Cultivation of strawberries under the curable material

There is no doubt that the strawberry grows perfectly under the curable material, it gives a harvest faster, and the collection of berries ceases to be a problem. Black AgroThextile gives you the opportunity to get rid of weeds, reduce the risks of infection of fruits to rot or their eating parasites.

But novice daches must first examine the technology itself in detail, understand how to fix the fabric before planting bushes on a bed under sponbond and other observer material with holes.

Cultivation of strawberries under the curable material

Cultivation of strawberries under the curable material

Advantages and disadvantages

Pure, well-groomed bed with ripe berries pleases the heart of any summer house. Deciding to plant strawberries under the passing material instead of classical mulch, can be solved by a lot of concomitant problems. The obvious advantages of this method include the following points.

  • Safety protection from drying. Due to this, it is possible to reduce the frequency of irrigation.
  • Microclimate formation, promoting good growth and development of plants. It also stimulates the activity of rainworms, helping maintaining the soil.
  • Getting rid of weeds. Opaque black matter is a natural filter against sunlight. The beds do not overgrow, less time is spent on vacation.
  • Stimulation of the development of the root system. Buckets get more nutrients and moisture.
  • Reproduction regulation. Through a special passionable material of the mustache is not rooted. They can be easily normalized, preventing soil depletion or plantation.
  • Improving frost resistance. The effect of a greenhouse under breathable material is not too large, but still helps to protect the plants from spring frosts.
  • Acceleration of ripening fruits. The soil warms faster, the berries are kept for 1-2 weeks earlier than standard timing. This is especially important if cultivation is produced in the regions with a short summer.
  • Preservation of purity of fruits. When harvesting, they do not have to cleanse them from the ground. Berries do not boot from excess moisture.

Disadvantages too. The main problem is the need for the formation of the framing of the beds, otherwise it will be difficult to securely secure the cloth. In addition, the purchase of observer material requires additional expenses.

Cultivation of strawberries under the curable material

Types of materials

Cover the ground in the place of strawberry landing can be different materials. Most of them has the form of a canvas with a nonwoven structure. It cut holes – cruciform or rounded shape. The general name of such materials is agrovexistil, they can be single-layer or double sided.

The most sought-after options.

  • Acrylic. Can meet under the trade name “Agril”, is white and black. The polymer foundation provides him with high strength, resistance to pathogenic microorganisms.
  • Spanbond. Synthetic material capable of maintaining its properties up to 4 years. Under the spanbond successfully grown the most capricious varieties of strawberries.
  • Agrofolok. Material with a multilayer structure. Breathable, misses moisture, promotes the protection of the soil from frost and overheating. It is considered one of the best for planting strawberries.
  • Agrosp. Material with a homogeneous structure and long service life. It is enough for 4 years – the whole growth cycle of strawberries in one place.
  • Loutrasil. Relatively inexpensive, popular among dacnis material. Its resistance to UV exposure is lower, but the canvas does not have a greenhouse effect, it is not bad pushing excess moisture.
  • Spanbell. Modern ultra light material based on polypropylene environment. Well ventilated, has sufficient moisture permeability.

Practiced and landing strawberries on geotextile. It can be done under the fabric – with the transverse and longitudinal weave of the threads, remind of agricultural. But when choosing such a material, it is very important to pay attention to the degree of its moisture permeability. Otherwise, instead of the desired effect, the garden with water stagnation and pest colony under the passing layer.

Cultivation of strawberries under the curable material

Cultivation of strawberries under the curable material

Landing

Shed strawberries under observer material too need correctly. The scheme of the device of such beds is somewhat different from the generally accepted. Special fixtures are used for mounting the cloth in the ground. Moreover, even put it need it correctly – It is impossible to carry out the black face down, the manufacturer usually indicates the desired orientation on the roll.

It is worth considering, because if you consolidate the observed material with violations, it will not be possible to use its advantages.

Timing

Solving when to prepare ridges with underfloor material, many dackets face certain difficulties. Lined in the soil in the spring bushes of strawberries go to height, well tolerate wintering. But waiting for abundant fruiting in this case.

Autumn landing has its advantages. In the northern regions, it is carried out already in August, closer to 3 decade, in the south – at the end of September. Next year the berry will already give a full harvest. But it is worth considering that even well-rooted plants will require a more thorough shelter for the winter. The lower the winter temperatures, the more important it is the right choice of the period for landing. In the cold regions the best season will be spring for this.

