- Authors: Kharitonova E. N., Zhukov O. WITH., Chirm N. M.
- Appeared when crossed: Coral X Premiere
- Year of assumptions: 2010
- Type of trunk: wood
- Type of growth: middle-resistant
- Crown: medium density, raised, spherical
- Epishers: medium length and thickness
- Leaves: medium, elliptical, dark green
- Flowers: Large, White
- Full size: average
See all the characteristics
Planning a garden, I want to plant the most delicious fruit varieties that will give stable yields. Among the cherry trees, one of the popular among the gardeners is the variety of the Fairy Patriotic Selection.
History of removal
The cherry fairy turned out as a result of a group of breeders of FGBNU. Michurina in 1993. The authors of the varieties are beetles about. WITH., Chirm N. M. and Kharitonova E. N. Parental forms of Cherry Fairy is a premiere and coral. Added to the State Register of Grade in 2010. Culture in the Central Black Earth Culture.
Description of varieties
Fairy is a medium-wing tree, which has a neat and raised ball-haired crown with a medium thickening dark green leaves, moderate branchiness of strong branches and a developed root system. In favorable conditions, the cherry tree grows to 200-250 cm.
Cherry blooms in May. At this time, the round krona is abundantly covered by large snow-white flowers. In each inflorescence collected 2-3 flower.
Cherry Fairy refers to the middle-deployment varieties. On a healthy tree ripen fruit weighing up to 3.5 g. Cherries has a rounded-oval shape with a smooth and glossy surface. Ripe fruits are characterized by an incredibly beautiful color – light pink, which highlights cherry among other varieties. Skin in fruit thin, elastic, without subcutaneous points and spots.
The collected cherries eat fresh, canning, processed on compotes, jams and jams, frozen, used in cooking. Due to the fact that the separation of the fruits from cherries is partially dry, they perfectly carry transportation and are stored at least 10 days in appropriate conditions.
The taste of cherries is excellent. Yellow-pink pulp is endowed with a tender and juicy consistency. Taste harmonious – sour-sweet, perfectly complemented by a pleasant aroma. There are no tartness and bitterness. In the cherry pulp contains a bough of 11% of sugars and about 2% of titrate acids.
Ripening and fruiting
Average cherry starts fruit for 3-4 years after landing. Fruit of grade stable, annual. You can taste the cherries at the end of June, and the massive ripening of Cherries falls on the first half of July. Peel the fruits gradually, so the fertility period is slightly stretched, it can continue until July 20.
Variety varieties are good. With proper care with 1 hectare, you can collect up to 83.2 s harvest. In the middle, one adult tree for the season gives up to 12 kg of delicious cherries.
Self-duration and the need for pollinators
Sort-free grade (more than 50%), however, the presence of donor trees can increase yield rates by 20-40%. The most productive varieties of pollinators are considered by the Labor, Turgenevka and Vladimir.
Planting a seedlings and in spring and autumn (depending on the climatic characteristics of the region). Experienced gardeners are recommended to plant a tree in early spring, before the vegetation. Distance between plantations should be 150-200 cm. In the fall, the cherry seedlings fairy landed only in the southern regions. For planting, annual or two-year seedlings with a height of 90-110 cm are selected.
Growing and care
Sit cherry on a cleaned area, where a lot of light and sun. It is recommended to place the fairy in the southern part of the garden, where there is protection against drafts and gusty winds.
Care for fruit-berry culture Completeness: regular watering, feeding, removal of dry branches, formation of crown, prevention of diseases, soil loosening and preparation for winter. Watering are carried out according to the schedule, three times for the season: during the flowering period, when the fruits are tied and with autumn soil resistance. The feeders are entered alternately: organic and mineral. Forming trimming is carried out when the tree is at rest, and sanitary – as needed. In front of the winter necessarily mulching the nearby zone, for this is used by the straw or fir branches. From rodents, the tree is protected by a cavalry of a snack or by installing a special fine-grained mesh.
Resistance to diseases and pests
Cherry’s immune system. High resistance to the tree is celebrated to the Cocketonary and many other fungal diseases. Among insects attacking the cherry tree Fairy, dangerous is only a word, to get rid of which insecticide processing will help.
Stability to soil-climatic conditions
The cherry species is characterized by frost resistance, and also easily transfers short drought, heat. Wood is comfortable to grow on fertile, moisture and air-permeable soil with neutral acidity. Surverating groundwater should be deep so that the moisture should not be formed, which is adversely affected by the rope of the root system. Negatively on the development of wood can affect strong shaders and excessive dampness.