Cherry Kharitonovskaya

  • Authors: Kharitonova E.N., Zhukov O.WITH.
  • Appeared when crossed: Zhukovskaya x Diamond
  • Year of assumptions: 1998
  • Type of trunk: wood
  • Type of growth: middle-resistant
  • Crown: spherical, raised, medium thick
  • Refrigerant: Middle
  • Epishers: straight, brown-brown
  • Leaves: elliptical, dark green
  • Flowers: Large, white color

See all the characteristics

This culture can be called promising for growing in warm and temperate climatic conditions. And large, universal and delicious berries with a mysterious and spicy cherryamukhovy flavor, no doubt, compensate for the modest labor costs that you invest in the process of care for this unique cherry.

History of removal

Application for registration of culture was filed by the Institute. Michurina in 1992., where she was developed e. N. Kharitonova and O. WITH. Zhukov. Since 1998, it consists in the state market, and obtained by the method of crossing the diamond with Zhukovskaya. It is noteworthy that the Black Maiaca Cherry Maak, growing in Primorye, which explains the presence of spicy taste notes of the newly obtained variety. Being an ordinary view, the culture is universal, with excellent marketability and middle level of transportability. Recommended for cultivation in the Central Black Earth region.

Description of varieties

Wood average, height 2-3 m, with a slightly elevated middle stupid crown. The implantation of medium intensity, and the rectification of brown-brown branches form a hot spherical crown. Large smooth elliptical configuration leaves with pointed tips and rounded grounds painted in a dark green roller. Leaf plates straight, with high-sized pricing and gear edges.

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White and large flowers. Blossom and fruiting occur on biscuit branches and last year’s gains. The pluses of culture include:

  • high level of disease resistance to coccquomskosis and moniliosis;
  • partial self-absorption;
  • large size of fruits;
  • stable fruiting level;
  • high yield;
  • compactness;
  • excellent flavor properties of berries;
  • Berries after ripening do not appear, from the fruits are separated with a dry margin;
  • versatility of fruits;
  • Drought-resistance culture.

Minuses:

  • The level of frost resistance is not very high;
  • large bones;
  • Low degree of transportability of berries.

Fruit characteristic

Berries in size large (18×16 mm) and relatively massive (up to 5 g), one-dimensional, rounded configuration. In color – dark red, and completely matured – closer to black. Skin medium, unopened, and juice – light red shade. Orange flesh, gentle. Fruits are tightly held on the fruits, but disappeared without difficulty. Bones of medium sizes, oval, easily separated from the pulp. In the chemical station, berries include: dry substances – up to 18%, sugar – 3%, acids – 1.2%, vitamin C – 12 mg%.

Taste qualities

In the taste properties of the berry sour-sweet with a light flavor of the cherry. Tasting score in points – 4.7.

Ripening and fruiting

The process of fruiting starts from 5 years of culture growth. Maturation Dates – Middle. Fruit damping – from mid-July.

Yield

With a competent execution of agrotechnical techniques, yield reaches 15-20 kg from a tree.

Self-duration and the need for pollinators

Culture partly samopidal, productive for her neighbors will be the trees of pollinators Zhukovskaya and Vladimirskaya (they should not shade the main trees). Cherrytovskaya cherry blooms at the end of spring, and the wounds are formed on boring branches and last year’s shoots. In the absence of pollinators plants about 5-20% of flowers become berries. The first fruits ripen from mid-July. Flowers culture extraordinarily abundantly.

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Landing

Preferred for soil culture – neutral drum or sandy. Features Looking Standard For Cherries.

The location of the groundwater is not closer to 2 m to the surface of the soil. A good place for landing will be, for example, the southern side of the fence or the Western slope with a slope of not more than 15 °.

In the southern latitudes, the culture is planted in autumn, after foliage. In more northern – early spring. Preparatory Earth Events should be completed before kidney disclosure. The order of landing is standard.

It is not worth putting about cherries shrub plants with strong, fast spreading styling roots: raspberry, sea buckthorn, blackberry. Inappropriate neighbors include maples, linden, birch, oaks that are distinguished by substances that are able to coal the development of cherries. It is not recommended to plant near and grated cultures.

The roots of adults cherries it is advisable to stream from overheating and in order to save moisture. For this purpose, it is necessary to use soil plants: inhibitory, hoof, Barquincom, Buder.

Choosing seedlings, special attention is paid to the roots and height of trees: for annual normal height will be 80 cm, and for two-year-old – 110 cm. Masives and color of the crust. Greenish color indicates that in the process of growing seedlings, too many nitrogenous connections were used. Such surplus negatively affect the development of trees. Before carrying out landing events, the roots of plants should be mashed at about 3 hours, adding in the capacity “corneser” or other growth stimulants.

Landing recesses prepare standard sizes: 40-60 cm deep and up to 80 cm in diameter. The upper layers of the soil are enriched with humus with the addition of 50 g of phosphorus and potassium. If necessary, add sand.

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When landing a seedling of a cervix must rise above the surface of the soil by 5-7 cm. After landing, there are abundant irrigation and mulching of the near.

Growing and care

Systematic irrigation of seedlings, not allowing soil drying, is required only during the first vegetative season. Next, watering are conducted as needed. The exercise of autumn moisture reader must.

For drawing, traditional mineral supplements are used for the calculation of a large number of nitrogen and potash compounds, but the small number of phosphate. Culture often responds to null. Therefore, the mulching of the nearby space can be carried out using the livestock products, adding ash. Sanitary and forming trimming of trees are made from the first years of market development, which largely contributes to abundant harvests.

Resistance to diseases and pests

Culture is highly resistant to the disease Cokkcomciasis and monilion. The likelihood of lesion during the permit attacks is at the average level.

Conducting a complex of preventive procedures for culture is the desired element of care. This includes regular cleaning of the plot, carrying out formative and sanitary trim. The invasions of the Tly and the cherry peeler well stop the processing of traditional insecticidal agents.

Stability to soil-climatic conditions

Although culture is highly resistant to droughts, irrigation is recommended 1-2 times a month. The level of frost-resistant practice is assessed as medium, so the grade is unsuitable for growing in cold latitudes. To obstruct rodents, strains are covered with burlap or other materials.

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