Cultivation of strawberries under the curable material

Cultivation of strawberries under the curable material

A place

The choice of space for the formation of strawberry beds is of great importance for its successful cultivation. It is important that the berry will receive the maximum amount of sunlight. It is located on the hills, in places where there is no draft or shadow. Well suited for these purposes a plot next to the fruit landings or the area between low trees and shrubs without an empty crown.

The soil should be well fertilized, fertile, loose. You can use the ridges where the onions or garlic, carrots, legumes or cereals. It is worth considering that the transplantation and rejuvenation of plantation for most strawberry varieties are required with periodicity of 4 years.Do not suit this plant plants with water stagnation, in lowlands or strong shadows.

Strawberry badly fruits when growing on the ridges after potatoes and tomatoes, peppers and cucumbers.

Cultivation of strawberries under the curable material

Technology

The rules of arrangement Girdo with shelter from nonwoven agromature material must be carefully observed. The main procedure will be such.

  • Preparation of soil. It is drunk, carefully choosing weed herbs, rhizomes, stones. Then natural or complex fertilizers are introduced into the soil. Suitable, compost, overworked straw. Clay soil should dilute ash and peat.
  • Laying drip irrigation. It will be needed if a large territory is assigned under landing.
  • Tensioning underpoxy. It stacked on top of the aligned soil rakes, fixes around the perimeter. You can sprinkle the edges of the earth, press them with sides, and also to proceed the grooves that facilitate fixation. Material must be spread, gradually rolling. Double-sided materials in the waterproof part of the film are directed up.
  • Formation of a slot. For this, the surface is placed on the squares with a distance between their centers 35-40 cm. Rounded cuts or cruciform notches are formed. The easiest way to mark the markup with the help of a liner, tolding the nodules on it.
  • Landing. For her chosen warm meadows, morning clock. The soil is well moistened. Under each bush, a hole is made to the depth of garden scoop. Kostik is placed in it, roots are sprinkled to the ground to the point of growth.

Upon completion of the landing of the edge of the tensioned underfloor material around the holes lay, pressed to the soil. If drip watering is not planned, each bush is moisturized locally, in the root zone, with the help of watering can.

Cultivation of strawberries under the curable material

Cultivation of strawberries under the curable material

Cultivation of strawberries under the curable material

Care

Cultivation of strawberries on the underfloor material allows you to minimize care requirements for her. After planting, plants are not required for frequent weeding or other agrotechnical events. The main plan for garden work in this case will include the following points.

  • Weekly moisturizing. Watering strawberry bushes more often need only if a tightening dry period is installed.
  • Periodic trimming mustache. Abundant formation of deciduous mass and side shoots takes away the strength in plants necessary for fruiting. The intensity of the growth of the mustache largely depends on the variety of the plant. Cropped with sharp garden scissors, pre-renewing their blades. In the first year, it is customary to remove the mustache, and the blooms are completely.
  • Insecticidal and fungicidal treatment. Fighting with diseases and insect pests should be at least 2 times per season, in preventive purposes. If there are signs of infection with infections, rotes, there are caterpillars in the beds, there will have to treat the culture of unscheduled. Slugs with strawberries are easiest to collect manually.
  • Making fertilizers. Grow abundant yields helps feeding with specialized liquid compositions – biohumus. To make it, depending on the manufacturer’s recommendations, will be on the leaves or under the root, 30 and 45 days after landing. The feeding can contribute to the formation of the barriers on the strawberry in the first year. At the end of the fertilization period in the ground, it’s good to add wood ash.
  • Trimming sheet outlet. It is made upon completion of fruiting. In removable varieties, this stage is preceding the second wave of flowering and formation of berries.

Given all these recommendations, you can successfully grow tasty and ripe strawberries on the beds even in the regions with a cold climate. Under black agropolock roots, light spring frosts are better tolerated, the earth warms up faster, which means that bloom comes before. In the southern regions, such a shelter contributes to the best maintaining moisture in the ground.

Cultivation of strawberries under the curable material

Cultivation of strawberries under the curable material

Cultivation of strawberries under the curable material

Rate article
( No ratings yet )
Share to friends
Rebuildhom.info - construction and repair, dacha plot, apartment and country house, useful tips and photos
Add a comment