Siderats bring huge benefits of plants and soil in which planted. There are many types of such cultures, and each gardener prefers verified species. It is worth considering the features of buckwheat as a Siderate.
Pros and cons
Choosing one or another Siderate, always need to consider a number of their features. Buckwheat like Siderat also has its advantages and disadvantages.
First, we will pay attention to its positive qualities.
- The main root of the plant has many branches. It grows to a depth of more than 30 cm. This leads to the fact that under the ground buckwheat occupies enough space, not leaving the chances of weeds.
- Root system as it grows and development supplies with important items, For example, formic and lemon acids. In the future, this affects how cultures planted in this soil will absorb phosphorus, which is an important nutritious element for very many plants.
- Thanks to Grechikha Soil is cleared of pest microorganisms, which provoke plant diseases. This means that landed vegetables and berries will be protected from various diseases.
- After buckwheat, The remains of the roots and beveled stems remain in the soil, overload and supply soil with nitrogen and potassium. And these components are needed to each plant – they affect growth and yields, as well as the appearance of the culture.
Pluses abound, and such prospects will delight any dachank, who wants to collect a good harvest from her beds. But you need to consider and cons. Someone will consider that they are insignificant, and for someone it will be a weighty argument.
- Buckwheat does not tolerate drought. And therefore, in the absence of rains, she needs to provide a full-fledged watering. In arid areas you need to think about this moment, for example, will it be possible to do with regular.
- The cold is also unacceptable for this culture. In the regions where spring comes late, and winter, on the contrary, it is too early to calculate the time of sowing and take into account that several times for the season there is a buckwheat, as, for example, in the southern regions.
- Besides, Not all plants are well referred to this Siderate. Therefore, you need to know what can be planted after buckwheat, but not worth it.
For which crops are used?
If it is decided that fruit trees will grow on the site, and berry shrubs, then it is very useful to sow buckwheat. Well will feel in such a soil potatoes, tomatoes, cucumbers, strawberries.
Carrots and beets are also suitable for landing in the ground after buckwheat. Grateful to such experiments will also be reacted by greens, for example, sorrel, dill, celery, parsley, cumin, fennel.
But it is worth remembering that the result will be maintained excellent for two years, and then the plants will give a harvest at the same level.
Before sowing buckwheat, It is necessary to make sure that frosts are far behind, the soil should be a fundamental to at least 10 centimeters. Usually it can be calculated only in the second half of May. For this purpose, the area is treated with a flat cut or cultivator. In heavy soil, the seeds are immersed by 3-5 cm, in light soils you can sow up to 6 cm. One square meter takes 10-15 grams. After sowing on the ground you follow the roller. If the area is small, you can simply catch the land with infirred means.
Some gardeners sow buckwheat and summer, and in the fall. But in the second case, it is necessary to verify that after ripening the plant before the frosts passed the month of one and a half. That is, you need to focus on the climate of your region. If, for example, in the Krasnodar Territory, it may be the beginning of October, then in the Far East, such a procedure should be carried out in the first days of September.
In warm areas, you can have time to plant a buckwheat even three times during the summer season. This will allow for a long time to forget about weeds.
Shoots appear a week after seeding. If it is warm weather, in a month flowers will appear.
Tips for care
Most gardeners prefer to improve the quality of the earth with buckwheat, as it does not require much care. The main thing is to allocate time for planting and cleaning, and also correctly produce this process.
Buckwheat is distinguished by the unpretentiousness and short duration of the growing season. In the first place here is sufficient moisture. No more agrotechnical procedures required. But with irrigation, you need to figure it out.
If the rain in the summer – the phenomenon is frequent, then water, in general, do not need. But if it is hot dry weather, then every week sowing will have to water. At the same time you need to follow, so that the soil was moistened, but not oversaturated with moisture.
Duration of mowing
After the plants appeared the first flowers, as a rule, must pass 30-40 days. Sailish and ripening depends on the variety of buckwheat. Middle after a month after the appearance of the first flowers. Cut off the top honor of the plant, the roots try to cut, capturing 7-8 cm.
Then part of the resulting mass is mixed with the Earth – it will serve as a compost. Remains of this mass can be scattered over the surface, they will perform the role of mulch. After that, the land does not touch at least two weeks, but better and all three. This time should be enough for the earth to receive all nutritional elements. After that, you can already start planting planned crops.
Features of buckwheat like a seedrate are given in video.