Features of ammonia nitrate and the rules for its introduction

Almost every dacket with experience knows whatammonium nitrate and how she looks. Should know what benefits this substance brings, and for what it is necessary.

What is it and for what you need?

This drug with proven high efficiency is Mineral nitrogen fertilizer of universal type. It is usually produced in a granular form, the shade of the mixture is yellowish-white. Insolved granules, with gray in composition. In a different way, this fertilizer is called ammonium nitrate or ammonium nitric acid. The composition of ammonium nitrate as a percentage is as follows:

  • sulfur – up to 13%;
  • ammonia – up to 52%;
  • Nitrogen – up to 35%.

In natural conditions, nitrogen is a volatile substance, that is, very quickly losing their useful properties. On average, after opening the packaging, the substance should be used for 14-20 days.

In horticulture, ammonium nitrate is used for:

  • general mineralization of soil;
  • increase crop yields (up to 50%);
  • protection of plants from bacterial and fungal diseases;
  • improvement of the photosynthesis process;
  • improving the taste qualities of fruits;
  • Acceleration of Green Power Plants.

Fertilizer has a number of differences in the composition, manufacturer and total concentration.

  • Selitra produced Chile. In its composition prevails sodium, thanks to which root ripens ripen faster.
  • Sielet Magniene – Great option to feed legumes.
  • Simple ammonia Selitra, which is used in agriculture.
  • Norwegian production fertilizer with calcium adding. Successfully applies if the root system is clearly reloaded.
  • Lime type. It combines calcium and magnesium oxides. Scope of use – exhausted soil.
  • The preparation of the brand “B”. Usually packaged in small packages, they feed indoor plants. Does not contain sulfur, it is pure nitrogen.
  • Sielet potasho. Improves the taste of fruits of different cultures.

Ammonium nitrate is one of the cheapest fertilizers in the market. This is a very affordable option for both ordinary gardeners and industrial scales. The specific properties of this fertilizer can be attributed to its undoubted advantages:

  • is a good soil acidifier;
  • without falling out the precipitate dissolves in water;
  • Includes 2 types of nitrogen: one acts quickly, the second – gradually;
  • well absorbed regardless of soil temperature.

There are also no need to forget about the flaws:

  • If the soil is acidic, the saltper does not apply;
  • in overdose burns the roots of plants;
  • Spray the fertilizer leaves can not – it leads to their burns.

Note that this feeder is quite strong, it can both help and harm cultures. If it is wrong to use it, you can simply burn the crop.

Norms of application

The amount of nitrate additive depends on 2 main factors:

  • from the type of culture;
  • From the soil composition.

Mainly to achieve maximum effect Fertilizer is applied in spring time, Since the abundance of precipitation in the fall will simply wash the saltter from the soil. The duration of the drug on average is 2 weeks, and after 30 days, the feeder can be re-made.

Celling from ammonium nitric acid can be used both in a dry form and as a solution. Early spring drug can be used right on the snow. In the ground, the granules fall asleep after pumping, and the solution can be diluted for trees and shrubs. You can make a solution for feeding, following the following instructions:

  • Consider that 1 tablespoon contains 13 g of Selitera;
  • do not mix the remedy with other fertilizers;
  • Dissolve granules in warm water, fall asleep with small portions;
  • If shrubs are required, the extension rate is 20 g of the preparation on a 10-liter water container;
  • When making fertilizers for vegetables, 10-12 g per 10 liters of water is used.

If we talk about making a dry matter, then for vegetable crops, the norm is 30-40 g per square meter of soil, for shrubs we introduce 10-15 g to each well.

What you can get down?

For feeding a young seedlings, an ammonium saltper is used extremely rare, as it can simply burn sprouts. Therefore, the use of it for seedlings must be accompanied by abundant irrigation. Note that the zucchini, pumpkin and patissons are better not to feed, since these cultures are prone to the accumulation of nitrates. But the use for berry shrubs, lawns, indoor plants, various colors is only welcome.

Usually in the country and in the garden there will always be to fertilize. For example, loved by a huge number of roses gardeners. In this case, the algorithm of action is:

  • In early May, one tablespoon of the drug is divorced in 10 liters of water;
  • Under each bush we introduce about 6 liters of solution;
  • After 3 weeks we repeat the feeding to stimulate the development of buds;
  • After the first colors, it is no longer making a nickname.

Concerningindoor plants, their ammonium nitrate fertilize to speed up growth. One pinch of granules are bred in a wateringtern volume of 1.5 liters. Most often, such feeders are carried out in spring when plants most need nitrogen and are actively growing. Putting a spraying of plants with a saltter solution is not recommended, since the flower can be elementary to burn.

