Currant Exotic

  • Authors: T. NS. Orezova, Z. WITH. Zotov, S. D. Knyazev, L. IN. Bayanova (VNII Selection of fruit crops and gardening of Siberia. M.BUT. Lisenavenko)
  • Appeared when crossed: Sewer Dove X BradTorp
  • Year of assumptions: 2001
  • Timing of ripening: early ripening
  • Type of growth: middle-resistant
  • Purpose: Universal
  • Mass of berries, g: 1.8-2.5
  • Tasting evaluation: 4.3 points
  • Epishers: thick, straight, shiny, gray with a gray-yellow tip, with long interstices; growing – light green, unopened, painted by anthocian
  • Sheet: large, five-pointed, green, shiny, wrinkled

See all the characteristics

Black currant – classic of gardens and household plots, is considered one of the most common cultures in our country. All species have their own features, pros and cons. The above fully applies to the exotic variety, whose fruits are suitable for use in the fresh form, for cooking and jams. The varieties are grown both in private areas and on industrial scales, since it is suitable for mechanized cleaning.

History of removal

The originates of the variety are breeders of the selection of fruit cultures and gardening of Siberia them. M. BUT. Lisavenko – T. NS. Orezova, Z. WITH. Zotov, S. D. Knyazev, L. IN. Bayanov, who worked on crossing currant sighs of dove and bredtorp. For use, the variety is allowed in 2001.

Description of varieties

Cathedral bushes have an average thickening. Soothes gray and thick, straightforced, unopened, with long interstices, change painting on gray-yellow color closer to the tops. Young light green shoots of the current year are covered with shiny skin and painted by Anthocian.

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Validity of the variety:

  • winter hardiness;
  • Self-slope;
  • Society;
  • High yield and strong immunity.

Large green five-bladed foliage has a shiny wrinkled surface, standard depth dissection and cloths around the edges. White flowers and quite large size are assembled into medium length peeling brushes with 8-10 berries. Wide cups have medium sizes.

Characteristic of berries

Rounded black berries possess an impressive mass – from 1.8 to 2.5 grams.

Taste qualities

Juicy refreshing sour and sweet pulp is covered with thin skin. The chemical composition contains: sugars – 8.9%, ascorbic acid – 197.1 mg / 100 g, soluble dry substances – 12.8%, as well as titrated acids – 2.8%, anthocyans – 101.1 mg / 100 g , leicoantocyans – 151.7 mg / 100 g, catechins – 431.7 mg / 100 g and the amount of p-active substances – 684.5 mg / 100 g. Tasting rating – 4.3 points out of 5 possible.

Ripening and fruiting

SPRING (3-4 years) The variety refers to the early-scale category – the harvest is proceeded at the end of June – early July.

Yield

Minimum yield subject to agrotechnology rules – 1 kg with bush and 6.9 t / ha.

Regions growing

The variety is adapted for growing in the central regions of the country.

Self-duration and the need for pollinators

Exotic refers to self-free (54% of pollination) varieties, but yields are significantly rising when drawdring nearby pollinators with the same blossoms.

Landing

The optimal dates of planting currant seedlings – autumn, starting from September and to the end of October. Sit down and spring, which is also good, because a long season is ahead for adapting and building the root system. However, autumn landing has very serious advantages:

  • time is enough to root the young and thin roots, and all the concern for the plant shifts on the “shoulders” of nature – seedlings do not need to water, protect against the sun and hail;
  • In the spring, it is not necessary to spend precious time on the preparation of pit and plant plant, and they will begin their livelihoods with all cultures and already in the current year a full-fledged vegetation cycle will be held, while spring landings are held much later, and the whole season goes to adaptation.
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Plot Choose Sunny, with protection from cold winds and drafts. The distance between the bushes is at least 1 meter, in the aisle – to 1.5 m.

The pit 70x70x70 cm is equipped with a drainage layer, on top of which the organic “pillow” is placed in the form of a thick layer of compost, overwhelmed by manure. Together with the drainage, the pillow should take place. Remove the Earth enriched with an organic (humid, compost, bird litter), mineral fertilizers, superphosphate, wood ash.

If the soil is strongly illuminated, it should be deselected using lime, chalk, gypsum, dolomite flour. When organizing landing pit it should be remembered that the currant does not like heavy soil, it will need light, loose, breathable land.

The roots of the seedling gently straighten inside the pit on the ground surface, set to the ground to the ground to a depth of up to 10 cm – such a reception contributes to greater rooting and the number of shoots. As a result, the bush will be healthy and strong. The rolling circle is watered with three buckets of warm water, the next day – loosen or mulch.

Growing and care

Further care lies in timely and regular irrigation. In the first year they are held weekly, for adult bushes, the irrigation frequency is reduced, but the boughs of exotic may not withstand. Required weeding, as weeds take a significant part of nutrients. If the mulching does not apply, then it is necessary to loosen the soil in the rolling circle after each watering so that the earth is not covered with a crust, and oxygen satuned the root system.

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No less important feeding. With the right refueling of the landing pit, they will not be needed in the next 2-3 years, but then the currant will delete internal reserves. Each autumn, the rolling circle is covered with a thick layer of humus or manure. In the spring, during melting of snow nutrients will go down. If the autumn failed to do this, then the spring bushes need nitrogen to increase the powerful green mass. In the second half of the summer, currants feed with phosphorus-potassium drugs.

Sanitary trimming is carried out in autumn and spring, deleting affected, old, deformed shoots. It is necessary to remember the rejuvenating procedures when 4-year branches are replaced by young swissure shoots – the most full-fledged yields give 2-3-year-old shoots. It should also avoid the thickening of the bush.

Preventive processing by insecticides and fungicides will be secluded by plantings from pests and diseases.

Resistance to diseases and pests

Currant is highly resistant to pulse dee, anthracnose and column rust. Average resistance to sepitoria and kidding clamp.

Resistance to adverse climatic conditions

Exotic variety has high winter hardens.

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