Tomatoes with all its demands for care – Favorite culture for almost all gardeners. By itself, everyone wants to see bright, major fruits on healthy bushes at the end of the season on his site, and not an extended Tley Bott. For this, landings need to be observed and carefully care for, including – to conduct competent and timely feeding. Not everyone wants to use chemical fertilizers on their garden. And then home recipes come to revenue. Increasingly, with the cultivation of tomatoes, gardeners with experience is used by iodine – the drug, with a competent application that does not have a harmful effect on the inhabitant of the garden, nor per person. The substance will provide plants with additional nutrition, will help them cope with the mass of microbes and fungi. His beneficial effect on the development of culture has already rated by many.
Iodine is inexpensive, uses this pharmacy age no one generation of gardeners. But in work with iodine there are controversial moments. We will tell about this tool Read more.
What is it needed for?
Pharmacy iodine is a alcohol solution (5%) of the chemical element present, for example, in algae and sea water. In certain doses, it is useful both for human and plants. The useful properties of iodine specifically for tomatoes are as follows:
- iodine increases yield, and also improves the quality of the fruit;
- The use of iodine helps to increase the immunity of the plant;
- the duration of the maturation of tomatoes is reduced;
- When feeding, iodine grows the number of uncens;
- iodine makes it easier to master the tomatoes in the soil and nitrogen air and can replace, for example, Selitra;
- helps to fight tool, ticks and other pests;
- Tomato painting becomes uniform;
- The stability of the plant increases with temperature and high humidity drops.
On some favorable effects of iodine application for feeding, fertilizer and tomato treatment is worth stopping. The first case, when it is worth thinking about the use of iodine – the appearance of signs in plants pointing to its shortage. One of them is that the tomatoes cannot stop in the final period of life.
Another feature is a clear decrease in plant immunity. This is especially dangerous for the “youth”. Seedlings may just not have enough strength to fight disease. Iodine helps to disinfect the soil. It is effective in the fight against mosaic, root rot, brown spottedness and phytoofluoro – one of the most dangerous diseases of tomatoes that can deprive you of all harvest.
Phytofluorosis is more characteristic of plants grown in the greenhouse. This fungus, respectively, is multiplied by disputes that are easily transferred to water, wind, love moisture and have high frost resistance.
The reason to raise the alarm – appearance on the leaves and stalks of brown spots. Other symptoms: Split brown spots under the skin of fruits and white raid on the bottom of the sheet after the rain.
Manifests itself on tomatoes sore in the third decade of July. Fighting the phytoofluoroa – as if to lead a permanent war, as it is almost impossible to destroy disputes. Iodine killing these disputes can be the chief assistant of the gardener in this struggle. Iodine the greenhouse should be treated in spring when the air temperature reaches +10 degrees – it is then that the disputes are activated. Using iodine when disinfection greenhouse will help reduce losses to a minimum.
How to breed?
So iodine brought your garden benefits, it is necessary to make it properly, observing the proportion. There are several recipes. Remember – to increase the dosage of iodine can in no way!
Recipe number 1
On 3 liters of warm water requires a drop of iodine. This solution is used only on wet soil, in the case of applying for seedlings, it is necessary only a bit moistened soil or spray a bush.
Recipe number 2: For three-stage root feeding
Step 1: seedlings
For processing seedlings of a pair of yell droplets divorces 5 liters of heated water.
Stage 2: When forming a ovary
5 drops of iodine on the bucket of warm water. Facely by the formula: “1 liter of solution – 1 bush”. Exception – the lowest varieties of tomatoes for which 0.7 liters are needed on the bush.
Stage 3: In the period of fruiting
All the same 5 drops of iodine on a bucket of warm water, plus a glass of wood ash is now added.
Recipe number 3: To protect against phytoofluorosis
4-5 yeod drops for 10 liters of water. The solution thus obtained is necessary to spray the bushes every 15-20 days. Insist any solution advise 6 hours. The concentration of iodine should increase only when feeding during the period of fruiting, however, here the opinion of gardeners diverge, what will be discussed in the future.
In addition to the use of a clean iodine solution, multicomponent homemade fertilizers and feeding on it can be used on it.
Popular with superficial feeding of tomatoes recipe. Milk contains a lot of elements capable of bringing the plant to benefit: magnesium, potassium, phosphorus, etc. D., And besides, improving the growth of amino acid tomatoes. Milk balancing acid-alkaline balance, helps plants absorb useful substances and improves the taste of fruits. Moreover, the acidic whey medium is destructive for fungi.
The composition of the basic solution is as follows: 1 liter of warm water, 1 cup of milk (not pasteurized, ideally – home or farm!), 3 drops of iodine. This mixture spray ground parts of the plant. Spraying should be produced in the morning or in the evening when there is no bright sun. The resulting liquid is used to spray the ground part of the culture.
