- Authors: Ukraine
- Year of assumptions: 1974
- Type of trunk: bush
- Type of growth: middle-resistant
- Crown: Flat-core, drooping
- Leaves: light green, medium, have an oval shape with a sharp tip and base
- Flowers: White, large, wide open
- Full size: Large
- Form form: Plane-core
- Painting fruit: dark burgundy, almost black
See all the characteristics
Among typically acidic cherry berries there are varieties with large, juicy fruits with a weakly sprinkled acid. It is such a taste that Chernykorca is possessed, with success cultivated by Ukrainian and Russian gardeners since 1974.
History of removal
Grandkorca variety – Experimental product of professional breeders living in Ukraine. They managed to get a fairly yield cherry tree. Since the cherry allowed to use and at current moment it is grown in different Ukrainian and Russian regions, especially in the North Caucasus district.
Description of varieties
The tree of the Black Marks grows up to 2.5 meters in height and looks like a large shrub. He has a plane-headed krona, covered with light green oval leaves. Cherry blossom covered with white flowers. In one inflorescence from 2 to 5 flowers.
Under the dark burgundy, almost black skin of the cherry hides a bordeaux juicy flesh. Inside a small bone. She is well separated from the pulp. Cherry shelter is flat-core, large in size, weighing 4.0-4.5 g.
The taste of fresh fruits professionals are estimated by 4.5 points out of 5. Tight flesh slightly sweetish, highlights saturated red juice.
Ripening and fruiting
Scroping grade brings fruit for 3-4 years from landing. Flowering culture begins from late April – early May. The period of fruiting begins on July 20. It is characterized by a stretched character.
On average, from one cherry tree it turns out about 30 kg of berries. You can double yields using the right agrotechnic in optimal growing conditions.
Self-duration and the need for pollinators
Cherry Cherkowkorca enters the group of self-visual plants, and so that the crop turns out abundant and high-quality, she needs the neighborhood of suitable pollinator trees. With this role, cherry varieties are coped to the best: Lyuda, Nord Star, vocation and cherry trees: Aelita, Don Star, Big Star, Yaroslavna.
When choosing a young seedling of the cherries of the described variety, should be supervised by the following features: the tree must be a meter altitude, with actively developed roots and several fresh twigs. It is important to inspect it to eliminate any disease indicators. On the crust and sheet plates should not be seen and damage, all parts of a healthy elastic slander.
Deciding with a suitable saplress, it remains to choose the appropriate place on the plot for its landing. For abundant fruiting cherries of this variety, a lot of sun is needed and reliable protection from purging cold winds. Best to protect her reliable fence or building.
In addition, it is important that within 4 meters from it from it there were no other trees, as the representative of the Cherkokorca variety does not fit the proximity of such a neighborhood. And also a cherry seedling should not shadow grape vines.
Certain requirements Ukrainian cherry presents to the composition of the Earth. The optimal will be a loamy substrate and a non-breaking groundwater. The soil response is needed neutral, within 6.5-7.0 pH, but in any case you have to fertilize the soil and periodically limit.
The described plant is planted into the soil as soon as she sufficiently warms down under the sun. Preparatory work are engaged in advance. In particular, the training of landing pit begins a month before the presumptive planting of the seedlings.
Its sizes are determined by the volume of rhizomes. To make a seedling easier to fit in a new place, organic fertilizers are placed on the bottom of the pit, mixed with superphosphate and potassium chloride in the same proportions.
Growing and care
As with all other cherry trees, a timely watering is needed, high-quality loosening, periodic trimming and a full range of agricultural engineering, stimulating the harmonious development of the plant.
At the first time of growth in a new place, watering a sapling is supposed to produce often and regularly. A few months later, when the tree is strengthened, there will be enough water buckets 1-4 times a month. Closer to autumn the number of polishes should be reduced, and from September they are already completely nothing. Cherkokorca is gratefully responding to the correct care for the priesthood. In this zone, it is necessary to periodically remove all weighing plants and produce surface people of the soil.
Every year before flowering, the plant must be fueled by mineral complexes in the form of a liquid urea solution, potassium chloride and superphosphate. In addition, almost any substrate should be further minted by making ground limestone. It is possible to replace it with a dolomite flour, and the proportion of the substance is to count on the type of soil on the plot.
After the cherry flowering, the organic is shown as a fertilizer: natural components or chemical compounds that are available in any gardener, agricultural.
Usually fertilize with the peopling or watered with solutions of the soil in the attractive area. In the autumn period (after harvesting berries) for feeding it is recommended to use any industrial complexes without nitrogen in the composition. But in them must be potassium and phosphorus.
Pruning for the cherry of this variety is relying regular. It does not differ from the manipulations that make other varieties with the cherry trees.
Resistance to diseases and pests
Many gardeners depress the fact that Cherry Cherry Cherry Corridge has no sufficient immunity to the impact of pests from insect detachments. And it also suffers from damage to pathogenic microorganisms. Often the plant is subject to the development of kokkomicosis.
An effective method of confrontation with cunning fear is the timely collection of foliage foliage with its immediate total destruction. Then the cherry tree is supposed to spray with antifungal fungicidal drug. This is done at the stage of completion of the flowering period and after the fruits are collected.
Stability to soil-climatic conditions
Cherkinka normally reacts to dry periods. Watering is necessary only if the rain is absent for the month. About winter hardiness cherry of this variety can be said the same – it is relatively high.
Chernykorcorca Chernya appreciate for high frost resistance characteristic of all cherry varieties. But there are a high probability of damage to shoots.
In this regard, on the outcome of the fall, it is advisable to carefully protect the roots, mulching the soil in the zone of the priority circle with horse-fruit or sawdust. Stack usually wipe out by any protective material. When snow drops in winter, it serves as an extra natural layer for the shelter of culture.
The fruits of the cherries of this variety are most often consumed in food fresh, often used in the form of components for conservation of various compotes, jams, and also for cooking wine and lyters.