- Authors: BUT. F. Kolesnikova, E. N. Digid, O. D. Goleyev, A. BUT. Gullyaeva
- Appeared when crossed: Rossoshanskaya x Revival number 1
- Year of assumptions: 2001
- Type of trunk: wood
- Type of growth: middle-resistant
- Crown: rounded, stretched, raised
- Epishers: straight, brown-brown, bare
- Leaves: egg-shaped, dark green, matte, with a biconostropyl edge
- Flowers: Vidnik, flat, open, white petals, are located free
- Type of flowering and fruiting: on bakery branches and the growth of last year
See all the characteristics
Namella’s cherry was specially removed for those who are tired of fungal diseases of the cherry. At variety gorgeous health.
History of removal
Vishnya Novella was included in the State Register of Sorts in 2001. Parents of variety – Cherry Rossoshanskaya and revival number 1. Revival – this is a cultivar, which is a carrier of stability to the cockclock. Rossoshanskaya – famous cherry derived in the Voronezh experienced station specializing in commercial, beautiful and delicious varieties. Rossoshanskaya – Cherry beautiful and tasty, but in cold and rainy summer is quite amazed by moniliosis. This deficiency was decided to eliminate.
Description of varieties
Cherry Novella is a medium in the height of the village, up to 3 m. Krone beautiful, wide, with raised up branches. Soothes straight, with smooth bark, covered with dark green leaves without shine. White flowers, wide open, collected in inflorescences of 4 pcs. Flowers appear in the average deadlines, about 10-18 May, in most regions of the middle band – this is the time when the risk of return freezers is no longer.
The berries of the medium size, 4.5-5 g, rounded-flattened, in diameter 17-18 mm. Skin color Saturated, burgundy-black, appetizing, flesh – dense-dark red. Juice from berries has a saturated cherry color. The pulp of elastic, juicy, not tough, but also not let. The bone weighing 0.15 grams is perfectly separated from the pulp, which is especially convenient in cooking. Berries are well tolerated transportation on long distances, very attractive. Assessment of productual qualities – 4.2 points, which is a rather high indicator. Cherries with such an assessment have aligned calibrated berries, beautiful shape and color.
The taste is bright, with an almost identical ratio of acid and sweetness, but the acid is a bit dominant, the tasting score – 4.2 points. Purpose of berries – universal. Themella cherries are consumed in fresh, add them to pastries, first and second dishes, desserts, prepare jams, compotes, jams. Tart cherry with sufficient acid and medium consistency is very good for juices and wine. And berries freeze and dried.
Ripening and fruiting
Ripen berries in the average deadlines – by the middle or third decade of July. Fruits will not stick to the fruit, pleasant to the gap, they are comfortable to collect. Spearness is also the average – the cherry will begin to give yields for the 4th year after landing.
High yield, medium – 77.6, maximum – 99.8 c / ha. With 1 tree removed up to 15 kg, it is about 2-2.5 buckets. Retreat of crop friendly.
Self-duration and the need for pollinators
The variety is partly self-dodged, to get high yields need to be attached near other varieties. The best choice will be the famous Cherry Vladimirskaya, modern grade chocolate, as well as ancient Spanish grade Growish Israeim.
The cherry novel in landing is not much different from other varieties. She is undemanding to the soil composition, loves light, spacious, but windless places, a sufficient amount of moisture. Optimal soil – loam, neutral acidity, very good drainage.
Special attention is paid to the preparation of the soil – it is half success. It should be fertile, loose, neutral. To make too tight soil more air, sand is added to it, if necessary, also fine gravel (up to 10 mm). Sand is better to take a river – it is larger and does not make the soil viscous and frozen, like concrete. Sand makes an eye focusing on their own feelings. If you can immerse your hand to the wrist without problems – the ground is quite loose.
It is worth taking care of the choice of place where the moisture does not accumulate in the spring. Snacking and stagnation of snow cherry novel perceives very sensitive. You can often hear the recommendation to plant cherry trees near fences. It is really convenient, the fence protects plants from wind. However, the place must still be spacious, with good ventilation.
Too acidic soil lime. In the soil make a pushed chalk, haired lime, dolomite flour or ash. The last is also a source of very useful potassium cherries, and also disinfects the soil, destroying harmful microorganisms.
Young plants are planted in autumn, or if there was no such possibility – in the spring.
Pies up to 60 cm in diameter, 45 cm deep, these figures can be varied a bit depending on the size of the seedling. At the bottom of the pits, the nutrient mixture is poured: half-water and the floor of a glass of ash + 1 h. L. Superphosphate, half acknowledged egg shell. All thoroughly loose, sprinkle soil and give the pit to stand 2 weeks. If there are doubts in good moisture permeability of the soil, the drainage layer is poured onto the bottom of the pit. After that, the novel is planted in such a way that the root neck of the plant is in short with soil.
Young seedlings often need a support, rush pegs. To facilitate watering around the tree form an earth roller, its distance from the tree trunk – 30-35 cm. Immediately after landing, the novels well compacted ground.
Growing and care
The novel grade is resistant to cracking the fruit, although it is still not worth abuse tolerance of the tree to irregularity. Over the season, the plant will need 3-4 watering, the number and timeline is shifted depending on the weather. In the fall, a very abundant moisture profitable watering is required – no less than 6 buckets on the tree. Such plants have time to prepare for winter.
Grade has excellent health. This is noted even those gardeners who have non-ideal conditions for cherries. The plant is not amazed by moniliosis, coccquomsis, fungal diseases. Sufficient prophylactic treatments for “phytosporin” and biostimulants (“epin”, “zircon”), as well as standard garden care: inspection and removal of all damaged parts of the plant, cleaning leaves in autumn, soil mulch only with clean materials.
It is possible to use industrial means for spraying, but the people’s method are good: the scratched egg shell or chalk, loosen.
The bark and wood cherries are very tasty for rodents, so in front of wintering all the trunks of whites, and young trees are also wrapped with any breathable material: fir branches, burlap, corn stems.
With good care of the cherry Novel grows and fruit longer than the other varieties, the cherry garden does not have to update after 10 years.
Stability to soil-climatic conditions
Winter hardiness of the tree is high, but the flower kidneys can be slightly damaged by returnable frosts.
Reviews are quite a bit. The grade did not have time to show. His health is assessed high. But berries can be minted, ripened unevenly and for a long time, to have a sour taste, in the first years of fruiting or in an unsuccessful summer. The variety, indeed, is inferior to the rating varieties to taste, for example, Kharitonovskaya has a tasting rating of 4.7-4.8 points, Zhukovskoy – 5 points. But both varieties are quite amazed by moniliosis and coccalism. The novel grade should be considered if you need a prolific, high-quality, persistent, “long-playing” cherry, in need of a minimum treatments from diseases.