The grafting of sweet cherry to other fruit trees is in great demand among gardeners. With this procedure, you can improve the state of the plant and get a delicious, rich harvest. However, the manipulation requires special knowledge, so first it is necessary to familiarize themselves with its advantages and disadvantages, as well as explore the grafting rules to get a qualitative result.
Advantages and disadvantages of vaccination
One of the advantages of the tree vaccination is Restoration of the angry plants, improving the taste of fruits and the adaptation of southern grades to the cool climate. If you follow all the recommendations of specialists, you can strengthen the immunity of cherry, and it will be more resistant to pests and diseases. Due to this method of reproduction, residents of cold regions can grow delicious fruits. Despite the complexity of manipulation, it can bring great benefits if you do everything right.
The vaccination allows you to remove other varieties, crossing a snesh with a drain, alchy and some other fruit trees, while the quality of the native variety does not deteriorate, and this is important. If the plant has mechanical damage, it can be recovered using a given. Another advantage of vaccinations is that it provides the ability to shift the harvest date than experienced specialists actively enjoy. This period can be stretched even to one and a half months. As for the shortcomings, they also have, it is important to take into account. There is no guarantee that the lead is captured, so it is most often recommended to make a blank of a large number of cuttings. With a lack of experience, you can harm the plant, and if the maternal will be lost, it will not be possible to restore. The new branch does not affect the quality of the stock, so manipulation will have to spend several times. However, you need to provide high-quality careful care, follow the condition of the tree, take into account the weather conditions, as the garden immunity is too weak.
Many novice gardeners think about whether it is possible to make a sneer. Experts argue that there will be low survival rate due to different juices.
Practice shows that berries get small and lose a pronounced taste, besides, there may be tart. This means that putting a fruit tree is needed to certain species and varieties to get the desired result.
Time is of great importance, it is important to understand when it is to engage in the vaccination of fruit trees to achieve the goal. It all depends on the terrain in which the garden is grown, as the climate in the middle band is different from the southern or northern part of the country. In each region, the trees have a different period of active inacidation, if it is a warm climate, work can be started at the end of March, and for the middle strip in Russia, April comes. The main condition is the absence of frosts, the temperature should not fall below 3 degrees Celsius. Experts recommend checking on the frost resistance, it is enough to cut a branch for this and inspect the damage place – if it quickly darkens, the spring manipulation will not fit.
If you do a procedure in the summer, the update starts in the first week of June, if the region is cool, it is better to wait until the middle of the month. During the pair of days, it is necessary to pour out abundantly, soak cuttings in a mixture with a biostimulant. If you are interested in autumn vaccination, it is important to take into account that it is the most problematic, especially if you are new to this area. In the warm and soft climate, the temperature differences are insignificant, so the rejuvenation of the plant can be held from September to October. Cherry is a capricious culture that requires special conditions.
Despite this, following the basic rules will quickly achieve results, the main thing is to calculate the term, use special means and perform everything according to the instructions.
What can you put?
The grafting of cherry can be on the fruit tree of certain types, so it is important to study this question. The plant for the stock should be chosen carefully. Cherry can be copied to a cherry, it will improve the taste of the harvest, so if you do not satisfy the result, you can use this option. You can collect fruit for the next year, which is proven in practice. Alycha and plum are also suitable for similar manipulations, because these are bone trees.
It is worth noting that One of the main advantages is to strengthen the plants, especially if the garden is close to groundwater. As for the cherry, it is perfectly leaving with cherries, besides, the tree will become more resistant to climatic changes and will withstand harsh winters. The cherry is an excellent trip for vaccination, as it is a strong culture that is rarely subjected to diseases and withstands the high fruitiness of berries. The only thing that is important to take into account, in the course of this manipulation, the fruits will be unusual, to taste more close to the cherry, but externally remind the cherry.
Turn vaccination takes no less demand, especially if you want to try Different varieties of Alychi. With the correct procedure, the crop will be successful and rich. Experts do not recommend vaccinating a cherry to an apple tree or rowan, they are incompatible. The pear refers to the discharge of seeds, so it can also not be an ideal option for. Professionals are engaged in studying the technician vaccinations in nurseries, where all the necessary conditions have been created for this.
Prevention against pests plays an important role, and it does not depend on whether the summer vaccination or spring. Every couple of weeks, a loose tree needs to be processed using insecticides. If the branches were removed from the tape, they need to be protected. The billet of cuttings in the southern parts of the country begins in early December before the onset of frosts, in the middle lane, resort to this in the end of autumn. They must be stored in a cool place, it can be a cellar or a barn.
A mixture of sawdust, peat and sand fit into the box and slightly moistened, after that it is sent to the brought and covers to protect it from light. If there is no such room, you can use the usual refrigerator, the cuttings are well preserved in such cold conditions, each twig should be wrapped with wet marks, cover with web and polyethylene. The material should not dispel or be too wet, as the wood will freeze. We are being called a plant to which the cuttings will be taken, it is a young tree that is already adapted to the climate of this or that region. The best choice will be a culture of up to 10 years, so the process will happen much faster. We will drive the escape of the tree, which is sitting. Cuttings are harvested in autumn, and in the spring there is an ads. The length of each must be up to 40 cm, the diameter of the twigs of 5 cm. It can be shoots 1 year with growth kidney. So that manipulation was successful, it is important to comply with certain rules.
One of them is the use of clean tools and gloves. Sections can not touch, use only a sharp knife so as not to leave cracks, jar or irregularities. It is desirable that the cuttings after vaccination remain motionless, so the impunity should be dense. For putty, a garden Var is used, after a couple of weeks to check whether the lead passed on, they testify to the shoots that will begin to appear from the kidneys.
It is important to follow, there is no pest, and provide high-quality watering.
Your attention is proposed instructions regarding different methods of cherry vaccination, regardless of what region you live, be it near Moscow or South Areas. If you do everything correctly in the fall, you can choose one of the presented ways, each of them has its own characteristics that it is important to explore.
Dry cutlery should be done under a 30-siege angle, the end is determined to the state of the wedge. It must be inserted on the side, having previously cutting the bark and the bond. Green layers should be combined, then the trigger is tightly fixed on the trunk, and open spaces are treated with water. It is important to isolate this damaged place, you can use a package or food film. After 4 weeks it will be needed to check how many cuttings have passed, formed kidneys will say.
This method is in great demand, you will need to combine the cuttings with the trunk, making sure that both parts with the same diameter to form one whole. Kosy cuts are made both on the trial and on the break, it is possible to fix with the help of a tape. Experts make sploots in cuts to connect. After 2 weeks the package can be removed.
This method is suitable when the tree trunk is much thicker than the splash. Sections should be smooth, the centered cut at a depth of up to 5 cm, where the stalk is inserted. Make sure that the parts are tightly connected to each other, then fasten with the material and squeeze the cuts of the garden water, on the finish straight cutken, is enveloped by a polyethylene package.
The check must be performed after 3-4 weeks, if the kidneys are swollen and blossomed, it means everything was done correctly.
This method is designed in cases where there is a strong intact. The method is as follows – a smooth cut on the branch is made, the cuttings cut down and cut across the oblique. So that the wound quickly overgrown, the vaccination can be done immediately from several sides. The branch must come in for 2 weeks.
Here you need to put a separate kidney, not a stalk. It is extremely important to prevent drying, so after removal it must be immediately put on a wet material. The bark is not considered enough T-shaped outbreak, there and inserted to the lead, it is important to make sure that there is no free space.
This method is distinguished by a little. The prepared end of the cutlets is introduced into the cut-off wedge, the sleep should be smoothly horizontal, deepen by 6 mm on top and 2 mm below, the height should not exceed 5 cm. The selected branch must coincide with the parameters and fixed with an insulating tape.
Since the cherry survived a serious operation, it must recover, and in this she can help. Watering a tree you need to exercise every week. Before the onset of flowering, it is important to make a roasting feeder, the same applies to the fruit tierste. If new processes appeared on the stock, they need to be removed, otherwise they will begin to select all the juices of culture and suspend the development of the tree.
It is recommended to regularly inspect, checking the tightness of the film. If the kidneys appeared on the bid, protective polyethylene can be removed so that the plant continues to develop. On the next spring, the shoots on the wire must be trimmed, it will make it possible to form a neat crown. Three years after the vaccination, fat branches are removed, which grows under an acute angle and along the barrel. Using simple recommendations, you will be satisfied with the result.