Summer alcohol – the drug is affordable and efficient, and therefore it should be in its arsenal every gardener. When cultivating cucumbers, tincture has a beneficial effect on the development of culture, and also provides it with the necessary prophylaxis.
Ammonia is a colorless gas with a sharp and unpleasant smell. When the substance is compounded with water, the ammonic alcohol is formed, widely used in gloomy, including for growing cucumbers. The main advantage of using the pharmacy drug is the “supply” of nitrogen, which contributes to the active production of chlorophyll and the extension of green mass. In addition, the tincture is very successfully copes with the prevention of common diseases and helps in the fight against pests. Quite budgetary and affordable drug is optimally absorbed by cucumbers, without creating excess and not transforming into harmful human nitrates. Since ammonia has a medium-scale reaction, it does not lead to the acidification of the soil, which harms useful microorganisms.
It is necessary to mention that the sharp smell of ammonia scares many pests, but since it is volatile, the effect of the drug turns out to be limited. Culture has to be processed immediately so that the ammonium composition does not evaporate, and therefore, and did not become useless.
How to prepare a solution?
Dilute the ammonia alcohol to care for cucumbers are offered in different proportions depending on the purpose of the use of the drug. According to the instructions, universal is the compound of 50 milliliters of the drug and 4 liters of water. For feeding or drugs of lower intensity in 10 liters of liquid base, it will be necessary to dilute only a tablespoon of ammonium tincture. For a stronger product, on the contrary, a dessert spoon of the pharmacy is mixed in a liter of clean water. For spraying, regardless of how the stage of development of culture occurs, 20 milliliters of a decade of percent ammonia and water bucket are always involved.
Watering seedlings will require already 50 milliliters of the active substance on the same amount of liquid base, and during abundant flowering the amount increases to about 90 milliliters. When the cucumbers begin to form fruit, fertilizer is less concentrated – 45 milliliters of ammonia per 10 liters of water. If culture has a clear lack of nitrogen, it will be necessary to significantly increase the norm – use 120 milliliters of the ammonia for each bucket. Finally, 50 millilitres of ammonia, divorced in the same amount of water, as preventing azotmefection. If the ammonia solution is used for root treatment, each instance of cucumbers will need 1 liter of nutrient fluid.
Used for spraying volume is not limited – it is necessary to achieve only the shoots, and foliage turned out to be evenly covered.
How to spray cucumbers from illness?
The spraying of the ammonia alcohol is unlikely to completely destroy the disease, but such a treatment will become an excellent prevention of fungal and bacterial diseases in the garden. Primary processing is carried out even before planting cucumbers – high concentration fluid shed land during rescock. Next time, having reduced the dosage of the ammonia, it is necessary to pour about half a cup of solution into each well, adhering to the recipe that implies a connection of 10 milliliters tools and 10 liters of water. In the future, spray cucumbers from diseases correct every two weeks. If the disease has already laid the cucumbers, then damaged vacations are definitely destroyed outside the site, and the remaining leaves and stalks are sprayed with a mixture of 50 milliliters of ammonic alcohol and 10 liters of water. By the way, the sowing material also makes sense to be disinfected in the pharmacy solution.
It is worth mentioning that the yellowing of the leaves does not always testify the disease of cucumbers – sometimes it is just one of the symptoms of nitrogen shortage, which is quite easy to solve. Despite the fact that the records are unlikely to be selected back, it should not be removed, since severe thinning can destroy the weakened bush. Damaged sheets, on the contrary, are immediately cut off at the base of the stem with a disabled tool.
How to use against pests?
The list of areas of cucumbers in the garden includes protection against common pests. For example, the ammonia plays a significant role in confrontation with such insects that do not bring his sharp smell: tool, bear, wire and other. Homemade insecticide should be made clearly according to the instructions and immediately used as intended. So, you can apply a mixture of 55 milliliters of ammonia tincture, 150 grams of particles of the economic soap and 10 liters of outstanding water. At the request of the bar, it is proposed to replace with liquid tar soap, and bring water to boil at first. A dosage of 100 grams of soap chips per 1 liter of boiling water and 50 milliliters of twenty-fightened ammonia alcohol is possible. The mixture is pretty stirred and used for spraying. The presence of soap chips will allow the drug for a long time to “stay” on leafy plates.
Another option involves breeding 10 milliliters of pharmacy nitrogen in 10 liters of liquid base. The finished agent is activated for root processing so that each copy receives 500 milliliters of the drug. This method is especially popular in the fight against the wireman. In principle, in the standard 10 liter water bucket, you can simply dissolve 4 tablespoons of ammonia alcohol. The finished mixture is suitable for root processing, but it should be applied immediately after watering. As a result, each whip should receive about 500 milliliters.
