Apple tree Zhigulevskoye

  • Authors: WITH. NS. Kedrin, Samara Experienced Gardening Station
  • Taste: sour-sweet
  • The weight of the fetus, g: 120-350 g
  • Start of fruiting variety: for 5-6 year
  • Timing of ripening: In the first decade of September, in hot dry years – at the end of August
  • Duration of consumer period: From the third decade of September and December, sometimes until January
  • Regions growing: Central, Central Black Earth, North Caucasian, Middle Affairs, Nizhnevolzh region, as well as in the form of slans – in the East Siberian region
  • Appeared when crossed: Borovin x Wagner prize
  • Springness: 5-6 g
  • Crown: In the period of fruiting, high-level or wide-bridal, unguarded, shifted to the center

See all the characteristics

Zhigulövsky variety – representative of the autumn group of apple trees in terms of ripening of fruit. In addition, the fruits are well and long stored, without losing their taste, which led to the popularity of the grade among gardeners.

History of removal of varieties

Apple trees Zhigulevskoe was the result of the breeding labor of the scientist with. NS. Kedina. In the course of crossing 2 varieties – Domestic Borovin and American Wagner prize – breeder in 1936. Received Overview – Late-Autumn High-Three Apple Tree. Since 1949. Zhigulevsky took place cycle of government tests, and in 1965. was registered in the state market.

Description of varieties

Trees are strong-resulted (height of up to 3 m) with wide-brimmed or high-level configurations of crowns purchased with start of fruiting. Crowns are weakly thickened, which contributes to good ventilation, and better lighting of branches, leaves and fruits with sun rays. This feature is one of the advantages of the apple tree, as it increases the degree of resistance to the pasche. Tree branches are located straight, slightly raised. The shoots of a dark brown color thickened, slightly pubescent.

Egg-shaped leaves with slightly twisted tips. Edges of leafy plates with jar, and the leaves themselves resemble the form of a boat. Flowers are large and white, early blooming (bloom begins with the second decade of May), so during flowering may be susceptible to spring frosts. The grade learned the best qualities of his parents: a high degree of yield and plowly, characteristic taste, the property of apples to store useful qualities almost until February, the speedy growth and achieving the maturity of the tree, resistance to diseases, relative unpretentiousness and resistance to cold.

Features, pros and cons

Of the advantages of the variety, we note:

  • High yield, whose peak comes at 10 years old;
  • rapid growth of trees and a good level of softening;
  • Exterior appearance of apples;
  • Beautiful taste;
  • Passion resistance;
  • synchronous aging of fruits;
  • Mature apples are firmly held on the branches and are not inclined to fall – the crop is conveniently assembled;
  • Storage time for 2-3 months without loss of taste properties.

Minuses:

  • the average degree of winter resistance (from Wagner);
  • the possibility of obtaining solar burns;
  • The fruction of old trees occurs after 12 seasons, the fruits are minor;
  • exposure to attacks of frozhorka.

Ripening and fruiting

Fruit apple trees start at 5-6 years of growth. Feed harvest is made by a selective way 3-4 times per season, because the aging time is stretched. The deadline for the fruit comes in the first decade of September and lasts until the end of the month, the fruits are removed in the warm regions in August. The duration of the consumer interval – from 3 decades of September and December, less often in January. The aging fruit occurs synchronously, and the collection process is divided into 2 probable stages:

  • Fruit collection – from the last decade of August to early September, and the finish ripening of fruits occurs 1.5 weeks after the first collection;
  • Good level of consumer maturity – the third decade of September.

All deadlines affect the features of climatic conditions.

Regions growing

Zhigulevskoye is grown in the central, central black earth, north-caucasian, settlement, Livnelavian regions, as well as in the form of a model – in East Siberian districts.

Yield

Moderate variety. From one tall tree you can get about 250 kg of harvest. If the plant is up to 3 m high, then the yield will be slightly less. Dwarf specimens give up to 10 kg of fruits 2 years after disembarking.

Fruits and their taste

The fruits of variety are large, some are gaining weight up to 350 g, the average weight of apples is within 120-350 g. The fruits of a rounded configuration, often widely, pollen are mostly dark reddish shades, low-colored, with a sweet-sour taste. Tasting score – 3.8. Skin of fruit strong, brilliant and oily. Seed containers are closed, and the nests resemble the configuration of the bulb. Meal of cream shade, gentle, grainy.

Features of cultivation

2-3 years after disembarking the main type of caring for trees is a weeding of nearby places and regular watering. The productive way is the mulching and landing of the Siderators with their further touch in the ground.

Watering is carried out 1 time per month, in volumes corresponding to the age of a tree (4 years – 4 buckets). For mature plants, no less than 4 irons in the season. Are relevant watering performed before the renal disclosure, after 20 days after flowering, 20-28 days before the eriches of fruits, as well as during the leaf. Watering during the reservoir of the crop is not recommended, since the consequence of such irrigation is the appearance of cracks on the fruits and a decrease in the timing of their lasting.

Since 2 years old growth, measures are started to form crown. To this end, the sick branches and branches are eliminated below the main branching, vertically located, do last year’s branch (not all), which leads to stimulation of branching and restriction of wood growth. The plant is more likely to enter the period of fruiting, its winter resistance and life.

In addition to forming trimming, relevant and pruning a sanitary, involving the elimination of sick, festered, deformed branches. Behind the pruning must be molding wounds of the Garden Wara.

Pollination

Zhigulevskoye – the plant is not a self-resistant, in need of persistent pollination. Next trees should grow with him. Productive neighbors for Zhigulavsky are early autumn and late-autumn trees.

Subordinate

For productive growth, a variety is needed stable feeding. Young spring feed the urea, in May-June, the tops spray with a humate sodium, and in September feed the phosphorus-potash fertilizers. Mature trees fueled 4 times for the season: in the 3nd decade of April – urea; At the beginning of flowering – full-fledged minudging, at the end of flowering – nitroposka and potassium humate. The final additive is made at the end of cleaning, applying phosphorus-potash compositions. The root piglets are removed as prophylactic measures from harmful insects and diseases, ripples are leaving.

Frost resistance

Morozhet resistance variety – average. Consistent temperature differences and long thaws lead trees for stress. The degree of frost resistance is determined by the 2 main criteria:

  • level of adaptation qualities for winter;
  • The degree of restoreability of low temperatures.

In the presence of high-quality care (proper shelter and competent spring trimming), trees are canceled and fruit in various regions. Autumn Preparatory Activities are to eliminate damaged areas, processing their gardened borants, turning around the stabes rubberoid, other materials or a snapper to protect against freezing.

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