Features of planting apple trees in autumn

Apple trees are planting in autumn and spring. Both seasons are quite suitable for falling out trees and in favor of everyone you can collect an impressive stack of indisputable advantages. But choose when you still plan landing, you need to consider specific circumstances. Climatic characteristics of the region, for example, and not only their. And in all this it is worth understanding.

Features of planting apple trees in autumn

Features of planting apple trees in autumn

Timing

Autumn – It’s time for plants landing. In the summer it’s more difficult with this, the heat can all be aggravated. Rains that are often autumn, even help – so seedlings are better. Soil moisture will be optimal for the trees as they should be rooted. And if the roots dwell well, they will better absorb water and minerals that will speed up the spring vegetation. The main thing is to have time with autumn landing a month before the onset of frosts.

There is a lot of climate depends on the climate, because the cold period in the Moscow region and in Siberia, for example, comes at different times. In the middle lane, the disembarkation is better planning at the end of September and the first half of October. In the Urals, in the Leningrad region, in Siberia should have time until the end of September. Well, those who live in the south can not be in a hurry – until the end of October, the deadlines are considered favorable. But months can also be different: once anomalous heat and dry month, sometime early cold. Because it is necessary to focus on temperature indicators.

The most optimal are considered: during the day – + 10-15 degrees, at night – +5. As soon as the temperature falls below, the rooting of the tree becomes more problematic.

Features of planting apple trees in autumn

Features of planting apple trees in autumn

Choosing a place

This is one of the key steps if the landing is in the open soil. If the place is uncomfortable, even the most powerful seedling will not start growing as it could do it in the most suitable conditions for itself. Rules for choosing a place on the plot:

  • The sun area should be covered literally from all sides, an open section without shading is optimal;
  • The place should be protected from cold winds, as well as from drafts – the barrier is especially important that will be from the northern side;
  • The place should be distanced from other trees and buildings, especially for a sprawling side;
  • In the shadow and half of the apple tree do not plant how it does not do in areas with clay soil, wetlands, in lowlands.

But if the soil on the site is represented by a light loam – this is the best option for an apple. Suitable soil, and light black soil. Under the acidity, the soil must be neutral, the earth itself is fertile, loose, light, with good air and moisture transmission. On clay soils, of course, a strong apple tree is practically not to grow. Yes, and too light sandy will not cope with such a task.

Very important point regarding the choice of place – the level of groundwater. If they are at a depth of 2.5 m, no additional measures take. If the water is locked at a lesser depth, the place is chosen the most sublime. And it can be created by itself: to the help of a bulk soil, which will include the turf and the upper soil layers. Yes, the method is risky, because they can dry the roots, and the sensitivity to the frost will increase. But then I also have to install watering system.

There is such an option: the seedlings are placed at the ground level, in two places they fixes to pegs. After the trees are “installed”, the wire is fixed, their root is covered with ground so that it turns out a 30-centimeter embankment.

Put trees need strictly on a cloudy day because the sunny threatens the roots of drying.

Features of planting apple trees in autumn

Features of planting apple trees in autumn

Preparation and filling of the pit

Start standing with the fact that the pit is preparing for 2, or even 3 months before the landing of a tree. Earth must be switched and focus. The landing pit is to fill in a nutritional soil. It is thanks to the fertile high-quality refueling that a high probability of a successful start of a seedliness appears.

What it may be for the mixture:

  • compost bucket (humus will also fit);
  • upper fertile layer of soil;
  • fertilizers in the form of 100 g of superphosphate;
  • 70 g of sulfur potassium.

This is a classic, almost win-win version. But if it is necessary to have, for example, with a stretched soil, there is also a dolomite flour there. If the soil is very sour – sheltered flour, if the average or weakly acidic is 400 g approximately. The pit must be covered so that the deepening corresponds to the size of the root seedlock system. If this tree with a closed root system, the pit will be by the size of the container. Everything that was made in the pit, you need to mix it well. Then the earth needs to be normal to pour soil the soil of the village.

If the pit is too deep, the air will not go to the root system so that she can breathe. He just won’t pass so deep. It is possible that with this scenario, the roots will even start rot. If the depth of the pit, on the contrary, insufficient, roots will be naked. And the first frost can destroy them.

Features of planting apple trees in autumn

Features of planting apple trees in autumn

Algorithm of the formation of the pit under the apple tree.

  • Remove very delicately turf, then remove the upper soil layer (that is, the most fertile). They must be folded separately.
  • Next, the following centimeters of 25-30 land are removed.
  • Everything is drunk, neatly aligns.
  • The depth of the pit will be about 50 cm or a little more, and the width is the maximum meter. The most “running” size of the pit under the apple tree – 60×60 cm.
  • On the bottom, the grass down, the turne is placed. It is impossible to skip this move, because the grass together with microorganisms overloads and turns into humus. What in itself is valuable.
  • Need to prepare fertilizer in advance. It can be either as in the description above, or something like that – sheet compost, wood ash, nonstable cow manure. Can be fertilized and horse manure, but the chicken litter is completely not suitable. All these components go to the pit and thoroughly mixed there. Earth must be loose and wet.
  • A label is put, because it is not enough to prepare a hole, you need to find a seat.