Influence the feeding of ammonium uniforms on barley and winter wheat. Barley – Very Responsive Culture. In the period of adversary, it is most of all the need for nitrogen, which compensates for the introduction of ammonium nitrate. Winter wheat is needed nutrients, and a whole complex. In particular, it is feeding in early spring during flowering period and during grain formation.

Typically, the soil fertilize ammonium nitrate before sowing. Calculate 30 kg per 1 ha’s soil. Nitrogen increases wheat yield, affects height and thickness of wheat bushes. When working with fertilizer it is worth remembering that it is explosive.

For other crops there are its own features of making fertilizer granules.

Tomatoes

For feeding Tomatov Ammonia Selitra contributes in combination with superphosphate and potash salt. When the tomatoes are planted at a permanent place, the saltpeter is added at the rate of 1 tablespoon on the landing fossa. When seedling starts blooming, 5 g of fertilizer is made on each square meter of soil. Nitrogen saturation contributes to increasing green mass tomatoes and strengthening stems.

Cucumbers

Many specialists inform the gardeners that the cucumbers are very quickly accumulating nitrates. So, Fertilizers should be made with great care, not exceeding the recommended dosages. Ammonia Selitra makes most often before planting cucumber seeds in the ground. You can simply scatter granules in the snow during its active melting. Water cucumbers with a solution during the period of active height of the woven, before the start of flowering. The rate of application – 15-20 g of the drug on 10 liters of water.

Strawberry

Initially, the beds for strawberries contribute compost or humus. This is done before disembarking the berries for a permanent place. In the first year after landing for this culture, nitrogen-containing fertilizers are not recommended. Their presence can provoke chopping up.

When the second season begins, 100 g of fertilizer per 1 square meter is introduced in the spring time. In the aisle, you can make grooves are not deeper than 1 cm, put the granules in them and produce watering. You can also dissolve ammonium nitrate. Take 30 g fertilizers, diluted in 1 liter of water and watered with this composition every bush under root.

Potato

For annual flickering potatoes Ammonia Selith – the best option. The settings are as follows:

  • If the soil is poor, exhausted – 20 g for each well with potatoes (in dry);
  • If the earth is in good condition – 10 g under each tube.

Usually potatoes are poorly absorbed by the substances that it feeds it. therefore Impact all vitamins should be directly in the wells. The lack of any substances in potatoes is expressed very specific. On one plant, it can manifest itself, and the growing bushes will be completely healthy. Or have several bushes in different sides of the garden. On all plants it can be seen when the lack of a particular substance becomes critical.

Garlic

For the first time, it is possible to feed garlic Ammonium Selutyra, both in spring and autumn, it depends on the time of planting culture. Dilsert 30 g of nitrates on 10 liters of water and contribute to the soil. Even after making a solution, garlic is abundant. For the entire period of vegetation, the feeder is carried out 4 times. The latter is carried out in a couple of weeks before harvest.

In the hot period, only the solution is used, in the cool – granules.

Onion

Watering Luke ammonium Selitra allows not only to improve its taste, but also scare pests. It is important that the onion absorbs nitrogen at a huge speed. The earlier to start the processing of Luke, the better the harvest will be. But that all the growth does not go into the pen, fertilizers stop after 1 decade after the appearance of germs.

Gardeners processing are produced like this: fully fertilize the soil before cold. In the spring feed the land of the Selutyra, only before landing onion. There are no more than 3 cm widths on the beds, granules make, and after 20 minutes water water. So the smelter interacts with the soil and absorbs better.

How to store fertilizer?

Any gardener should not be neglected Regular storage conditions for fertilizers. Ammonia Selith is a dangerous substance, so it is necessary to store it in a dry room with good ventilation. And behind the air temperature, it will also be followed, it should not exceed + 30 ° C. Store Selitra under a canopy or outdoors is prohibited categorically. If we talk about agricultural organizations, the storage of Selitra is coordinated with fire supervision. Items and liquids that light light up, you can not hold nearby. Storage packaging should be hermetic, and also to sign it better.

As for the shelf life, usually manufacturers indicate 6 months, which fully complies with GOST. There are gardeners who are confident that nitrogen feeds are harmful to human health.

Specialists clarify that harm to health can be applied only with excessive enthusiasm for feeding, when making huge doses of fertilizer. With the right, rational approach, no harm nitrogen fertilizers are applied.

In the next video, you will learn about the differences of urea from ammonium nitrate.

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