Apple tree cherished

  • Authors: Siberian Gardening Research Institute. M. BUT. Lisenavenko, M. BUT. Lisenvenko, L. YU. Zharbrovskaya, I. NS. Kalinina, T. F. KORNIENKO, Z. BUT. Grankina
  • Taste: sour-sweet
  • Aroma: Expressed
  • The weight of the fetus, g: 40-60 g
  • Yield: 107 c / ha, 18-20 kg from a tree
  • Start of fruiting variety: for 4 years
  • Timing of ripening: in mid-September
  • Removable maturity: The second half of September is the beginning of October, in the hot summer, the first ripe fruits can appear at the end of August
  • Bleed: up to 150 days
  • Purpose: Universal

See all the characteristics

Apple trees are covered widespread in Siberia, but gardeners from other regions of Russia are happy to grow them. These are not very high, but beautiful trees – excellent decoration for the garden. In the spring they will delight luxurious blossoms, and in the autumn – a chic harvest. Small, neat grade apples are extremely helpful, possess excellent taste, exquisite aroma, differ long storage.

History of removal of varieties

Taking into account the specifics of climatic conditions, the cherished variety is one of Russia common in Russia. The plant was obtained in 1958. in research institutes. M. BUT. Lisenavenko during work with mallab apple varieties and autumn joy. Participants: A. Lisavanko, T. Kornienko and others. The efforts of scientists managed to highlight a variety with a strong immune system, effectively opposing pest attacks, various diseases and cold. Included in the State Register in 1995.

Description of varieties

The tree is seconded in size (up to 2-2.5 m, less often up to 3.5 m), with a spreading crown of oval configuration. Crown is not strongly thickened, which allows for the entire summer period to fully light and branches, and leaves of trees. Therefore, fruits are matured synchronously by exposing effective ventilation, which saves trees from the past.

Bark smooth, dark brown shades. Branches are placed perpendicular to the trunk. Sleeping slender, dark brown shades, slightly covered with a fly. Puffs are small, pubescent. Highlights are small, slightly extended.

Listers small, elongated, pointed, dark green tone, with corrugation, plane concave shape. Flowers are small, white with a slight pinkish-raspberry tint and a weak aroma. Buds are revealed from the second decade of May, and in the presence of rains and cold weather – by the end of May. The flowering process is stretched for two weeks.

The variety is fast-growing, by 7-8, gaining its greatest height. During the year, the tree can score up to 60 cm, which depends on the quality of the agroges and weather condition.

Features, pros and cons

Pros:

  • It begins to be froning for 4 years of growth, and then every year;

  • decent degree of yield;

  • aging apples later;

  • Significant level of strength of the fruit – the timing time in cool places is 5-6 months without loss of taste properties and a commodity type;

  • excellent commodity properties;

  • High degree of immunity to the occurrence of diseases and attacks of pests.

Minuses:

  • low level of portability of strong frosts and the possibility of extinction;

  • Hammer of apples in the process of green growth.

The fruits are tasty and extremely useful, include a significant number of vitaminized and acid components (B1, B2, B6, C, E, P, carotenoids, pectins, sugars, tanning compounds, organics, potash salts). Elements in percent: sugars – 12.2% (8.5-12.7), titrate acids – 0.43% (0.34-1.25), tannins – 166 mg / 100g (91-250), P-active compounds – 178 mg / 100g (133-223), pectin substances – 6.92%.

Ripening and fruiting

The appearance of mature fruits is celebrated from the 2nd decades of September or from the beginning of October, the mature fruits appear on the end of August.

Regions growing

Ryonated grade in the Siberian region in 1995. He is grown in Altai, in Tomsk, Omsk, Tyumen and other regions of the country.

Yield

The degree of yield is significant, but with age notes a slight of apples. After the first harvest, the collection quantitatively increases annually. Mature plant brings up to 70-75 kg of high-quality apples.

Fruits and their taste

Fruits of oval configuration. In young trees, they are larger, their weight comes up to 70-80 g. After the time of time, the fruits are flashed to 40-60 g. Small fruit, with medium-sized funnel. Small saucer, dimensions slightly open cup. Surrounding tube funnel-shaped, small dimensions. The axial cavity is unruly. Seed capacities enlarged, covered. Seeds of assembled apples brownish, miniature. The dominant color is white with stripes of saturated red. Taste – Sweetish, giving backscill and strawberry. Flesh light, saturated, sound crisp. The fragrance is expressed Neyarko.

Features of cultivation

Approximately an hour before the landing of the grade of its roots should be soaked in water, and then immerse in the clay bolt. The disembarkation should be made in the fall (until the second decade of October) or in the spring (with the heating of the soil more than +8 degrees with steadily warm conditions).

The place is selected light, protected from winds and flooding. Milnage sites will not fit. Groundwater should lay on 1.8-2 m from the surface of the soil. The best place for disembarking will be a plot with black soil, linous or soup soil. With the sandy area, clay education should be loosen, and then swap. In the ground bring sand and peat. The process of landing the variety is standard, but the care of trees includes some nuances.

  1. Soil under the tree should be moisturized 2-3 times in the season. In the spring for trees at the age of more than 4 years, up to 10 vector of water. In the fall, at the end of the leaf fall, with a shortage of natural moisture, there is a significant watering of the october space, saturating the roots before the upcoming cold. With the shortage of summer rains, trees are watered in June and in August at least 2 times.

  2. In the course of the adult tree in the ground, it is necessary to additionally add phosphorous nitrogen compounds and other useful components. Complex compounds are added to the seeds prepared for this, which are then falling asleep and watered.

  3. For feeding, the compositions of a liquid cowboat and chicken litter, which are fertile and in spring, and in the summer. Humile in spring, during the rescue of the priority region.

  4. Forming trimming is produced in spring time, before the start of the process of the Softness. Growing the apple tree of this variety, you should stick to the bush shape of trees with small heights of the strains (30-50 cm). This makes it possible to cover the bottom of the tree with snow that protects them in cold times. When freezing the branches from above, the bottom restore the crown, and the village survive.

  5. Apple trees should not cut horizontally growing branches, because fruits will be formed, but the curved branches usually cut into the ring. Every year, trees are carried out in the trees, eliminating the barking, filled and old branches.

For efficient pollination of the variety, it is important to competently pick up the variety of pollinator (Altai ruddy, crimson and others).

Frost resistance

During the snowy winter period, the apple trees form mounds from snow that will keep warm, protect trees from freezing. With the onset of spring, the snow and garbage is cleaned, and the priority area fertre up and dripping.

Diseases and pests

Despite the strong immunity of the variety, for the protection of an apple tree from diseases, a solution of burglar fluid, iron cunery, “Khorus”, “Aktellik”. Spraying is carried out before and after the flowering of trees, as well as after harvesting.

Protection is made and “Rubigan”, “Sight”, “Medeay”. In the spring with the prophylactic goal, the trees are sprayed with a solution of urea and copper sulfate (650 g of urea, 40 g of copper mood on 10 liters of water).

Cleaning fallen leaves and whitewashing trees is obligatory.

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