Currant daccinta

  • Authors: Bayanova L. IN., Tovitzova T. NS., Knyazev S. D., Zotov Z. WITH. (FGBNU VNII Selection of fruit crops)
  • Appeared when crossed: From pollination of the grade sighing dove with a mixture of pollen seedlings derived from free pollination of the Bradtorp variety
  • Synonyms names: Ribes Nigrum Dachnitca
  • Year of assumptions: 2004
  • Timing of ripening: middle time ripening
  • Type of growth: Slavoration
  • Purpose: Universal
  • Mass of berries, g: 2,3
  • Tasting evaluation: 4.5
  • Epishers: growing – green, shiny, unopened; Warm – medium, straight, unopened, weakly lad, gray-brown, brown top

See all the characteristics

Daccia – Selective plant of early fertilization. Its visiting card has become large berries and high level of productivity. Fruits culture brings, almost independently of climatic condition. And their high gastronomic value stimulates gardens to growing this wonderful samopidal variety in their sites.

History of removal

The copyright holder of the culture was the Siberian FGBN in the selection of fruit crops, the group of scientists in the composition of the bayanova l. IN., Orezova T. NS., Knyazeva S. D., Zotov. WITH. It was possible to withdraw highly productive, unpretentious and sammantic variety of black currant. “Parents” of Dachnits (Ribes Nigrum Dachnitca) Waterfront varieties and sighs of blueberries. Culture is designed to grow in the Volga-Vyatka and the North-West region, in the Urals and the Far East. In the state market, it is listed since 2004. Universal plant.

Description of varieties

Growing culture in the form of a low-speed, well-woofer, rigorous and compact bushes of a rounded configuration, reaching a height of 120 cm. The main stems and shoots are rectorant, greenish shades, unreasured, giving light glitter. Wearing – medium sized branches, weakly lad, gray-brownish color with brown top. Young – bright green spike, shiny, growing fast, get light brown shades for autumn.

The frosting of bushes is weak. The leaves are five-weddable, medium-sized dimensions, greenish, with non-label, corrugated, wrinkled, with a bronze tide in the top, are composed of central.

The root area is developed, optimally formed, with the main rod, in-depth about 1 m in the soil, urine roots are strongly developed in width.

Dacifices of dark beige shades, pale. Associates of medium sized, bent up. Brushes short, straight, unopened.

Culture Summary, the absence of additional pollinator plants affects the quality of frothing. In one cluster, up to 13 flowers are usually grouped.

From the advantages of culture, we note:

  • Largeness and high gastronomic score;

  • synchronization of fruit ripening;

  • Self-slope;

  • frost resistance adapted to moderate gradation conditions;

  • unpretentious;

  • compactness;

  • versatility of berries in use;

  • High immune ability;

  • Storage duration and good carrier.

Minuses:

  • Sighten aging and degeneration of varietal characteristics.

Characteristic of berries

Berries of almost black, large size (up to 2.3 g), rounded configuration. Skin Skin, Elastic, not prone to cracking. Consistency of dark burgundy tones, saturated, thick, with a significant number of small seeds.

Berries in the biological maturity phase are reliably held on the fruits and do not fall out for a long time.

In the chemical station include: soluble dry compounds – 12.1%, sugars – 9.3%, titrate acids – 2.1%, ascorbins – 193.6 mg / 100 g, Anthocyanov – 103.8 mg / 100 g, leicoantocianov – 190.1 mg / 100 g, catechins – 221.6 mg / 100 g, P-active compositions – 515.5 mg / 100 g.

Taste qualities

According to the taste properties of the berries of sour-sweet. Tasting score – 4.5.

Ripening and fruiting

Berries ripen synchronously around the middle of June. The starting process of fruiting falls on the 3rd year of the development of shrubs. According to some expert opinion, peak levels of yield are observed in 5 years. After that, the culture begins to degenerate, the fruits become smaller, fertilization indicators fall. For these reasons, bushes are subject to replacement for younger.

Yield

The level of medium yield of culture – 89.2 c / ha (up to 9 t / ha), 1.4 kg / bush.

Self-duration and the need for pollinators

For a hybrid, a good level of self-absorption is characteristic – up to 71%. Nevertheless, the use of additional pollinator plants allows you to achieve higher levels of froth.

Landing

The culture is planted on the plot in the spring, when the soil is fully warmed (usually in the first decade of May). Possible landing and in autumn, about 21 days before possible freezers. This period is enough to adapt plant roots. The preparatory scope of work is carried out in early September, and the decision is made by the state of weather conditions.

Bustics are removed on weakly acid and fertile soils. The planting ground must be well drained, otherwise the roots will start racing. Places with highly surrounding groundwater for dachas are not suitable. In lowlands, culture will not give a satisfactory crop. On the elevated areas, excessive ultraviolet can negatively affect the growing season. Important frequent irrigation and shading on hot days. A suitable option will be the south side behind the wall of the construction.

The selection of seedlings is recommended for a number of criteria:

  • well-developed roots should not have defects and dried places;

  • Buckets must have 2-3 stems with clean and light brownish bark;

  • Availability of healthy fruit kidneys.

For spring events, seedlings are selected with leaves. For autumn planting, seedlings are obtained by dividing the bush, after foliage. Before landing the root, 5 hours are placed in a solution that stimulates their development.

Next, proceed to the preparation of the soil mixture from a number of components:

  • turf soil and compost (in equal shares);

  • 150 g of potassium sulphate;

  • 150 g of phosphate;

  • about 2 kg of ash.

The procedure for further action:

  • prepare a hole with a depth of 40 cm and a diameter of 55 cm;

  • fall asleep in the fossa the landing composition;

  • Set the bush vertically, gently distributing the roots;

  • soil fall asleep in such a way that the root neck is above the ground surface at a height of 6 cm;

  • the soil cautiously tram and abundantly irrigate;

  • make pruning the top of the Kusta to 2 fruit kidneys;

  • Produce mulching of the october space with the help of organic or peat.

Growing and care

Culture is undemanding to the delights of the agrozode, but a number of events are necessary.

  1. During the first year of the development of bustards during the formation of leaves, it is necessary to feed the organic and ammonium nitrate. In the following years, fertilizers are added 2 times: before blooming – phosphates or urea, and during fruiting – potash.

  2. The trimming is carried out in the fall – eliminate outdated branches, the young shoots are cut on top (in two top kidneys). In the spring cut the frozen places.

  3. Culture badly tolerate soil drying, irrigation is performed moderately, but regularly. Before the occurrence of frost, irrigation intensify.

Culture is frost-resistant, but to reduce the degree of risk of frozen the roots carry out mulching of sawdust, dry foliage, cheese. In a minor winter, bushes are covered with a sweetheart or polyethylene. To scare the rodents between bushes placed toxic substances.

Resistance to diseases and pests

Culture is rarely ill and is almost never subjected to pest attacks.

Resistance to adverse climatic conditions

Dachnitsa is adapted for low temperatures and without insulation is able to withstand frosts up to -35 degrees Celsius. At lower temperatures, the culture should be mulched – bushes weak can restore the frozen parts of the roots. Level of drought resistance in the plant is low. In the absence of irrigation, berries are minced, and the development of the plant ceases.

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