- Authors: People’s selection, Baltic countries
- Taste: sweet and sweet, dessert
- The weight of the fetus, g: from 80 to 130
- Full size: medium or above average
- Yield: up to 50 kg from wood
- Frequency frequency: Young age is fruit annually, adults – often periodic
- Start of fruiting variety: First fruits can be obtained for 3 years, the maximum yield occurs by 6-8
- Timing of ripening: Rannelnie
- Removable maturity: The end of August – until September 10
- Bleed: After a meal can be saved for two weeks
See all the characteristics
Apple tree Malinovka, or Suuisleskaya, is a beautiful dessert variety. Gardeners appreciate him for a gentle flesh with a light sourness and an attractive appearance of fruits that highlights them on the background of other apples.
History of removal of varieties
For the first time, the Malinovka variety was described by a researcher from France Andre Lerua in the middle of the XIX century. He described this apple tree as an amazing winter-hardy grade occurring from the Baltic Sea coast. However, in other sources there are earlier descriptions of crowns, dated XVII-XVIII centuries., which refers to Estonian and even the Persian origin of this varietal varieties.
Description of varieties
Apple tree Malinovka is a medium-sized tree. Height varies from 3 to 5.5 m. Crown is thick, rounded or slightly wedge-shaped, often thickened, periodically need to cut forward. Thin branches, strong, matte, slightly rough, have a pale yellow or light beige shade. Thicker shoots raised up, forming a rounded crown shape.
Leaves at the tree of the right rounded shape, a bit of a large, saturated green shade. The edges of the leaves are sawn, with easy-to-wear, shiny and slightly wrinkled.
Features, pros and cons
The main advantage of the variety can be considered a beautiful taste of fruits that belong to the dessert. You can note the attractiveness of fruits – they serve the decoration of any table. Their ribbed looks very attractive on the background of a light blush, which, as a rule, manifests itself on one of the sides of the apple.
Minus varieties, according to gardeners, is not enough high yield. In order to receive an optimal amount of fruits, a large amount of effort should be attached when careing for the apple tree and carefully ensure that pests do not appear on the branches, and there were no signs of infectious diseases.
The disadvantage of the Raninovka variety is and bad apple transportability. They are easy to impenet, so they are usually used only at the harvest site.
Low winter hardiness also disadvantageously distinguishes this variety from other similar apple trees. Therefore, when choosing this variety for growing on its site, it is necessary to consider what climatic belt you are in.
Ripening and fruiting
Flowering of crimson, like most other varieties of this fruit tree, begins in May. Flowers are large, fragrant, gentle white. Some subspecies can have a light pink shade. During this period, the Malinovka attracts a huge number of pollinators insects, which has a beneficial effect on yields.
Fruits of Malinovka are ready to collect in the second half of August, subject to growing not north of the middle strip. In more northern areas there is a risk of non-removal of apples, and in winter there is many times the risk of moving the root system.
After full ripening, it is important to remove the fruits from the tree in time, otherwise the apples occurs. The fruit raised from the Earth is kept much less, so it is important not to miss the moment of harvesting.
After they were removed from the branch, the apples can save their freshness for up to 14 days.
Spontaneous appearance of apples can be associated with several reasons:
If the fruits were not removed on time, and simply fell;
If the apple tree fails to moisture or, on the contrary, grows in the interlayer wet or swampy terrain;
If bad weather happened, and a strong wind blew fruit from the tree;
If the apple tree was attacked by pests or illness.
Apple tree described varieties grows well in regions with temperate climates. With its cultivation, it is necessary to take into account that the agricultural engineering will vary depending on the latitude of growth. The north the tree of the Malinovka variety is grown, the smaller growth reaches it in adulthood.
Excellent Malinovka will grow on the territory of Ryazan, Tula, Penza, Tambov, Bryansk regions, as well as in Bashkiria and Volga region.
The variety is not distinguished by high yield. The first fruits can be obtained from a tree that has reached the age of 3. The highest harvest give trees that grow on a plot of 8 years. It is about 50 kg. After reaching this age with each subsequent year, an apple tree brings less fruit, only in rare seasons differing good yield.
If there will be no other apple trees next to the raspberry, then the crop can not wait, in general. This variety is completely non-empty, so it needs a large number of pollinators or relatives nearby.
Fruits and their taste
Apples Malinovka varieties have a little more average size, their weight reaches 80-130 g. Round form, slightly conical, often slightly incorrect. Clearly allocated ribs on a smooth skin, which has a light gloss when ripening. The color of fruit varies from pale yellow to greenish. Apple is a little flattened long fruit. Funnel shallow, often painted in orange or dark yellow tone.
Seed core is pretty big, open cameras. Seeds dark, flat, pretty neat. The pulp of apples with light sourness, which is pleasantly combined with the sweetness of fruits. The level of sugar in it reaches almost 9.5%, which is a pretty good indicator for dessert varieties. It can be noted in the composition of fruits an increased content of ascorbic acid and pectin.
Features of cultivation
Apple tree Malinovka will grow well only on fertile soils, so it is necessary to take care of the choice of space for its landing in advance, or it is not enough to enrich enough high-quality soil with nutrients on the eve of landing.
It should be noted that planting an apple tree in a swampy terrain or near the reservoirs is not the best idea. The root system does not tolerate the high level of groundwater, so if it is impossible to choose a different landing room, you need to take care of the drainage of the pit under the apple tree, and it is better to plant it on the hills.
Like other fruit trees, Malinovka loves open solar sections, where the sunshine falls on the crown. In this case, the fruits will be especially sweet and red. But it is important to take care that the tree is protected from severe wind gusts, otherwise all the color and unbearable fruits may simply be fed before the start of maturation, and there is a risk of full crop loss.
Planting the applender garden follows the scheme 7 to 7 meters in checker. In this case, the trees will not shade each other, and they will be enough moisture.
Saplings for seedlings are prepared in advance, 2-3 weeks before landing. Their size should not be less than 70 cm deep and 100 cm in diameter. Drainage is laid on the bottom, then the humus, which is poured with water. In this form, the wells are left for up to 21 days.
Landing the raspberry is permissible and in spring, and in the fall. It depends on the type of seedlock root system. When closed, it is recommended to produce landing in the fall, after cleaning the site – approximately in October. If the root system is open, the tree is not bad and when disembarking in March-April. The main thing is to have time to produce all the work on landing before the start of the renal dissolve, otherwise the young tree will be painful to transplant.