Description of the whiteflink on tomatoes in the greenhouse and methods of struggle

Bellenka – a frequent guest on cultivated plants, including tomatoes. How to reveal the pest and what ways to deal with him, let’s talk below.

Description of the whiteflink on tomatoes in the greenhouse and methods of struggle

Description of the whiteflink on tomatoes in the greenhouse and methods of struggle

What kind of pest?

The whiteflink refers to the family of small milk insects. It can parasitize almost on any cultural plant in the garden, but most often it prefers to settle in the greenhouses in view of the fact that the climate is for it there is the most favorable. This insect is a small butterfly with dimensions not exceeding and 2.5 millimeters. It looks like mole. Due to the fact that the whitefold is so small, it is difficult to find it. It is difficult, moreover, as the initial habitat, she chooses exactly the lower part of the landing foliage. However, if plants touch, you can see a whole swarm of these insects. They rarely fly away from their residence far away trying most of the time to spin around it.

This pest matures very active. In just season it can produce up to 15 generations! Each female for one time can postpone up to 290 eggs. In cold periods, the activity of reproduction of this insect decreases, but it does not die, and hides up to better times in the upper layers of the soil or under the old foliage, in winter, whiteflies live exclusively in greenhouses. If the temperature of the air masses reaches 10 degrees and then falls lower, then adult insects are usually dying, but pending eggs are able to survive short frosts. The larvae of this pest have a light yellow color, their size is only 0.8 millimeters. They live only on the bottom of the leaflet.

This parasite often loves tomatoes, and if it does not get rid of it as soon as possible, it can lead to the death of the plant.

Description of the whiteflink on tomatoes in the greenhouse and methods of struggle

Causes of appearance

The reasons for the appearance of the whiteflink on tomatoes can be a lot.

  • You can put the larvae of this insect with a purchased seedler, which could be amazed before, and no one was engaged in her treatment. In addition, a great influence on the occurrence of the parasite has a favorable climate. High temperatures, bad ventilation and good humidity – everything that is required for active breeding and development of white.
  • Unprocessed soil can also be one of the reasons. There may be insect larvae in it, which will subsequently lead to their distribution and harvest.
  • Another seedler of the pest can serve as weeds from which he moves into cultivated plants. Infect healthy plants can and remains of last year’s foliage, on which larvae remained.
  • Affects the increase in whitefall population and landing lug. Too close plants arrangement to each other allows malicious butterfly to precipitate in a short time much more than their number.

Description of the whiteflink on tomatoes in the greenhouse and methods of struggle

Description of the whiteflink on tomatoes in the greenhouse and methods of struggle

Signs of occurrence and danger

This parasite, despite its small sizes, causes great harm to plants. Especially dangerous whitefly for weakened tomatoes, destroy which it can very quickly. The danger of this butterfly lies in the fact that, first, she eats the foliage of landings, and secondly, he eats a sweet substance, because of which the fungus is formed, as a result of which the foliage begins to black and roll, and the fruiting falls sharply. In addition, the plant loses its green mass that needs him for the implementation of a full-fledged process of photosynthesis.

Votes the appearance of the pest can such signs as a sharp rise in the growth and development of landings without concrete reasons, A large amount of white midges, larvae on the bottom of the leaf, sticky substance on the leaves, which is the result of the vital activity of the parasite. In addition, the tomato foliage begins to unexpectedly fold, turn yellow and die, and serous spots and blaracing can be formed on the plant itself, signing about the beginning of the development of viral fungus, the cause of which is precisely whose occurrence.

If you do not bring this pest in time and run the situation, then you will endure the plants in the end, you can hardly succeed, and you can even dream about the crop in this case.

Description of the whiteflink on tomatoes in the greenhouse and methods of struggle

Description of the whiteflink on tomatoes in the greenhouse and methods of struggle

How to get rid of?

Chemicals

Chemical methods Many dackets are not used very much because they consider them poison. Mostly, the treatment is carried out only in cases where there were a lot of parasites on plants, and it is impossible to defeat them in other ways. In such situations, it is recommended not to slow, trying to eliminate the pest with folk recipes, and resort to chemicals, otherwise there is a risk of losing a plant and stay without harvest. Chemicals have great efficacy and act fairly quickly, but it is necessary to apply them, which clearly follow the instructions and complying with the safety regulations. Otherwise, you can only apply the harm to yourself.

Note that it is necessary to fight insects using chemicals in protective clothing, it is possible to spray plants with them only using the respirator. Otherwise, chemicals can get into the skin or in the airways. The most effective chemicals in the fight against the whiteflies are the means as “phytoverm”, “carbofos”, “Aktar”, “Akttellik”, “Talstar”, “Spark” and “Certificate”. Note that to fully relieve pests, you must sprinkle not only infected plants, but all the others who may look healthy at first glance, but they can also be larvae.

Pay attention to the fact that such drugs have an impact not only on parasites, but also on useful insects, which are engaged in pollination and eliminating pests. Chemicals can be swung them, and therefore it is recommended to use them only in critical situations.

