Apple tree Orlovim

  • Authors: All-Russian Research Institute of Breaking Fruit Cultures, Authors – E. N. Sedov, Z. M. Serov, B. IN. Zhdanov
  • Taste: sour-sweet
  • Aroma: Pretty strong, slightly similar to the smell of ordinary Antonovka
  • The weight of the fetus, g: 130-150
  • Full size: average
  • Yield: High, 200 c / ha
  • Start of fruiting variety: for 4-5 year
  • Timing of ripening: Summer
  • Removable maturity: in the second half of August
  • Bleed: 3-4 weeks

See all the characteristics

Apple trees are very often subjected to such a disease like a pass. But such a variety appeared, which is well opposed to him. Apple tree Orlovim is just such a variety. In this article, consider the features of culture, taste quality of fruits, we note positive moments, agrotechnical features, as well as pollination and frost resistance.

History of removal of varieties

In 1977, in the All-Russian Research Institute of Fruit Cultures, specialists in this field of seeds e. N., Serov Z. M. and Zhdanov B. IN. Received a new variety of apple trees, which is resistant to the passage thanks to the VM gene. For the parent couple of the future hybrid took the varieties of apple tree Antonovka Ordinary and seedlings called SR 0523. In the State Register, this hybrid was made only in 1999 after all the tests were held in the middle lane of Russia.

Description of varieties

The tree of the apple tree has a good powerful strength, but grows in length 4-5 m. Crown in form rounded, not too thick, up to 6 m in diameter. Skeletal branches curves and from the base of the trunk leave almost at right angles. From each other are located at a distance, which creates a feeling of rarity branches.

Corn color light brown, there are small jar and peeling.

New-forming shoots thin in their structure, with a round cross section and very published, brown color. Brown kidneys, they have a slight omission.

Apple tree leaves Eagle medium, oblong-elongated especially from the end. The tip is a little sharp. The top of the sheet turns on the spiral. Floor surface glossy, rear – matte with barely noticeable. The edge of the sheet is wave-like.

Flowers resemble a saucer. Pale Pink Pink Flower Petals. Number of petals – 4, but 6-petal flowers are found.

The root system is well developed and occupies a large space, since the roots grow and in the vertical and horizontal direction.

Features, pros and cons

Each gardener first looks at the positive aspects of any culture. Hybrid Eaglov’s positive parties are that the fruits have good tasteings, they are fragrant and suitable for universal destination. As well as an apple tree inherent frost resistance, stable fruit and resistance to the paste.

But the first minus, which rushes to everyone, is that apples are absolutely not intended for transportation. Shelf life does not exceed 3 weeks. Still gardeners say that some apples grow too high, and they are not only difficult to collect, but also to care for them.

Ripening and fruiting

Fruiting goes in two stages. First stage – Email apples in the second decade of August. This is the average maturity of the apple, they still green on the color, but ready to use. Can some oxygen.

The second stage is September 15-20, apples are completely poured with color, become sweet.

Ripening period occurs from mid-May to August. Approximately 90-100 days. Duration of fruiting may increase depending on the cultivation region.

Yield

Eagle Eagle High Productivity High and Stable. Apple tree fruit every year since 5 years seed landing in soil.

With an apple tree age up to 10 years old, 60-80 kg of apples are removed, more adult trees increase the crop to 100-120 kg. C 1 hectares are removed by 200 c.

Fruits and their taste

Medium-sized apples, on a shade light yellow with a saturated blush on sides and splashes. Apple weight 130-150 g, there are and fruit weighing 180 g. In the form of conical, at the base and below slightly flashed. There are apples with a small ambulance at the base.

Peel thin, with a small ribbed surface. Present gloss and oiliness. Middle Depth Funnel, Ostroyonic.

The flesh of juicy, cream shade, gentle, without tangible graininess. Seeds are small. To taste, sweet-sour apples, much depends on the degree of aging. There is a strong apple fragrance.

Features of cultivation

Agrotechnical moments for the care of an apple tree Orlovim are not particularly different from the cultivation of other cultures. In order for the apple tree well fertile, it is necessary to observe several stages.

The first thing that is worth paying your attention before landing is to the square. The crown at the tree is quite large, although the branches are not sprawling, but still it is necessary. Yes, and collect apples will be easier when nothing grows near.

The place should also be well covered with the sun and not too frozen by winds. It is necessary to regularly water the culture, especially during the recruitment period of the color and ripening of fruits.

The selected place is checked for groundwater, as the root system is extensive, and the roots will reach the water in any case. It should be avoided, since in a strong-selling environment, the roots are overshable and begin to rot, and this will adversely affect the harvest.

The soil should be loose, to skip oxygen, sand and sublinous composition.

Special attention must be paid to Krone, or rather, its formation. The formation begins from the first years of planting a seedling into the ground so that the plant does not come to the thickeship.

Circuit takes place in several stages: in spring, summer and autumn. In the fall, it is desirable to cut a larger amount of branches, leaving only skeletal.

Since the root system is large, it is worth pulling out a hole of 1.5-2 times the root. This will favorably affect the growth and formation of roots.

Pollination

Apple tree flowers Eagle sterile, although pollination is still going on, but there will be big harvest in this case. In order for the apple tree well to be pollinated, the varieties of apple trees at a distance of 2 m are situated, in which flowering time coincide, for example, Wesley or Pepin saffron.

Subordinate

Feeding also worth spending in several stages. These are usually the steps that share the seasons. Spring feeding is held when all the snow melts, and the earth will light slightly. During this period, the soil must be equipped with nitrogen and useful growth minerals, since after winter the culture is still weak. During flowering and vegetative period, you can fertilize with natural organic feeding apple trees, and make spraying. Autumn apple trees are prepared by winter, so it is necessary to carry out a whole complex of mineral components. Of course, you can buy special feeders with the “Autumn” mark, they must contain potassium and phosphorus.

Frost resistance

At the apple tree, an excellent indicators of winter hardiness, up to -30 degrees. Gardeners note that this is indeed, so, and the culture is not worth it.

It is necessary to cover only young seedlings in the first 2-3 years, while the trunk is not fixed enough, and the root system will not fully divert. Can be covered with agrofiber or rubberoid. It will protect against the fruit of the bark.

And also after harvesting the trunk of the tree whites. This is an additional protection of the bark from pest penetration both in the winter time and in the following seasons.

Diseases and pests

Gardeners note that such an apple tree does not have any pests, but still it is worth conducting preventive work.

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