- Authors: N.AND. Naildyukova, S.IN. Zhukov (Sverdlovsk Selection Station of Gardening)
- Year of assumptions: 1974
- Type of trunk: wood
- Type of growth: middle-resistant
- Crown: widespread, spread
- Refrigerant: Middle
- Leaves: extended-renovative shape, green, anthocian color missing
- Flowers: Large, White
- Type of flowering and fruiting: on bakery branches and one-year increase
- Full size: Large
See all the characteristics
Grow a fruit tree that will give excellent harvest in conditions of harsh climatic conditions, it is not easy because it is necessary to choose a variety adapted to cold and other weather features. This can include a large-scale cherry lighthouse of domestic selection.
History of removal
The cherry species of the lighthouse appeared in 1974 due to the works of scientists of the Sverdlovsk Selement Station of Gardening. Culture authors are with. IN. Zhukov and N. AND. Nailing. Granted variety by free pollination of Michurin varieties. The recommended cultivation zone is considered to be the Middle Autonomous Region.
Description of varieties
Lighthouse is a mid-grade tree, outwardly resembling a bush. In favorable conditions, the cherry grows in height to 180-200 cm. It is characterized by a fruit culture with a wide-profile form of the crown, a good spreadability of the branches of a grayish-brown color, a moderate thickening of green leaves, small, sharply elongated kidneys, growing under an acute angle, and developed root system. Wrivers are formed on annual growths and bakery branches.
In the inflorescences collected three flower. During the period of flowering, which comes in late May – early June, the crown of the corrupt tree thick is covered with large snow-white flowers, pleasantly smelling. The life cycle of fruit culture is 25-30 years.
Cherry Lighthouse is a large-scale variety. An adult tree of berries pick up a mass of 4.5 grams. The form of fruit is correct – rounded with a noticeable supremeness near the seam. Ripe berries are evenly covered with a dark red color with a smooth and glossy surface. Skin Cherries thin, not tough, elastic. Abdominal seam weak.
Purpose of universal berries – they are eaten fresh, applied in cooking (baking, compote), processed on jam, jams, juices, frozen, can be preserved by integer. It is also worth noting that the collected harvest requires immediate processing and use, since the separation of the fruit complex – damages the integrity of the berries, provoking the sludge. The transportability of the fruit is weak, as well as the storage time.
Lighthouse is cherries with excellent taste. Red pulp has a gentle, average density of a meaty structure with a high juice. Juice in berries thick and rich. Taste balanced – sour-sweet, unstitutional and tartness. A small bone (mass of 0.25 g) is well separated from the pulp. Cherry pulp contains more than 7% sugars and useful acids.
Ripening and fruiting
Cherry refers to varieties with average maturation. The first fruits can be expected on the 4th year after landing. Spread berries at the same time, so the ripening period is somewhat delayed – up to two weeks. The peak of mass fruiting falls at the end of July – the beginning of August. Litted cherries do not appear, but they can crack.
Indicators of yields at the tree Middle. Adult tree with proper care and favorable conditions can give from 5 to 15 kg of ripe berries. In the southern regions, the tree more productively – gives up to 25 kg of cherries.
The geography of growing cherry has significantly expanded over the past decade. The tree is massively grown in the middle lane of Russia, as well as in the territory of Belarus, Baltic and Ukraine.
Self-duration and the need for pollinators
This variety is partially self-dodged (from 7 to 20%), so it is worth thinking about landing donor trees with similar flowering timing. The best grades are considered the best grades: generous, voles, Tatarian worker, Shakirovskaya and Nizhnekamskaya.
Planting a cherry tree can be both in spring and autumn, however, the spring landing is considered more favorable. For growing, one-two-year seedlock is recommended with a healthy root system and a height of no more than 80-110 cm. The distance between the plantations should be 250-300 cm so that the crown shaders are not formed.
Growing and care
For the cultivation of a tree, it is necessary to pick up smooth and clean from weeds, preferably on a small elevation. The best-western part of the village will be the best-western part of the village where there is a lot of sun, and there is protection against drafts.
The agrotechnology of the cherry consists of regular irrigation, loosening and mulching of the soil, making fertilizers (humid, ash, nitrogen, potassium), forming crowns, trimming branches – sanitary and rejuvenating, prevention of viruses and preparation for winter.
Resistance to diseases and pests
Immunity from this species is not very high. The tree can be subjected to different diseases that fruit-berry cultures suffer – coccquoms and fruit rot. Among the pests, the most dangerous is the TLL and mucous saw.
Stability to soil-climatic conditions
Cherry Lighthouse is characterized by excellent drought resistance and medium frost resistance, allowing a tree to carry the temperature to -25 … 35 degrees. Tree loves light, moderate moisture, space and warmth.
The cherry tree on light loams, endowed with air permeability, fertility, sufficient moisturizer grows comfortably. It is important that the soils are with reduced acidity and in-depth groundwater.