Cherry Bryanochka

  • Form form: Wide-and-shaped
  • Authors: M.IN. Canyshina (All-Russian Nii of Lupine)
  • Appeared when crossed: 8-14 x red dense
  • Year of assumptions: 2009
  • Type of growth: middle-resistant
  • Purpose: Universal
  • Crown: rounded-oval, rare
  • Epishers: straight, gray
  • Sheet: oval, large, high tipper
  • Full size: medium or large

See all the characteristics

Cherry Bryanochka – Domestic variety, resistant to frost, diseases and pests. Attracts high yield gardeners and excellent characteristics of fruits. It is worth considering the variety features.

History of removal

Bryanochka breeders were engaged in breeders from Russia. Scientists managed to obtain resistant to frost grade with a strong immunity and high yield indicator. Cherry is suitable for growing in the northern regions of the country, for which gardens is valued.

Description of varieties

Bryanochka – average grade. Characteristics:

  • Tree height – 3 meters;

  • Leaf plates – large, pointed, green;

  • Flowers – White, collected in inflorescences of three pieces;

  • shoot – straight, gray.

Cherish has a rounded-oval rare crown.

Fruit characteristic

Grade pleases gardeners large berries of a wide-shaped. The fruits are large, the average weight of the berry is 4.7-7.1 g. Characteristics:

  • dense skin;

  • Dark red tint of peel;

  • compacted and juicy flesh.

Skin is resistant to external influences, does not deteriorate even with an adverse climate.

Taste qualities

Tastors evaluate the taste of sweet cherry Bryanochka for 5 points. Sweet berries, make a pleasant fragrance and have excellent transportation. Thanks to the dense skin, do not deform and do not deteriorate during the week.

Berries of varieties are suitable for use in the latest form and winter consumption in the form of jams, jams, sweet pastries for baking. Ascorbic acid is present in the fetus, sugar.

Ripening and fruiting

Bryanochka blossom starts in the end of spring, pleaseing gardeners with plenty of inflorescences, in each of which 3 fruits. The first berries begin to form 5 years after disembarking. Fertility deadlines are determined by the presence and view of the pollinators located near. Mostly berries ripen closer towards the end of July.

Yield

In the Bryanka, a rather high yield rate. On average, you can collect 93 c berries. Maximum indicator – 308 c / ha. One tree brings up to 20 kg of fruits.

Self-duration and the need for pollinators

Bryanochka – self-visible grade that requires a pollinator for the formation of fruits. The best assistants in this case will be a variety of Veda, Tyutchevka and Iput.

Growing and care

Bryanochka refers to the category of late plants, so the tree can be planted as in the spring, so in the autumn period. The second option is preferable for southern regions, where you can have time to plant a variety for 3 weeks before frosts.

In the rest of the regions, it is better to plant the Bryanochka in the spring, in April, when the snow will come down, and warm weather will be installed on the street. First of all it will be necessary to decide on the landing site. Recommendations for choosing.

  • Cherry prefers plains or not cool slopes lit by the Sun, where there are no drafts and strong winds.

  • Groundwater should be located deep. Otherwise it is necessary to provide a drainage system so that the plant does not rot.

  • Cherry can be planted near the apple tree and pears, however, at a great distance, so that the roots of the trees did not oppress the variety. And it is also not recommended to choose places where conifers grow, birch. Finally, you should not plant vegetable cultures that can attract unwanted insects. Top Neighbors for Cherry – Plum, Honeysuckle or Cherry.

  • You can only plant healthy seedlings from 1 meter long with powerful roots. It is better to give preference to two-year trees with strong immunity and without damage.

Before landing the roots of the Bryashochk, it is worth omitting into the water to get the required amount of moisture. And also in the container you can add a solution for disinfection.

The landing algorithm looks like this.

  • First, the soil is prepared, digging in it a pits in size 70×70 cm and a depth of 50 cm.

  • Next, fertile soil and organic fertilizers are poured into the deepening. Earth additionally loose for oxygen saturation.

  • Trees planted on the prepared wells, pre-stripped the roots and not letting them.

  • After disembarking, the holes fall asleep and neatly tram.

  • Next make a bucket of water under the bush, and mulch the place of landing with grass or humus.

When landing it is worth abide by the distance between trees in 3 meters. Cherish landing is just the first stage. Getting a rich crop will help timely and thorough care for the culture.

  1. Watering. It is necessary to organize regular irrigation, especially this is relevant during the formation of the kidneys, colors, wounds and in front of wintering. Abundant amount of moisture should be made during drought. In the rainy season, you can give up the procedure for a while.

  1. Podkord. The first fertilizers begin to enter when the cherry reaches the age of 3. Main types of feeding: nitrogen-containing during vegetation and flowering; Organic, phosphoric and potash at the time of the formation of fruits. Before frosts, a cherry is worth helping complex compositions.

  1. Loosening. Mandatory procedure after watering. It is necessary to loosen the ground near the trunk, which additionally mulch its natural components.

  1. Trimming. Mandatory is in the first 4 years of growth of plants for the formation of the crown. In the future, mostly shortening shoots and monitor the maximum of 4 skeletal branches on each tier. And also do not forget about the sanitary trim, which is carried out in spring and before the onset of frosts.

Additionally, gardeners advise to take care of young seedlings. Radious trees are recommended for the period of cold weather in the first 2-3 years. To do this, you can use burlap, loutrasil or fir branches.

Resistance to diseases and pests

Grade is resistant to most diseases and pests. However, gardeners are recommended to carry out prophylactic treatments, as well as not to plant trees near vegetable crops and other potential insect carriers.

Stability to soil-climatic conditions

Adult trees of Bryanochki can withstand freezes to -30 degrees. For such a feature, the varieties value gardeners, as it makes it possible to cultivate cherry in the regions with harsh climatic conditions.

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