Features of fruiting grapes

Growing grapes is now engaged in a large number of gardeners. They all try to achieve good fruiting plants on their plot.

Features of fruiting grapes

Features of fruiting grapes

Influencing factors

Initially, it is necessary to understand what exactly affects the fruction of grapes. Experienced gardeners allocate several main factors.

  • Quality of planting material. Healthy seedlings without problems are coming out on the new plot. Therefore, the seating material is worth buying in proven nurseries, as well as carefully examine before planting.
  • Select variety. When buying seedlings, it is important to take into account local climate features. Residents of cold regions do not need to buy thermal-loving grapes.
  • Search Place for landing. Grapes must be planted on the sunny side of the site. If you plan it in the north, bushes will be bad and fruit due to lack of heat and lighting.
  • Care. Behind plants need to be careful. It is impossible to leave them without feeding and irrigation. The shape of the bush must be adjusted in a timely manner. Landing is required to cut forward, removing excessive foliage and steps.

If the plants grab moisture and nutrients, they will be regularly fruit.

Features of fruiting grapes

Features of fruiting grapes

When bushes start fruit?

Plant planted in soil can start fruit already on the second or third year after landing. If the gardener acquired a 3-year-old seedling and landed it in the spring, the fruits on it may appear after a couple of months. The beginning of the fruiting plants largely depends on the selection of the variety. Some plants develop very quickly, others need to give time to grow.

To the grapes in the future pleased the gardeners abundant harvest, a plant that blooms for the first time, it is necessary to clear from the extra inflorescences. In the future, the bush will be fruit regularly. The appearance time on the shoots of fruits depends on the characteristics of the variety. As a rule, grapes fruits at the end of summer or at the beginning of autumn.

Features of fruiting grapes

Why there is no fruction and what to do?

Unfortunately, most gardeners are at least once faced with such a problem as the lack of fruiting. There are several reasons why it can occur.

  • Freezing of floral kidney. If the winter was hampered by a harsh, and the plant was not sufficiently covered, its kidneys can be damaged by frosts. Make blossom victim from cold plant is impossible. It remains only to carefully cover it with a snack or straw, getting ready for the next winter.
  • Short trimming. To harm the plant and too short trimming. So that the plant next year could be fruit, it is important to leave enough kidney on branches.
  • Excess nitrogen-containing feeding. Incompretation of fertilizers always badly affects the state of plants. Nitrogen feeders should be made in the soil only in spring. If used in summer, grape shoots will become too fragile. In addition, the plant will begin to actively build up greens. Because of this, the fruits will miss the beneficial substances. In the second half of summer, the bushes feed the potassium or phosphorus. This contributes to the proper development of fruits, as well as improved berries taste.
  • Diseases. Gardener risks remain without harvest and if the vineyard is amazed by some fungal diseases. Risk to plants represent gray rot and Mildew. To protect the vineyard, it is necessary in the fall and in the spring to handle prophylactic agents. Usually it uses a copper cunery for this purpose. Noticing signs of plant disease in summer, infected parts of grapes need to be removed using garden scissors or a secateurs.
  • Excess moisture. If the soil on the plot is too much moistened, the flowers will fall early. Warring on them will not be able to form. Therefore, it is important to choose to land the grapes on which groundwater is not too close to the ground. Plants should not wipe too often. If summer was rainy, over young grapes worth building a small canopy.
  • No pollination. It happens so that the bushes are abundant bloom, but do not be fruit. This is usually due to the fact that the inflorescences were not pollin. To this not happen, it is recommended to plant several plants of different varieties on the site. To attract the bees near the vineyard, you can also plant the vine-sized flowers. If the rains are regularly held during flowering, the plant will have to be pollinated manually.
  • Attack of pests. Significantly weaken the plant such insects such as grape wave or web tick. Fungicides are used to combat them. It is very important to destroy not only the most active insects, but also the whole colony. If this is not done, pests in a few days again attack grapes.

If you correctly care for grapes, do not let its development on samonek, the plant will regularly delight the owners of the site with a good crop of delicious and ripe berries.

Features of fruiting grapes

Features of fruiting grapes

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