To get rid of ants on the open soil, you can try to treat an anthill with a highly concentrated solution. Also impregnated with the drug Cat disk is worth putting in molding hole, if these pests are particularly functioning gardeners. It is worth mentioning that the solution in which the soap chips is added can be involved not only for plants spraying, but also for directly wiping sheet plates. To enhance the action of drugs directed against the Tly and, by the way, against diseases, processing should be alternating with a feeding mixture from liter of water, half of a glass of milk and a teaspoon of iodine.
A similar recipe is offered to fight flies: a tablespoon of a decade of a total variety alcohol and 200 milliliters of milk is bred in 10 liters of water. The resulting mixture is immediately used to spray the culture: it provides her food, and drives off with a sharp smell of insects. It is also possible to add ammonia by boric acid and manganese. In the bucket of water, 2 tablespoons of the ammonic alcohol, half of the tea spoon, pre-divorced in water with a temperature of 50 degrees, and manganese potassium. The last ingredient is also divorced in a separate container, and the powder is added to the water in stages to get not too saturated color and high concentration and as a result, do not burn leaf plates.
An alternative to manganese is iodine or green in the amount of 10 drops. The finished mixture is used to spray landings.
Use as feeding
You can feed the cucumbers by the ammonia alcohol in two ways: root and extractive. The first option is usually chosen if the culture is slowly developing, and the second – if it is necessary for an emergency “nitrogen” intervention. The number of fertilizer used should be maximum at the stage of development of green mass and shrink before flowering and fruiting.
If root treatment is chosen for cucumbers, the bush should be powdered under the root, and the water should form a noticeable trickle. Fertilize culture costs universal solution. It can be watered in this way, it is possible to water the seedlings to be rooted and start branched, but it still takes the occurrence of 4-5 full-fledged leaves. The frequency of the supply of the nutrient solution is at first every 2 weeks, and then once a month.
The need to use ammonic alcohol is evidenced by the yellowness of sheet plates, thinning stems, slow development. The nitrogen contained in it is particularly important at the growth stage of the culture when the green mass occurs. If the screens grow slowly, then nitrogen-containing composition is complemented by phosphoric fertilizers.
For the processing of weekeeper, the spray gun is not particularly suitable, therefore extraxoded processing, that is, spraying, cucumbers are more convenient to carry out with the help of a conventional watering can. On the open ground, it is recommended to feed the culture with a fertilizer of a low concentration. The procedure should be carried out in a cool, cloudy and windless day, otherwise the nutrients either do not fall on the sheet plates at all, or they will immediately evaporate. It is more correct to work either early in the morning or late in the evening. For the extra-root feeder carried out in the greenhouse, a concentrated solution of the ammonic is required. Before starting the procedure, the soil must be coolerly moistened with clean water, heated in the sun to room temperature.
It must be clarified that averaged norm of application of ammonic alcohol is once a week. If the culture is clearly observed a lack of nitrogen, then the procedure is carried out every three days while its content is balanced. Feeding a well-developed cucumber weaves allowed to stop at the end of June, without waiting for the grocery. In general, the frequency of use and dosage of the drug is largely determined by the state of culture.
Gardeners are also recommended at the initial stage of ripening of vegetables to use a mixture of 15 milliliters of the ammonia, the same amount of liquid soap and 5 liters of water.
Since the ammonia alcohol has weighty toxicity and increased volatility, The ingress of a large number of its vapors in the human body can lead to negative consequences, up to poisoning. All begins with nausea, developing in vomiting and sometimes accompanied by damage to the mucous membranes. This explains why it is so important to adhere to precautions, interacting with this drug. Treatment of landings should be carried out in a protective equipment consisting of at least respirator, glasses and latex gloves. In order to avoid getting splashes on clothes, it is worth using the apron, and Panama will completely effectively hide hair.
If the ammonia alcohol is dissected in a greenhouse, then the process must be accompanied by the opening of all the vents and doors, as well as raising the canopy, so as not to poison ammonia couples. Torn vegetables with such weaves are necessarily rinsed thoroughly. It is important to monitor that the solution does not fall on the wires or decorative finish, as it will provoke their damage. Conducting spraying on the outdoor soil, it follows from an unrefined side. Of course, the drug should be stored in place inaccessible for pets and small children. If there is a slight ailment after the procedure, it will be enough to drink heated milk, but more serious symptoms require help of doctors. The substance falling on the skin is immediately washed away with plenty of water.