- Form form: rounded
- Syspability: No
- Fruit: medium length, thick, easily separated from the branch
- Authors: O.WITH. Zhukov, G.G. Nikiforova (VNIIGISPR them. AND.IN. Michurina)
- Appeared when crossed: Slava Zhukova X Bigarro
- Year of assumptions: 2010
- Type of growth: middle-resistant
- Purpose: Universal
- Yield: High
- Tree height, m: from 3 to 4
See all the characteristics
The popular dream of any gardener is a landing on the cherry sector that will bring abundant harvest. This can be achieved if you carefully approach the selection of the variety. Italian cherry is the optimal option, resistant to frost and pleasing gardeners with large fruits.
History of removal
The new grade of Cherishchi Italian brought breeders from Russia to the NII Genetics named and. IN. Michurina. Her fruits are distinguished by unsurpassed taste, and today they are able to harm with Dutch varieties.
Description of varieties
Italian is represented by mid-graady trees. Grade Characteristics:
Large leaves of a saturated dark green color;
The shoots of the middle thickness of the brownish shade, straight;
Large and white flowers.
The tree reaches a height of 3-4 meters in the first years of development.
The cherry forms fruits weighing up to 6 g on the thick fruit of medium length, which is easily separated from the branch. Standard features:
form – rounded;
Color – dark red;
Color flesh – pink.
The fetus contains a large amount of various substances:
Sahars – 14.8%;
acids – 13.52%;
Ascorbic acid – 1.09%.
Berries are universal, suitable for both fresh use and preparation of jam, compotes and other blanks.
The fruits of sweet cherry Italian can boast a pleasant dessert taste and sweet aroma. Elastic pulp of medium density with an easily separated bone – the main advantages of the variety for which gardeners should appreciate.
Ripening and fruiting
Grade Italian early ripening time, fruit starts for 4-5 years after landing.
The variety is distinguished by high yield rates. From one tree, with the right approach to the cultivation, it will be possible to collect up to 80 kg of berries. The first fruits of the tree will begin to form 4-5 years after disembarking. With 1 hectare you can collect on average 106.2 c.
Self-duration and the need for pollinators
The cherry is not self-polished, for the formation of fruits it is necessary to location near the neighbors. Fatal varieties can be: folk, journey or beauty.
Growing and care
Italian has no special soil requirements. Recommendations for landing.
It is better to plant a tree on an elevation, where there is no risk of cluster of melt waters in the spring.
Landing should be performed on solar and open areas, withsting a small distance between the trees.
The variety is undemanding to the soil, but the optimal option will be the choice of fertile and loosening soil, which can get roots with oxygen and nutritional components.
Planting a tree is better in spring when freezing will be completed and warm, sunny weather will be installed. The variety is quickly coming in any conditions, resistant to lower temperatures. To achieve a rude crop will help timely care.
Abundant amount of water must be made in several cases:
before landing in the hole;
In arid days.
In other cases, the sherry Italian needs a moderate watering, when the soil remains wet, but it does not suffer from excess water.
Fertilize Italian Craft is in the spring, since during this period the tree quickly accepts and absorbs nutritional components. Make useful substances are recommended immediately after the cessation of frosts. Additional recommendations for timing.
For the second year it is worth making feeding from nitrogen fertilizers. The best option is the use of urea in the ratio of 100 g per seedling. Fertilizer can be scattered on a roller circle or shop.
3 years after the cherry landing, it is recommended to help the soil with a urea solution, in which 10 liters account for 20 g of the component.
Adult tree 5-6 years old can be filtered with granulated superphosphate in the amount of 250 g per barrel and ammophos – on 1 tree 80 g.
Additionally, it is worth strengthening the bark of the plant. You can make it with sulfur fertilizers, introduced under the root of the tree.
The best option will be a snowing out of a sweetheart into a fertilous sampling or loamy soil. It is important to ensure that the site is not blocked by drafts. It is also recommended to remove the excess water.
Cherry Italian grows into a powerful tree with strong barrel and skeletal branches that require timely trimming. The main recommendations of experienced gardeners.
Proper to form a crown will help trimming in the first tier of most branches, you can leave only 3 skeletal. In this case, the first branch should be slightly higher than the rest.
The second tier of the crown should be at a distance of 70 cm above the first and consist of 2 branches. Just above it is necessary to leave another 1 branch.
For 3 years after disembarkation, you can start trimming the central trunk, it is necessary to do it at an angle of 40 degrees to not harm the seedlings and speed up the regeneration of the place of the cut.
The Italian grade is growing quickly, so the shoots regularly need to shorten by 20-30 cm so that Krona was formed true, and the plant did not spend extra forces on the growth of the branches.
Resistance to diseases and pests
Italian has a strong immunity and is not exposed to fungal diseases. However, do not forget about the prevention. Additional processing allows you to forget for the season about Cockkomikozia and other diseases.
Stability to soil-climatic conditions
The grade has excellent freezing resistance. The tree will not need to be covered when cold. If necessary, it is possible to put the fertilizer in the fall, which will apply roots and strengthen the immune system.