Another famous recipe with milk and iodine is used if the signs of phytoophluorosis occurred. Its composition: 1 liter of dairy serum, 15 ml of three-percent hydrogen peroxide and 40 drops of iodine per 10 liters of water. The resulting mixture you need to spray all the plant. In this case, the milk serum acts as a protective barrier, forming a film on the tops.
With boric acid
Other Popular Joda Supplement – Boric Acid. Cocktail with it increases disease resistance. The mixture is prepared as follows: 3 liters of wood ashes fall asleep in 5 liters of heated water. Insist from 1 to 1.5 hours. Another 7 liters of water, 10 ml iodine and 10 ml of boric acid add. Stir. Withstand during the day. For irrigation, the composition is diluted with water (liter of fertilizer for 10 liters of water).
Bor helps the root growth, gives an impetus to the flowering and formation of fruits, and in addition – it warns the provision of uncess. Boric acid is probably the second in popularity after iodine homemade means to combat phytoophluorosis and other diseases of tomatoes. Boric acid applies not only in a duet with iodine, but also “solo”. Its with a solution of tomatoes feed 2-3 times for the country season – in the late spring or early summer for prevention, after the formation of buds and when active flowering went. Conduct treatment in dry weather, in the morning or evening.
A solution of boric acid for working with tomatoes is prepared in proportion of 5 grams of active substance for 10 liters of water. One liter of such a liquid is enough for 10 square meters of landing. For the root feeding of boric acid add 10 grams.
Attention! Add composition with boric acid under root can be exclusively after the rich watering of the plant.
Milk and boric acid list of “associates” of iodine in the struggle for the crop is not limited.
The recipe for feeding with kefir is similar to the recipe with milk. The ratio of components as follows: 0.5 liters of kefir, 10 liters of water, 10 drops of iodine. The purpose of the application coincide with milk and whey.
In the fight against phytoofluoride to iodine can join the green. On 5 liters of water you need 20 drops of green and 5 iodine. Measure the volume of the greenfront, like iodine, most convenient for all pipette or syringe. Saplings should be treated with a mixture two weeks after disembarking in the ground and repeat the procedure every 14 days. The method is rather ambiguous. It is unknown to the end, as the greenflower on tomatoes affects. But everything is clear in relation to its coloring properties – traces of the solution of the solution can stay with you for a week.
Experienced gardeners believe that the processing of iodine and greenfront makes sense only as an additional measure, after using special drugs to combat the disease.
It can be added to iodine and manganese, in the ratio of the field of crystals per 100 ml of composition. Manganese – Another antiseptic, well-working on plants and at the same time containing potassium and manganese, positively affecting their growth. As in the case of iodine, when working with manganese, it is important to comply with the proportions so as not to burn the plant.
Manganese processing seeds, withsting their couple-triple minutes in its solution (1 gram per 1 liter of cold water) and sprinkle the plants themselves. Spray them with light crimson or pink (in no way violet!) solution in May-June, at the end of the first month of summer and in mid-July, if the weather is not arid. After the rain at the time of processing, no less than a day should go.
Tomato berries and leaves handle once a week with a mixture of 3 grams of manganese at 10 liters of water. Even for the treatment of disease, manganese is used in combination with garlic. 100 grams of crushed garlic bulbs poured a glass of water and withstand a day in a dark place. Then add 1 gram of manganese. The concentrated composition is bred in 10 liters of water and apply once every 10-15 days.
Some dackets are treated by manganese and already collected fruits, if there is a danger that Petopoftor will kill them before they donate. The collected tomatoes are kept in warm water with manganese, wrap, pre-drying, paper and leave to divert.
Mix of iodine and garlic – one more homemade medicine from phytoofluorosis. It is made of a rattling mixture according to the following recipe: 20 grams of water goes 20 grams of iodine, 200 grams of chopped garlic or arrows of garlic and 30 grams of soap. The first in the water is added chopped garlic. It must be broken by 2-3 days, after which the composition is filled, bred in 10 liters of water and only then the rest of the components add. Recipe interesting, although the large amount of iodine added is confused by many gardeners.
After the start of the flowering period, you can combine the feeding of the tomatoes with iodine with a nutritious feeding of yeast. 5 liters of yeast solution required 3 drops of iodine. Prepare a yeast solution is actually both dry and raw yeast. Here are two recipes for this composition.
On dry yeast: it will take 5 liters with warm (not hot!) Water, 5 grams of dry yeast, 1 tablespoon of sugar. Mixing the components, they must be left for 2-3 hours.
On raw yeast: 10 liters of heated water, 100 grams of yeast, 2 tablespoons of sugar. The composition must pose before the appearance of bubbles. Sugar in these mixtures – optional ingredient, enhancing fermentation.
It is believed that it is worth using it if it is planned to make fertilizer by irrigating the root, and with normal feeding you can do without adding it.
Yeast – Powerful natural stimulant, generous for vegetable substances. This product strengthens the roots and stems of tomatoes, accelerates growth and stimulates flowering. Do not forget – excessive yeast feeding can harm, and not benefit! A significant amount of nitrogen-separated nitrogen leads to thickening of leaves and a drop in yield. For the period of growth, such an additive is optimally used 4 times, combining it with rich potassium and calcium fertilizers, since these substances absorbs nitrogen.
Methods and rules of application
Sobering with what to feed, let’s go to how it needs to be done. Separate root and surface feeding with iodine. To achieve the maximum result, they should be alternate. The root technique is better suited for seedlings – it allows you to increase the future yield of tomatoes up to 15%. The first time is processed after the second pair of leaves. The second processing is recommended at the stage of the emergence of the wound, the third – in the period of fruiting. But there is an opinion that for the period of aging fruit feeding with iodine better and stop at all, so this is a controversial moment.
However, iodine even treated seeds for their pre-disinfection. The solution for them is prepared in the ratio of a drop (0.1 g) iodine per liter of water. The fertilizer is wetted a piece of gauze, into which the seeds wrap up and leave them for 7 hours. Wash seeds after the procedure is not necessary, you should only remove them in a dark place.
You can do tougher, heating a solution to fifty degrees, but then only the strongest of seeds will survive.
Before starting a conversation about watering tomatoes with compositions with iodine, let’s say a few words about their irrigation, since if it is incorrect, then no feeding will help. The soil for tomatoes should have a humidity above 80%, but also to fill the plant – you risk changing the roots. Avoid watering on the Sun – focused rays can leave burns on the leaves.
Seedling loves water of approximately 20-degree temperatures, exchange processes are accelerated when watering. Exercise the procedure is best twice a day. After 15 days, you can go to one-time watering. When tomatoes went into color, you can cut the frequency of irrigation to the pair-triple once a week, after flowering, the tomatoes are not so demanding to watering.
Since the establishment of marching, watering is produced under the root, before the formation of a small puddle. And when fruits begin to form, watered every day or every other day, increasing the water consumption on the bush to two liters. Performing watering fertilizer, it is worth remembering about several ordinary rules. First, it is impossible to use cold water for this – this can cause the root system of the “shock” tomatoes. Secondly, water is better to have a slightly wet soil. Thirdly, you need to do it clearly under the root. The day before moving the seedlings to the beds, they need to be treated with fertilizer, abundantly irrigated with a solution of iodine, prepared in a proportion of 3 drops by 10 liters of water – it will kill the habitable infection and will help tomatoes get better.
Spraying – the most popular method of extractive plant treatment. For the first time it is produced somewhere two weeks after landing in a greenhouse. Spray the beds need evenly, holding a sprayer at a distance from the bushes.
Spraying season in the greenhouse ends in August, and plants in the open soil can be calmly sprinkle at the end of September. Cool weather from the procedure is better to refuse. Minimum temperature – +18 degrees.
There is a couple of cunning tricks suitable, though only for greenhouses that can replace spraying. They will save your time, but in efficiency will still be weaker. Trick is the first: to hang for every two square meters of greenhouses on an open iodine bottle. Do not forget only that it will be impossible for a long time in such a room. Second trick: Use Space Tea Package, Ioda Capper. They hang in a greenhouse according to a scheme similar to bubbles.
Another trick: if you add a bit of economic soap into solution, then it will not give it to drain, and therefore effectiveness will increase, and the flow is “.
Everything is good in moderation. So iodine helped your crop, and did not burn the plants, observe simple precautions.
- The first watering of the iodine should not be carried out earlier than a week after the first feeding. Water not root, and earth!
- If brown spots began to appear on the leaves and fruits – you have moved. Only frequent and abundant irrigated.
- When using iodine in the greenhouse, it must be regularly ventilated.
- Do not do too sturdy solution, t. To. This is a potent substance, in the specified doses of it more than enough. When the concentration is exceeded, the harm can also get a bush, and you, if you breathe a pair.
- Yes, iodine is harmless in small doses, but even 3 grams of substances that have fallen into the body can lead to a fatal outcome. Clearly observe the recipe for an increase in the yield, so as not to burn the plant, store the solution in an inaccessible place for children.
Some fear of the risk of accumulating iodine in the fruits. This fear is clear, but when compliance with dosages, the concentration of iodine in tomatoes will (if it will be at all – there is an opinion that iodine does not accumulate in them) meager. In the end, we apply iodized salt.