The ash is considered a popular feeder that allows you to significantly increase the yield of cabbage and protect it from pest insects. These fertilizers used our grandparents and grandparents. Nowadays, gardens that do not trust chemical solutions are preferred, making a choice in favor of the organicists.
Pros and cons
Wood ash is a powdered substance that is formed after burning wood of coniferous and hardwood, plant residues, peat, coal and straws. It includes potassium, phosphorus, calcium, sulfur, iron, molybdenum and other trace elements that love white and cauliflower. The benefits of such feeding is obvious:
This fills the deficit of potassium and phosphorus, replaces ready-made shopping fertilizers;
helps to increase the yield of culture;
facilitates heavy substrates;
improves soil air permeability;
normalizes pH peeled soil.
Unlike store chemistry, this supplement is 100% eco-friendly and safe for plants, it does not harm people and pets. This fertilizer does not cause an allergic reaction and a chemical burn on the human skin, does not damage the respiratory organs and mucosa. When working with ash composures, there is no need to use respirators, masks and protective gloves.
The advantages of ash include its availability and efficiency. So, not every gardener can be able to acquire expensive fertilizers.
You can get a woody ash in my area in any required quantity, and completely free.
Feeding ash cabbage, you can enhance the immunity of the plant and thereby minimize the risk of the development of fungal and bacterial diseases. Woody ash has proven itself as an excellent agent against some species of pests. In addition, it is often added to the compost pits – in this case it accelerates the decomposition of the organics and improves the compost structure.
There are practically no shortcomings of ash. It can harm the cabbage only if synthetic components will fall together with ashes in the ground. Therefore, it is unacceptable to use the ash in the vegetable garden, obtained after burning wood-chip and laminated plates, painted and lacquered boards. Cannot burn with plastic or polyethylene tree. Birch-based fertilizers are greatest efficient – such a ash is universal and can be used to treat trees, shrubs and young seedlings.
For feeding seedlings and strengthening bushes planted on a garden, the easiest way to use ash fertilizers in liquid form. The components of the solution are better absorbed by the root system of young cabbage and give a more pronounced effect for its growth and development. Usually prepare infers and solutions.
It is prepared according to the scheme:
350-400 g of wood ashes siey and poured into a clean bucket;
poured steep boiling water, mixing thoroughly;
insist 1-2 days.
Before use, the liquid is filled with, and then watered the root cabbage or spray from the sprayer.
A solid of ash
For watering beds with cabbage you can make a solution:
A glass of crushed ash is poured with a bucket of warm water;
This nutritional composition can be used immediately after cooking.
Despite all the advantages of the ash fertilizer, do not make feeding chaotically, exceeding the recommended dosages. Fertilize cappist need correctly. It is advisable to carry out processing taking into account the phases of the growing culture – only in this case the product will bring cappusion. To increase the efficiency of ashes mix with other fertilizers, thus comprehensive mixtures.
Usually, the ash brought under the cabbage bushes according to a specific scheme.
Immediately after planning to a greenhouse or outdoor ground. It makes it easier for the plants adaptation in new conditions and softens stress.
10 days after the first feeding, the second introduction of ashes / ash solution is carried out.
Throughout the vegetation period, the cabbage must be picked up with mineral fertilizers, including wood ashol. In general, for the period of growth and blooming, fade by ash are made 4 times.
Important: Before using the ash fertilizers, the soil acidity parameters should be determined. If the reaction turns out to be alkaline, it should not use such feeding, as it will worsen the quality of the substrate. But for acidic land, wood ash will have to be very useful because the output will be neutral reaction.
When feeding, seedlings are usually used dry ash, it is applied by polling the stems and leaves. This processing is repeated every 8-10 days, then the cabbage will grow much faster. After 2 or 3 permanent leaves appear on the stem, you can pollination with a mixture of ash and tobacco dust – these measures will allow to protect the plant from cabbage flies and other pests.
When planting plants to open ashes, the ashes are brought into the landing wells together with humus. If this is not done, then after 10-12 days, the first feeding should be held. For this, 200 g of ash and 50 g of superphosphate are poured with a bucket of water, stirred and make a 500 ml in a bed for each bush.
Watering is desirable to produce in the evening or cloudy weather, while you need to monitor the makeup not falling on the leaves and stems.
The second time the plants need to be filtered in 2 weeks. To do this, a glass of ashes are poured into the water bucket and 0.5 kg of bird may be added or a cow. After that, it is necessary to mix the solution thoroughly, strain and add 1 liter for each bush.
The third and fourth feeding are carried out only for medium and late-lighted cabbage varieties, Since the early by this time already tie Cochanis, gain taste and do not need ash fertilizers. At this stage, a simple solution of wood ashes is prepared and a bed watering – for each square meter of the area of crops, it is necessary to make 5-6 liters of sown.
In which use from pests?
Zola has proven itself as an effective means for scaring gardening pests. It is used in the form of dry ash powder, infusion, decoction or solution. Such means are most often used for prevention, but they can help in the initial stages of the lesion, when the number of pests is small.
The easiest way to use wood ash, which does not require complex training. Alas are crushed and sifted through fine sieve to remove a large fraction and wood balance. The resulting powder is used by one of the 3 ways.
Push into the upper layers of the soil. Such a procedure is carried out before planting cabbage in spring time. This approach allows you to confront snails and slugs, as well as destroy cabbage fly larvae.
Discarding bushes. In this case, the cabbage bushes spray with water from the spray, and then spray powder. The dry ash can be sprinkled on the bed in a clean form and in the complex with tobacco dust or red pepper powder. This will significantly increase the performance of protection. Such a way protects cabbage from the cross-color midge and aphids.
Making ash in deep soil layers. Used during autumn people or spring when forming a sowing hole. This method is characterized by high efficiency and helps in the fight against the bear, a wire, butterflies larvae and cabbage flies.
In the liquid form of ash acts on pests much faster. In addition, it holds longer on the leaves. Prepare a solution according to the following scheme:
200-300 g of sizzy wood ash are poured into the bucket;
poured with water and stirred thoroughly;
Uniform mass leave for several hours to insist.
Before processing, a soap substance is added to the obtained infusion – it can be green soap preparations, grated economic soap or a few drops of liquid.
The resulting composition is poured into the tank and spray on the cabbage bushes through the sprayer. The ral solution is made only in dry weather, preferably in the evening or in the morning immediately after dawn. For greater efficiency, the plants need to be treated several times, it is advisable to spend spraying every 2 days.
In addition to scarying pests, this composition will have a beneficial effect on the growth and development of culture.
The decoction of ash is preparing quickly and just. It has a property to protect cabbage from slugs and snails. Its preparation comes down to several simple steps:
300 g of sifted wood ash poured 1.5 liters of boiling water;
Capacity put on a small fire and boiled for 30-40 minutes, stirring periodically;
The finished composition is cooled and filtered through the gauze to remove a large fraction;
Before use, the decoction must be dissolved with water, bringing to the volume of 10 liters.
Such a means helps not only cabbage beds. It can be used for many other garden crops.