Currant riddle

  • Authors: Litvinova B.M. (All-Russian Selection and Technological Institute of Horticulture and Nursery)
  • Appeared when crossed: Nina x rival
  • Year of assumptions: 1986
  • Timing of ripening: middle time ripening
  • Type of growth: middle-resistant
  • Yield: Good
  • Purpose: Universal
  • Mass of berries, g: 1.2-1.5
  • Epishers: replavel, brown, shiny
  • Sheet: Large, dark green, matte

See all the characteristics

Currant Riddle is considered one of the best. Berries contain a large amount of vitamin C. They are consumed fresh, prepare jelly, jams, floppers, syrups, compotes, kisins, dried, frozen. Suitable for garden sites and industrial cultivation.

History of removal

The grade was obtained on the basis of the All-Russian Selection and Technological Institute of Horticulture and Nursery Breeders in the breeder in. M. Litvinova when recovering the varieties of Nina and the opponent. In the State Register introduced in 1986.

Description of varieties

The bush is mediteralous, compact, thick, straight brown brown branches, young – light green with reddish painted, weakly populated. Large leaves, puffed, dark green, matte around the edge with short teeth. Blooms in the second half of May. Flowers are small, cups with pink petals, collected in the brush of 8-20 pieces. Life life of about 15 years.

Characteristic of berries

Large weight up to 1.2-1.5 g, but can reach 2.2 g, rounded with a small influx near the twig, iscin-black with yellow clips, tight brilliant skin, seeds a little. Have a high transport. Dry berries convenient to transport, stored in the refrigerator up to 7 days.

Taste qualities

Sweet dining taste, fragrance pleasant. Sugar content – 5.4%, vitamin C – 160 mg per 100 g. Evaluation during tasting 4 points.

Ripening and fruiting

The first berries appear for the next year after landing. It is considered the type of average ripening time, harvest from the end of August to the beginning of September.

Yield

From one plant remove about 3 kg.

Regions growing

Recommended for cultivation in Central, Volga-Vyatsky, North Caucasus Regions. It is often planted in other areas of Russia as well as CIS countries.

Self-duration and the need for pollinators

Additional pollinators for fruiting are not needed, but if there are other kinds of currant, it increases the harvest.

Landing

Prefers fertile soil, better driving, weakly acidic or neutral. Groundwater should be located no closer than 1.5 m from the surface. Choose for currant light, closed from wind space on southern or southwest side.

The best landing time is the last numbers of March or the beginning of September, at the air temperature from +10 degrees. Grokes jump to a depth of 25 cm and bring to 1 kV. M: Superphosphate – 150 g, sulfate potassium – 20-30 g, organic – 4 kg.

Wells make 50×50 cm in size, shed every 0.5 liter of water buckets. Seedling placed under a slope of 45 degrees. The root neck is plugged by 4 cm, puffed up soil and pour out 0.5 buckets. Tops cut off, retaining 3 kidneys over the surface. Mulch peat, dry ground, humus.

Growing and care

The plant needs feeding and regular irrigation. With a long lack of moisture, the leaves begin to fade. Roots are located close to the surface and should not stop for a long time. Excessive overvolding will lead to the appearance of rot. Watering is carried out throughout the season, with the exception of rainy periods, approximately by half. Wine watered in October: approximately 20-30 liters of water on the bush.

Feed it over the season 3 times, the yield and disease resistance may decrease without fertilizer. In the spring, nitrogen additives are used: in March – ammonic nitrate, urea, bird litter or korovyan, they are bred in water and watered, after the end of flowering, potassium makes 5-7 g, superphosphate – 10 g and the organic, after removing the crop – comprehensive fertilizers or nitroammophos.

Currant must be cut periodically, removing old and damaged shoots, the side is also removed. Zagazi are formed on four-year and five-year-old branches, six-year twigs cut out annually. In the summer of a macushkin of a young increase pinch. Permissible culture culture on a set.

Resistance to diseases and pests

A variety has a good immunity to anthracnose, this disease does not show itself even on young rapid seedlings. Rarely amazed by the kidney tick. Shows high resistance to mildew. The greatest danger is a word, to destroy insects they are treated with a solid of wood ash. Before the appearance of buds for the prevention of pest attacks spray burgundy liquid. With irregular care, immunity culture decreases somewhat.

Inclined to be amazed by terrain. The sick plant will have to destroy. Virus carriers may be insects: bugs, wave, ticks. Therefore, when the first signs of the disease, it is necessary to start struggling with them. The affected areas are removed, the plant and the ground are treated with biological preparations: “Lepiocid”, “Bitoksisbacillin”.

Resistance to adverse climatic conditions

Winter-hardy view, withstand temperatures up to -25 degrees. In regions with a lower winter temperature, culture is recommended to cover. At the end of September or beginning of November, cropped bushes flex to the soil and press board. If the temperature is likely to reduce the temperature to -35 degrees, the currants bury. From spring frosts can be covered with paper or agricultural. Nice tolerate short-term drought.

Review reviews

Gardeners celebrate this variety for very large berries and their chic taste. It is considered one of the most favorite varieties. Some call the currants of the mystery of the capricious, but it is incredibly tasty and very like to children.

Rate the article
( No ratings yet )
Add comments

;-) :| :x :twisted: :smile: :shock: :sad: :roll: :razz: :oops: :o :mrgreen: :lol: :idea: :grin: :evil: :cry: :cool: :arrow: :???: :?: :!: