Apple tree Sunny

  • Authors: All-Russian Research Institute of Breaking Fruit Cultures, Authors – E. N. Sedov, Z. M. Serov, B. IN. Zhdanov, E. BUT. Dolmatov
  • Taste: saturated sour sweet, with fresh aftertaste
  • The weight of the fetus, g: from 140 to 160-200
  • Full size: average
  • Yield: High, up to 107 c / ha
  • Frequency frequency: Annual
  • Start of fruiting variety: for 6-7 years
  • Timing of ripening: Late September
  • Removable maturity: September 15-20
  • Bleed: until mid-January

See all the characteristics

Most gardeners carefully choose the seedlings of an apple tree for their garden, because you want to grow a tree that will delight with delicious fruits every year, while not requiring special skills for growing and care. This includes late-year-old apple variety called Sunny.

History of removal of varieties

The variety was led artificially by Russian breeders at the end of the last century. At the head of the group working on the creation of a variety, stood selection of saddle, waist, dolmatov and serov. In the State Register, apple appeal was made only 20 years ago, and for such a short time, the love of gardeners and farmers managed to conquer. The variety was grown from seeds derived from cross-pollination of trees growing in the collection of the NII.

Description of varieties

Apple tree Sun is a low tree (height 2.5-3.5 m) with a rounded crown of moderate thickness. The diameter of the crown is small – up to 4 meters, so the apple tree looks compact and neat. The tree has durable branches with glossy crust and a powerful root system. The outer attractiveness of the tree are slightly twisted leaves and buds of colors during the active flowering period. Sorts Sun are presented by several species – dwarf and semi-caric, colonum and Orlovskoe.

Features, pros and cons

Apple tree Sunshine is a universal variety that is incredibly tasty fresh, and is also ideal for canning, cooking jelly, juices and compotes. The variety has a number of features: abundant crops, resistance to diseases and invasion of pests, winter-resistance, long-term focus (up to 100 days), easy transportation without significant losses, as well as fast adaptation to different types of soils.

Along with numerous advantages, there is a slight deficiency: low migratoryness.

Ripening and fruiting

Flowering trees begins in the second half of May, when the air is well warm, and all frosts behind. During this period, the crown of the tree thick is covered with white-pink large flowers with a pronounced aroma. The migratory of wood is average, and the first apples can be tried on 6-7 years of growth and development of fruit culture. On average, the peak of fruction falls for 7-20 years during the lifetime of a tree up to 30 years.

Fruption is focused mainly on rings. The period of active fruction begins at the end of summer and lasts 4-6 weeks. After ripening, the fruits do not appear. Periodicity of fruiting annual. The period of removable maturity apples directly depends on the climatic conditions of the region.

Regions growing

Apple tree Sun is zoned and recommended for landing and growing in regions such as Central, Central Chernozem and Nizhnevalzhsky. To date, the grade is massively grown in Ukraine and in Belarus.

Yield

Indicators of yield are impressive. On average, an adult tree can be collected up to 200 kg of ripe apples per season. If we talk about an industrial scale, then from 1 hectares of farmers collect up to 100-120 centners of fruit.

Fruits and their taste

All apples is 140-200 grams. The fruit is characterized correct, slightly elongated shape and barely noticeable ribbed. The color of the fetus is greenish-yellow with a raspberry blush, but with full ripening, it changes slightly and becomes yellow. The apple has a white juicy flesh, characterized by severe acid-sweet taste and fruit aroma. The highlight of the apple is his aftertaste with pronounced freshness.

The amount of apples can be adjusted independently, removing several fruits in inflorescences.

Features of cultivation

For planting seedlings, almost any soil will fit (exception is clay soil). The site must be cleansed from weeds, carefully switch and get out, which will improve air permeability, saturate fertilizers and moisturize. In addition, the plot should be well covered with the sun and be removed from groundwater. Drafts wood is not afraid, but the protection will be required from strong and frequent winds.

Landing seedlings can be made in the spring when the soil of the free, and freezes will not be, and in the fall, 30-40 days before the first frosts, after the leaf fall, as the root system will need time for adaptation. The distance between the seedlings should be at least 5-6 meters.

Pollination

Sort of sun-free sun, so no donor trees do not do. As pollinkers, it is recommended to plant an apple tree of the following species – Antonovka, Orlik, Amrus and Grushovka Moscow.

Subordinate

Fertilizers are recommended annually. Spring is considered the best period. Most often, peat, humid and ash is used as fertilizer. Useful for healthy wood development will be organic and phosphoric fertilizers. Fertilizer is entered into rolling circles or in well. In addition to the feeding, it will be necessary to water and shortening the branches that are conducted on a specific schedule.

Frost resistance

Frost resistance at the variety is very high, so there is no freezing in the period of flowering, you should not worry. An ideal protection for the tree will be insulation of the nearby zone and the stem itself. As a rule, the mulching is effective.

Diseases and pests

An apple tree has excellent immunity to a brummer, but there is no protection from red bream, frozing and blooming. Protected protection will be preventive spraying with special solutions.

Review reviews

Based on numerous reviews, you can make some conclusions. Apple tree Sun is completely non-pecked, so even a novice gardener will cope with its cultivation.

Many dackets characterize grade with abundant harvests, high flavors of fruit, long-term preservation of appearance during transportation, which is important for those who grow apples for commercial purposes, as well as strong immunity that protects from diseases and pests.

The only drawback of the variety, according to experienced gardeners, is a small acid content in apples, which is negatively reflected in the safety.

Rate the article
( No ratings yet )
Add comments

;-) :| :x :twisted: :smile: :shock: :sad: :roll: :razz: :oops: :o :mrgreen: :lol: :idea: :grin: :evil: :cry: :cool: :arrow: :???: :?: :!: