of ammonia alcohol.
This agent is quite popular among the gardeners, as it is rich in many useful elements: phosphorus, calcium, sodium, molybdenum and iron. Such components can be used for cabbage fertilizer almost at each stage of culture formation. The most suitable is the ash, which remains from birch wood.
To prepare a solution, you need to pour one full glass of ash in a bucket with water. In such a form, the mass should be for 15-20 minutes. The resulting mixture is spent in the calculation of 1 liter on 1 bush. Such a composition is additionally struggling with various pests on the cabbage, including with Tli, snail.
Chicken litter or manure
They contain a lot of useful substances that allow cabbage to grow better and faster. So, manure contains a sufficient amount of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium. If you use chicken litter, then the solution should be prepared in proportions 1: 20. One liter of such a mixture falls on one bush. This tool helps to form healthy and the most strong root system.
This is a plant that covers in a moderate climate of meadows, forest glads in huge quantities, looks like a simple weed. But at the same time it is quite useful and effective fertilizer. Most often for crops make ragners. They can be used for both young and ripened bushes.
It is advisable to take a young nettle. It is most often used instead of bait with manure or with litter. Pure capacity half fill with this plant, and then all this is poured with heated liquid. The composition in this form leaves for several days.
Later all the water is drained, the contents are filtered. The resulting mixture is used directly when watering the garden. This will also need to make a solution. To do this, mix the tincture with water in proportions 1: 10. Such substance can be used several times in the season.
This liquid is very similar to meal water, since it also contains a large amount of special atomic oxygen. For irrigation of vegetation, it will be necessary to mix one liter of warm water with two tablespoons of hydrogen peroxide. The resulting composition is worth useing at intervals of 5-6 days.
The peroxide is able to saturate the soil with oxygen, increase the growth of plants, also it can help when dealing with parasites.
This substance is considered useful only for already matured kochanov. It makes it possible to make them even stronger, while they will not crack in the process of growth. To prepare a solution, you will need to mix 20 grams of soda in a bucket of water. The resulting composition of the garden is watered under the root.
This product is a valuable source of potassium, which is necessary for cabbage growth. The peel is crushed in advance (per 1 liter of water per 5 liter of water). Later, the solution insists for 5-7 days, and then all are filtering. Ready of the substance should irrigate the seedlings under the root.
So that all fertilizers can correctly perform their basic functions, you should remember the rules for using them. Before making nutrients, the Earth should be carefully moistened. The total number of feeding will be directly dependent on the range of aging grade. For early species – 2 processing, for medium and late varieties – 3-4. In this case, preventive spraying with various means should not be taken into account.
- First Prikormka. It should be done either at the stage of digging the landing holes for seedlings, or 20 days after landing. In this period, nitrogen-containing compositions play a primary role. From potash solutions it is worth refraining.
- Second subcord. It is held 10-12 days after the first. At this stage, it is advisable to use informs with chicken litter or simply by dung with 1 liter on 1 bush.
- Third subordinate. It is held after another 10 days. You can apply irrigation with various fertilizers, sometimes they take entirely complexes with trace elements.
- Fourth subordinate. It is worth exercising 20 days before the collection of ripening crop. For her, a special sulfate potassium is taken more often, it will also be possible to use a solution with ash.
When making fertilizers, it is necessary to strictly adhere to the established schedule. Too often use nutrients is not recommended, as it can only harm growing plants.
In the next video, you are waiting for additional information about feeding cabbage in open soil.