- Authors: Lisenavenko. M.BUT. Lisenvenko, L.YU. Zharbrovskaya, I.NS. Kalinina (Niiss name M.BUT.)
- Taste: sour-sweet, sometimes with a light mustard
- The weight of the fetus, g: 30-45
- Full size: average
- Yield: At the age of 9 years, the harvest – 36.7 kg, 11 years old – 50.7 kg
- Frequency frequency: Regular
- Start of fruiting variety: for 4-5 year
- Timing of ripening: Summer
- Removable maturity: in late August
- Bleed: up to 60 days
See all the characteristics
Today, columnid trees are just beginning to gain popularity among gardeners. Thanks to its botanical features, they began to make serious competition in ordinary varieties. One of these apple columns is the scarlet sails
Description of varieties
Apple tree scarlet sails is a column-like fruit hybrid. Released in the 80s of the twentieth century by a group of breeders of the Crimean Experimental Station of Gardening by crossing several frost resistant crops.
A half-class plant reaches a height of not more than 2 m. Crohn is rare, with splashing branches, at right angles departing from the trunk.
Dark green color leaves, slightly shiny and wrinkled. Form of the leaves extended-ovoid, medium size, bent down. Shoots reddish-drowned, with omitting.
Features, pros and cons
Home Feature – Compactness. Behind the trees easy to care. It is easier to carry out a harvest, trimming, pest processing. At the same time, it takes very little place in the landing. On one weaving you can land 150-200 seedlings.
The virtues of the variety can be attributed:
long term storage of fruit;
small landing area;
Easily collect harvest;
rapid dates of ripening;
Among the disadvantages can be allocated:
high price of seedlings;
The average degree of resistance to fungal infections.
Ripening and fruiting
Scroppy view, fruit starts on the second year of planting. However, fully giving the fruits of the apple tree starts for 4-5 years. First crop small, about 4-6 apples. Subsequent becomes more abundant and regular. Blossom comes in the late spring and continues within a month.
Lateral grade. The technical ripeness of the fruit occurs at the end of the summer – the beginning of autumn and continues until the end of September.
Young trees give a small harvest – 3-4 kg. The older the column apple tree becomes, the more harvest: at the age of 9 yield – 36.7 kg, 11 years old – 50.7 kg.
Fruits and their taste
Middle sized apples, one can weigh 30-45 g. The form they have a rounded-conical, ribrant, often bevelled to a cup. Color of bright red fruits with white, juicy, tight pulp and skin with wax raid.
Fruits have a very pleasant sour-sweet taste, perfectly harmonizing with a honey flavor. But sometimes there may be a light mustard in the aftertaste.
Hybrid value for the balanced composition of acids and sugars. So, sugars – up to 14.11%, acids – up to 0.68%, vitamin C – up to 16 mg, p-active compounds – up to 242 mg, tanning substances – up to 0.157%.
Often, taste qualities are largely dependent on weather conditions. The more sunny days, the most analogous and tastier will be apples. On a five-point tasting scale, the variety is estimated at 4.7 points per lightweight, honey flavor.
Purpose in the fruit universal. They can be used both in a processed form and in fresh.
Features of cultivation
Best time for landing – Spring. Planted until the kidney did not start and did not wake up. Depending on the region, the landing time may vary from March to May.
Scarlet sails are not too demanding to the composition of the soil (sampling, loam). But it should be sufficiently loose, fertile and moisturized. Plot It is desirable to pick up sunny or from a native, on a small elevation.
It is important to check the level of groundwater occurrence, not higher than 1 m. Spring melting of snow and abundant rains can lead to water lifting, which leads to reinforcement of roots.
Properly conducted landing is the key to a good common tree condition. Landing pit is prepared at an approximately the same volume as the root system. First, the hole falls asleep with a drainage layer (crushed stone, broken brick), then there is a nourishing layer of land, consisting of peat, sand, humus. Also added mineral fertilizers (superphosphate) and wood ash.
Roots in the pit gently spread, fall asleep, the soil is tram, it is abundant and murdered.
Scarlet sails are rather demanding in care, especially with watering and feeding. It is necessary to carry out frequent irrigation. The soil must be constantly wet, but without water stagnation.
The variety has good generative properties. The tree is not bad restores the frozen fabrics and damaged shoots.
Does not need pruning. Exception is the death of the upper kidney. Start intensely start into the growth of lateral shoots, because of which the seedling begins to lose its form. Therefore, in the spring, they must be trimmed.
Summorious view that does not require cross-pollination. When pollution insects and other varieties, the number of fruits becomes significantly more.
Additional food make 4 times per season. A year of landing is no exception. Phosphate and nitrogen fertilizers are introduced, which begin to feed from July and finish in October. The procedure is repeated every month. In the autumn period, nitrogen-containing feeders exclude.
The hybrid has an average degree of frost. Able to endure frost to -45 degrees. However, for the plant, spring returned minority temperatures are destructive, due to which the tree is quite frozen.