Description of the whiteflink on tomatoes in the greenhouse and methods of struggle

Description of the whiteflink on tomatoes in the greenhouse and methods of struggle

Mechanical methods

These methods are more suitable provided that there are not so many insects on your plants. Such methods imply the use of sticky tapes, lipukes and fumigators. They will help noticeably reduce the number of pests, but it will have to install all these devices on a regular basis, because in the fight against the larvae they are powerless. You can buy this kind of trap in any cottage store. At the same time, we will note that it is recommended to give preference to traps of yellow color, as parasites are more actively underway.

Description of the whiteflink on tomatoes in the greenhouse and methods of struggle

Description of the whiteflink on tomatoes in the greenhouse and methods of struggle

Biological methods

These methods, in contrast to chemicals, eco-friendly. They mean the use of beneficial insects that can eliminate parasites by eating them. These insect assistants include ethnophages, God’s cow, a fur-eyed, a rider beetle, Makrolofus and Encarzia Claop. You can buy such insects in some stores for summer residents.

Description of the whiteflink on tomatoes in the greenhouse and methods of struggle

Description of the whiteflink on tomatoes in the greenhouse and methods of struggle

Folk methods of struggle

This kind of methods are effective at the initial stages of pest development, as well as in preventive purposes. In deferred cases, they can only help in combination with other means.

The biggest plus of such funds is that they are completely safe for both the environment and the person himself, and you can make them personally at home.

  • Soap mortar. If the plant is affected by slightly, then this tool will be able to help you. To make it preparation you will need 20 grams of the cooler household soap and liter of heated water. All this must be mixed and beat well by waiting for the appearance of foam. After that, the solution can be used by wiping them the contaminated leaves several times a day. Do it is necessary until the insects are fully delivered.
  • Vinegar. This solution is also not distinguished by difficulty in preparation. You will need a bucket of water, 10 teaspoons of vinegar and several tablespoons of detergent, which acts as velcro. Treatment with such a means must be carried out with an interval of 5-10 days, this will allow you to almost completely deliver your plants from the harmful butterfly.
  • Tobacco. For a solution based on this component you need to buy cigarettes without filter. It will take all packs. From cigarettes you need to get tobacco and dilute it with a liter of heated water. All this should be well broken, what will take about 5 days. You can use the tool, predetermined it. After that, spraying with an interval of 3 days should be done, it is necessary to do it until the pest is fully elected.
  • Garlic. To create this solution you will need 2 chopped garlic cloves and liter of water. The whole mixture must draw about a day, after which it must be strain and used to spray tomatoes and processing the upper layers of greenhouse soil. It is necessary to process all this 3 times with an interval of 7 days.
  • Ash. Another effective recipe for which a glass of wood ash and 5 liters of heated water will be required. All this is necessary to mix well and give 4 hours for tincture. After that, the mixture must add 50 grams of the cooler household soap, mix all this and strain. Conduct spraying by this tool requires 3 days in a row.
  • Ammonia. To create a solution based on this component, you will need a water bucket and 35 milliliters of ammonia. All this needs to mix. Processing plants are necessary with an interval of 3 days, achieving full getting rid of the whiteflink on tomatoes.
  • Dandelions. For this infant you will need 30 grams of finely chopped rhizomes of the plant, 40 grams of its fresh leaves and a liter of water. All this is required to mix and insist 2-3 hours. After tincture, the solution must be strain and use it immediately for treating tomato foliage.

Repeat processing process is necessary with an interval of 10-15 days.

Description of the whiteflink on tomatoes in the greenhouse and methods of struggle

Description of the whiteflink on tomatoes in the greenhouse and methods of struggle

Prevention measures

Fully get rid of such a pest like a whitefly, difficult. However, you can try to prevent its appearance by accepting preventive measures.

  • It is necessary to regularly check the plants for the presence of this pest. This will help get rid of the parasite in the first stages of development, without allowing its dissemination and exacerbation of the situation.
  • Seared plants need to be correctly, observing a certain distance between the bushes.
  • In order to prevent tomato infection, it is necessary to perform disinfection on a regular basis, which will prevent infection of landings. It is also recommended to disinfect the soil with the help of copper. The solution based on it is done using 200 grams of this component and 10 liters of water. Tillage is carried out 1 time with an interval of 3 years.
  • It is also necessary to track the climate, trying to prevent excess moisture. If your plants are planted in a greenhouse, it is recommended to ventive regularly.
  • After the final assembly of fruits in the fall, the soil should be swapped and eliminate all the remnants from old plants, as pest larvae could remain on them.
  • In addition, prophylactic purposes are recommended to carry out plant processing by folk remedies.

Having attached efforts to comply with all these measures, you will definitely enjoy a good and rich harvest, which will pay off the time and strength you spent.

Description of the whiteflink on tomatoes in the greenhouse and methods of struggle

Description of the whiteflink on tomatoes in the greenhouse and methods of struggle

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