If the tree has to be planted on clay soil, it is better to make a pit not so deep, but only 30 centimeters. But at the same time, its width will be one and a half meters. Thanks to this, the root system will grow to grow stirring, which is required in the case of clay soil.

Features of planting apple trees in autumn

Features of planting apple trees in autumn

Sedna planting technology

By the way, it still needs to buy and not guess with the choice. It is better to do this in a special nursery, because to buy a tree in the market from an unfamiliar seller – a risky business. Well, if it is a tree not older than two years. Need to take into account the combination of climate and varieties. The roots should not be visible damage, fungal plaque, moldiness. Roots of different lengths on one saplings – quite normal. If the roots seem excessively long, they can be cut.

Traditional

These rules are simple, and if a tree has a tree with an open root system, you do not need to be inventing the bike. Landing apple trees stepgy.

  • The pit is falling asleep, there is a slight recess, the size of the root neck.
  • Next to the tree is driven by a wooden peg, it will be support.
  • Saplot in the pit is placed in such a way that its root neck is 4 cm towering above the level of soil.
  • Roots as delicately straighten into different directions.
  • They should be sprinkled with loose soil, which periodically shakes. It is done to prevent emptiness.
  • Earth will be tamped by hand.
  • On the perimeter of the fossa, wells are formed, 2-3 will be enough. 10 liters of water (total).
  • Seedling vertically suggested to the support.
  • The soil near the tree must be dissolved, and then climb. It happens in the fall, which means that you can use foliage.

Features of planting apple trees in autumn

Features of planting apple trees in autumn

With a closed root system

Such instances of young apple trees are sold in special containers. Consider how to put a tree with a closed root.

  • The pit on sizes will be about the same, In width of 1 meter, deep – 50-60 cm.
  • The lower soil layer should be discarded, and from the upper one will have to form a soil. This means to add fertilizers and ashes to Earth. Source goes to the pit. A recess is formed in the pit, it will be in diameter, it will be proportionately by the transchange container.
  • Soil in tanks need to pour. Then the container turns over the bottom, from there the tree with roots and earthlings.
  • Tsev, right with the land, placed in the deepening deepening. The soil level in the tank and the pit must be combined. Except for a couple of centimeters an earthen kom can rise.
  • Installation is installed, the tree is suggested. All empties in the pit are falling asleep.
  • The soil must be slightly compressed, after which you can water the sapling.

Not to say that this method is especially difficult. But put trees, with due control, of course, children. Much more important to maintain plants then right and timely departure.

Features of planting apple trees in autumn

Features of planting apple trees in autumn

Subsequent care

Regular watering, as well as cutting branches – that’s what is especially important at first after landing. Pruning is carried out to forcing the process of fruiting. But she, pruning, before spring will still not pass. And it will be held for the second year after landing. Need to catch the moment while the kidney will not start on the branches. At this time, crown is trimmed, dried branches.

Other features of the care of a young apple tree:

  • The soil in the priority circles should be constantly loose, and it will prevent the weeds dangerous for the young trees;
  • For the second year, flowers can be formed – they will have to get rid of them, as it is empty;
  • If the autumn is dry, the watering should be necessarily, but not too frequent (once a week), conditionally on the tree – water bucket;
  • A week before the projected frosts, the trunks should be blocked – a water mixture of copper sulfate and ordinary chalk is suitable;
  • When frosts come to the region, the trunk should be wrapped in burlap (it is relevant only for cold regions).

There are no other special rules. If the place is chosen correctly, the seedling is healthy, put on time and technology, there are no reasons for excitement. Although the situations where “something went wrong”, of course, are not excluded.

Features of planting apple trees in autumn

Features of planting apple trees in autumn

Useful advice

Landing errors most often lead to the fact that the tree does not develop. Or does it slowly, with problems. It happens if it was decided to eat the soil only at the time of the landing, and not in advance. But in the summer, the soil in the place of the alleged landing of the apple should be filing. The fact is that fertilizer will do its work not instantly, it will take a month-other for changing the composition of the soil.

Other expert recommendations:

  • The use of a patient planting material is the reason number 1, why the tree does not take root, and it happens more often if it is bought on the market, and not in the nursery;
  • Incorrect Mulching of seedlings – also a common error, foliage and humus are placed very close to the trunk, which is precisely the bark, and the fungal diseases and bacterial infections are subsequently;
  • If a grade with a weak immunity, the risk of unjustiness is higher, it is necessary to read the characteristic of the apple variety;
  • The most common diseases of the trees – a pair, it appears due to the weak immunity of wood and insufficient preventive processes;
  • For better rooting of the tree, before planting, it is possible to trim and ground part too, shortening about 5 cm;
  • The border of the seedling towards the support passes without the use of traumatic materials (wires or synthetics), only a soft rope;
  • All nitrogen-containing feeders must have to be in spring (it makes no sense to fertilize in the fall, it is even dangerous);
  • Water for watering at least half an hour must be upset;
  • shovel before digging a pit, be sure to disinfect.

Apple tree will grow well on spacious sites. And, of course, where everything, from the selection of seedlings to disinfection tools, was made with all attention and love for the horticultural case.

Features of planting apple trees in autumn

Features of planting apple trees in autumn

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